Ho­tel dif­fu­so ad Am­ster­dam Di­stri­bu­ted Ho­tel in Am­ster­dam

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I mi­cro edi­fi­ci un tem­po uti­liz­za­ti per la ge­stio­ne del traf­fi­co sui ca­na­li – fir­ma­ti an­che da im­por­tan­ti ar­chi­tet­ti del XX se­co­lo – so­no di­ven­ta­ti ca­me­re d’al­ber­go che con­sen­to­no una frui­zio­ne ine­di­ta del­la cit­tà. L’idea è di Spa­ce&Mat­ter Ti­ny buil­dings on­ce used as brid­ge hou­ses to con­trol traf­fic on the ca­nals – so­me of them de­si­gned by ma­jor 20th-cen­tu­ry ar­chi­tec­ts – ha­ve been tur­ned in­to ho­tel rooms that of­fer a new way of en­joy­ing the ci­ty. The idea for this co­mes from Spa­ce&Mat­ter

Am­ster­dam è at­tra­ver­sa­ta da due prin­ci­pa­li ar­te­rie di na­vi­ga­zio­ne, a ove­st il Kost­ver­lo­ren­vaart, a est il fiu­me Am­stel. Per man­te­ne­re sot­to con­trol­lo l’in­ten­so traf­fi­co flu­via­le lun­go que­sti as­si per tan­ti an­ni so­no sta­ti uti­liz­za­ti dei pic­co­li “ca­sel­li”, luo­ghi di la­vo­ro e spes­so an­che abi­ta­zio­ni dei cu­sto­di del­le ac­que. L’in­tro­du­zio­ne di si­ste­mi di con­trol­lo mec­ca­niz­za­ti ha pe­rò re­so inu­ti­le la pre­sen­za dell’uo­mo, di con­se­guen­za an­che de­gli edi­fi­ci. Il te­ma del­la ri­con­ver­sio­ne di que­sti ca­sel­li è sta­to po­sto per la pri­ma vol­ta nel 2013 da una ri­cer­ca espo­sta al cen­tro per l’ar­chi­tet­tu­ra Ar­cam di Am­ster­dam. Gra­zie al pro­get­to Swee­ts fir­ma­to Spa­ce&Mat­ter (na­to dal­la col­la­bo­ra­zio­ne con Gray­field e i fon­da­to­ri di Lloyd Ho­tel Am­ster­dam is cros­sed by two main na­vi­ga­tion ar­te­ries, the Kost­ver­lo­ren­vaart in the we­st and the ri­ver Am­stel in the east. For ma­ny years small “brid­ge hou­ses”, pla­ces of work that of­ten al­so ser­ved as ho­mes for the brid­ge men, we­re used to keep the bu­sy ri­ver traf­fic on the­se axes un­der con­trol. Ho­we­ver, the in­tro­duc­tion of ad­van­ced cen­tral ope­ra­ting sy­stems has ma­de the hu­man pre­sen­ce un­ne­ces­sa­ry, and so the­se buil­dings ha­ve lo­st their ro­le. The que­stion of the con­ver­sion of the­se brid­ge hou­ses was rai­sed for the fir­st ti­me in 2013 by a stu­dy sho­wn at the AR­CAM cen­tre for ar­chi­tec­tu­re in Am­ster­dam. Thanks to the Swee­ts pro­ject car­ried out by Spa­ce&Mat­ter (born out of a col­la­bo­ra­tion wi­th Gray­field and the foun­ders of Lloyd Ho­tel and Cul­tu­ral Em­bas­sy, Su­zan­ne Oxe­naar, Ot­to Nan and Ger­rit Groen), work has be­gun on the tran­sfor­ma­tion of 28 of the­se small struc­tu­res in­to ho­tel rooms. Spa­ce&Mat­ter, an agen­cy run by ar­chi­tect-en­tre­pre­neurs, was al­rea­dy well kno­wn for its crea­ti­ve re­ha­bi­li­ta­tion of the for­mer De Ceu­vel shi­pyard, fit­ted out wi­th hou­se­boa­ts re­lo­ca­ted on land and now used to ho­st va­rious you­th-cen­te­red en­ter­pri­ses. This im­por­tant pre­ce­dent per­sua­ded the go­vern­ment to back the Swee­ts pro­ject. The na­me is a play on the word

and Cul­tu­ral Em­bas­sy, Su­zan­ne Oxe­naar, Ot­to Nan e Ger­rit Groen) è ini­zia­ta la tra­sfor­ma­zio­ne di 28 di que­sti mi­cro-edi­fi­ci in ca­me­re d’al­ber­go. Spa­ce&Mat­ter, un’agen­zia di ar­chi­tet­ti-im­pren­di­to­ri, era già no­ta per il recupero crea­ti­vo dell’ex can­tie­re na­va­le De Ceu­vel al­le­sti­to con ca­se gal­leg­gian­ti che oggi, ri­col­lo­ca­te a ter­ra, ospi­ta­no im­pre­se gio­va­ni­li. Que­sto im­por­tan­te pre­ce­den­te ha con­vin­to l’am­mi­ni­stra­zio­ne pub­bli­ca a in­tra­pren­de­re il pro­get­to Swee­ts, no­me che ri­cor­da la pa­ro­la “sui­te” ma si ri­fe­ri­sce an­che let­te­ral­men­te a que­ste co­stru­zio­ni co­me a ca­ra­mel­le spar­se per la cit­tà. Cir­ca un ter­zo del­le sui­te ur­ba­ne è già di­spo­ni­bi­le e pre­no­ta­bi­le, le re­stan­ti sa­ran­no aper­te al pub­bli­co en­tro il 2021. Al­cu­ni ex ca­sel­li so­no ope­ra di gran­di ar­chi­tet­ti olan­de­si del XX se­co­lo co­me Hen­drik Pe­trus Ber­la­ge, Dirk Ste­ren­berg, Pie­ter Lo­dewi­jk Kra­mer, Joan Mel­chior van der Mey. Al­cu­ne ca­me­re si tro­va­no in cen­tro, al­tre in zo­ne più tran­quil­le, sem­pre con una vi­sta spet­ta­co­la­re sui ca­na­li ani­ma­ti dal con­ti­nuo pas­sag­gio del­le im­bar­ca­zio­ni. An­che Swee­ts, co­me Airbnb, of­fre una map­pa in­te­rat­ti­va con l’ubi­ca­zio­ne del­le 28 stan­ze e tut­te le in­for­ma­zio­ni ne­ces­sa­rie per rag­giun­ge­re la pro­pria de­sti­na­zio­ne, co­sì co­me al­cu­ni cen­ni sto­ri­ci sull’ar­chi­tet­tu­ra. Nel­la pa­gi­na web “sui­te” but al­so re­fers to the way the­se con­struc­tions are scat­te­red around the ci­ty li­ke can­dies. About a third of the ur­ban sui­tes are al­rea­dy avai­la­ble and can be boo­ked, whi­le the re­st will be open to the pu­blic by 2021. So­me of the for­mer brid­ge hou­ses we­re de­si­gned by great Dut­ch ar­chi­tec­ts of the 20th cen­tu­ry li­ke Hen­drik Pe­trus Ber­la­ge, Dirk Ste­ren­berg, Pie­ter Lo­dewi­jk Kra­mer and Joan Mel­chior van der Mey. A num­ber of the rooms are lo­ca­ted in the cen­tre of to­wn, others in quie­ter areas, but they al­ways ha­ve a spec­ta­cu­lar view of the ca­nals and the con­ti­nual pas­sa­ge of boa­ts. Swee­ts, li­ke Airbnb, pro­vi­des an in­te­rac­ti­ve map sho­wing the lo­ca­tion of the 28 rooms and gi­ving all the in­for­ma­tion nee­ded to get to them, as well as hi­sto­ri­cal no­tes on their ar­chi­tec­tu­re. The fir­st

(swee­tsho­tel.am­ster­dam) so­no già com­par­si i pri­mi com­men­ti di uten­ti en­tu­sia­sti: “Una ca­sa uni­ca, pic­co­la e di ca­rat­te­re nel cen­tro di Am­ster­dam… Nes­su­na hall d’in­gres­so, nes­sun por­tie­re, nes­sun ascen­so­re, nes­sun lun­go cor­ri­do­io, so­lo la tua por­ta d’in­gres­so e un po’ di me­ra­vi­glio­sa so­li­tu­di­ne. Non sei un vi­si­ta­to­re, sei par­te del­la cit­tà” (gli olan­de­si Ki­ki e Jo­g­chem); “So­no de­ter­mi­na­ta a pro­va­re al­tre ca­set­te di Swee­ts, non c’è mi­glior mo­do per co­no­sce­re la cit­tà” (Su­ki dal Su­da­fri­ca). com­men­ts from en­thu­sia­stic users ha­ve al­rea­dy ap­pea­red on the web­pa­ge (swee­tsho­tel.am­ster­dam): “A uni­que, small, cha­rac­ter hou­se in the cen­tre of Am­ster­dam [...]. No ho­tel lob­by, no night por­ter, no lift, and no long ho­tel cor­ri­dors, ju­st your ve­ry own front door and so­me won­der­ful so­li­tu­de. You are not a vi­si­tor, you are a part of the ci­ty” (the Dut­ch Ki­ki and Jo­g­chem); “I am de­fi­ni­te­ly trig­ge­red to stay in mo­re Swee­ts brid­ge hou­ses, I think the­re is no bet­ter way to ex­plo­re Am­ster­dam!” (Su­ki from Ca­pe To­wn)

The 28 brid­ge hou­ses we­re built of iron, steel, wood and con­cre­te over the cour­se of the la­st 100 years and are ex­tre­me­ly va­ried in their cha­rac­te­ri­stics. So­me of them are lo­ca­ted in se­mi-su­bur­ban areas, far from the bu­stle of the cen­tre, and others in...

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