Li­bri

Abitare - - SOMMARIO - Gia­co­mo “Pi­raz” Pi­raz­zo­li)

So­no fi­nal­men­te di­spo­ni­bi­li le con­fe­ren­ze del bra­si­lia­no Ro­ber­to Bur­le Marx (19091994), in­no­va­to­re del pae­sag­gi­smo del No­ve­cen­to. Si strat­ta di scritti di at­tua­lis­si­mo in­te­res­se ap­pron­ta­ti in va­rie oc­ca­sio­ni nel cor­so del­la vi­ta, che con­tri­bui­sco­no a ri­co­strui­re la fi­gu­ra di que­sto pro­get­ti­sta qua­le ri­cer­ca­to­re e pon­te con i gran­di scien­zia­ti-viag­gia­to­ri na­tu­ra­li­sti te­de­schi qua­li von Mar­tius, von Spix, von Hum­boldt – un orien­ta­men­to cul­tu­ra­le che ere­di­tò for­man­do­si in Ger­ma­nia per DNA fa­mi­lia­re. Ac­can­to a que­sti con­ti­nui ri­fe­ri­men­ti sto­ri­ci c’è un mon­do di ri­cer­ca e spe­ri­men­ta­zio­ne che fu la vi­ta stes­sa di Bur­le Marx, con i viag­gi di stu­dio at­tra­ver­so il con­ti­nen­te bra­si­lia­no e il ri­tor­no al “sí­tio” di Bar­ra di Gua­ra­ti­ba ac­qui­sta­to nel 1949 e a par­ti­re dal 1973 di­ve­nu­to ca­sa-la­bo­ra­to­rio-vi­va­io ol­tre che luo­go dell’ani­ma. Lì la ri­cer­ca sul­le pian­te au­toc­to­ne – og­gi tra i suoi me­ri­ti ri­co­no­sciu­ti – di­ven­ta cam­po dell’os­ser­va­zio­ne e dell’ibri­da­zio­ne sa­pien­te­men­te gui­da­ta, che que­ste Lectures an­co­ra una vol­ta di­sge­la­no. ( The lectures of the great Bra­zi­lian land­sca­pe ar­chi­tect Ro­ber­to Bur­le Marx (1909–1994), in­no­va­tor of twen­tie­th-cen­tu­ry land­sca­pe design, are fi­nal­ly avai­la­ble. De­li­ve­red over the cour­se of se­ve­ral de­ca­des, the lectures still re­so­na­te stron­gly to­day, hel­ping us re­con­struct the fi­gu­re of this de­si­gner, re­sear­cher, and brid­ge to the great na­tu­ral scien­tists and ex­plo­rers – in­clu­ding the Ger­mans von Mar­tius, von Spix, and von Hum­boldt, a cul­tu­ral orien­ta­tion he as­si­mi­la­ted du­ring his stu­dies in Ber­lin (his fa­ther was Ger­man) – who cho­se Bra­zil as their field of ob­ser­va­tion. Amid­st the­se fre­quent hi­sto­ri­cal re­fe­ren­ces, Bur­le Marx lays out the world of re­sear­ch that was li­fe itself to him, wi­th his stu­dy trips across Bra­zil and the ma­te­rial he brought back to his re­si­den­ce in the Bar­ra de Gua­ra­ti­ba nei­gh­bou­rhood of Rio de Ja­nei­ro. Pur­cha­sed in 1949, the Sí­tio Ro­ber­to Bur­le Marx was his work­shop and plant nur­se­ry, the abo­de of his soul, and his ho­me from 1973 un­til his dea­th. His lectures di­scuss the re­sear­ch he con­duc­ted there on na­ti­ve plant spe­cies, his keen ob­ser­va­tions and ex­pe­ri­men­ts wi­th hy­bri­di­za­tion, whi­ch brought him in­ter­na­tio­nal re­co­gni­tion.

In al­to / Top, Co­pa­ca­ba­na Ave­ni­da Atlân­ti­ca, Rio de Ja­nei­ro, 1970. Qui so­pra, dall’al­to / Abo­ve, from top: Mi­ni­ste­ro dell’edu­ca­zio­ne e del­la Salute / Mi­ni­stry of Edu­ca­tion and Health, Rio de Ja­nei­ro, 1938-1942; Ban­co Sa­fra, roof gar­den, São Pau­lo, 1983; se­de / hea­d­quar­ters Pe­tro­bras, Rio de Ja­nei­ro, 1969.

Ro­ber­to Bur­le Marx. Lectures Ga­re­th Do­her­ty (ed) pho­to­gra­phs by Leo­nar­do Fi­not­ti Lars Mül­ler, 2018 pp. 288, € 30

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