Jamaica Gleaner - - HEALTH - Yourhealth@glean­erjm.com

to the 2008 Re­pro­duc­tive Health Sur­vey, 40 per cent of women had a child be­fore they reached the age of 20 years and 85 per cent of th­ese preg­nan­cies were un­planned.

A girl is more likely to ex­pe­ri­ence un­wanted preg­nancy un­der cir­cum­stances of so­cial ex­clu­sion, poverty, marginal­iza­tion and gen­der in­equal­ity, where she is un­able to fully en­joy or ex­er­cise her ba­sic hu­man rights, or where ac­cess to health care, school­ing, in­for­ma­tion, ser­vices and eco­nomic op­por­tu­ni­ties are lim­ited. In the Caribbean, among ado­les­cents who en­gage in risky sex­ual be­hav­iours, th­ese ac­tions may stem from so­cial, fi­nan­cial/eco­nomic and cul­tural fac­tors that must be ad­dressed if the ado­les­cent birth rate and sex­ual risk-tak­ing among ado­les­cents are to be re­duced.

It has been said that other in­flu­encers that place young peo­ple at risk and fur­ther un­der­score the need for them to use a con­tra­cep­tive to avert preg­nancy or the con­trac­tion of an STI in­clude:

Be­ing sub­jects of co­erced



IIIPeer pres­sure to en­gage in

Pow­er­less­ness in ne­go­ti­at­ing con­tra­cep­tive use.

Non-use of con­tra­cep­tive at first sex.

Poverty. Strate­gies that the NFPBSHA has re­port­edly im­ple­mented as part of its ZIKV cam­paign to avert ad­verse fe­tal

Eggs are rich in bi­otin and iron, which help to pro­mote healthy, youth­ful skin and hair. Rich in good choles­terol, eggs can be con­sumed daily. out­comes as well as pro­tect the coun­try’s young peo­ple, and the wider pub­lic, are var­ied.

When con­tacted, the ex­ec­u­tive direc­tor of the NFPBSHA, Dr Denise Che­vannes, said th­ese have in­cluded:

En­sur­ing ad­e­quate stock lev­els of con­tra­cep­tives for dis­tri­bu­tion is­land­wide, through the re­gional health au­thor­i­ties.

Pro­vid­ing ed­u­ca­tional ma­te­rial on con­tra­cep­tives as well as ZIKV to pub­lic health fa­cil­i­ties, other agen­cies and in­di­vid­u­als.

In­creas­ing ra­dio, print and tele­vi­sion ad­ver­tis­ing to high­light con­tra­cep­tive use in preg­nancy preven­tion. Face-to-face in­ter­ven­tions. Train­ing com­mu­nity peer ed­u­ca­tors and teen moth­ers.

Up­dat­ing the en­tity’s web­site and so­cial me­dia pres­ence.

The ‘Choose 2’ (dual-method use of a con­dom and an­other con­tra­cep­tive method to pre­vent sex­ual trans­mis­sion of HIV, sex­u­ally trans­mit­ted in­fec­tions and Zika as well as un­planned preg­nan­cies) cam­paign of the NFPB-SHA seeks to, among other things, bring about aware­ness of the con­tra­cep­tive op­tions. The cam­paign has been ramped up to sup­port the Min­istry of Health’s na­tional cam­paign to elim­i­nate the spread of the Zika virus, es­pe­cially as it re­lates to its po­ten­tially harm­ful ef­fect on preg­nan­cies.

For decades, the lo­cal pro­gramme has been sup­ported by key fund­ing part­ners to ad­dress the high in­ci­dence of ado­les­cent preg­nancy by in­creas­ing pub­lic aware­ness of ASRH is­sues, and pro­vid­ing in­creased ac­cess to SRH com­modi­ties for ado­les­cents with a view to ad­dress­ing pre­vail­ing chal­lenges.



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