The needs sat­is­fied through employment

Jamaica Gleaner - - YL: FEATURE - YVONNE HAR­VEY Con­trib­u­tor Yvonne Har­vey is an in­de­pen­dent con­trib­u­tor. Send ques­tions and com­ments to kerry-ann.hep­burn@glean­erjm.com

GOOD DAY, ev­ery­one. The spe­cific ob­jec­tive of this les­son is that you should be able to dis­cuss the per­sonal needs that are sat­is­fied through employment. The needs that will be con­sid­ered are economic, so­cial, psy­cho­log­i­cal and phys­i­o­log­i­cal needs.

I am sure you will agree that most peo­ple spend a large per­cent­age of their time at work. It is ob­vi­ous, there­fore, that they must get some amount of sat­is­fac­tion from their jobs. What con­sti­tutes job sat­is­fac­tion?

Like many, you may re­spond that a job that pays well is sat­is­fy­ing. You may, there­fore, re­gard the need for money to be the chief need that is sat­is­fied through work. It is true that for many per­sons the main re­ward of work is money. How­ever, this fac­tor may not be im­por­tant to some who may have other dom­i­nant fac­tors that make their work sat­is­fy­ing. Of­ten, it is a com­bi­na­tion of fac­tors that causes peo­ple to work, and that makes them sat­is­fied with their jobs.

We will now con­sider the main needs that are sat­is­fied through work. These needs may be per­ceived as the re­wards of work and, ul­ti­mately, they result in peo­ple want­ing to work rather than stay­ing at home.

First of all, we have the economic needs. Here we look at the fact that peo­ple work to get money so as to be able to sus­tain them­selves. Money is needed for food, cloth­ing, shel­ter, bill pay­ments, etc. It is also a means of ac­quir­ing ma­te­rial pos­ses­sions and power.

Sec­ond, we have the so­cial needs. For many, the main re­ward of work is that it en­ables them to so­cialise with their col­leagues dur­ing, be­fore and af­ter work­ing hours. They of­ten join clubs, so­ci­eties and other so­cial groups, for ex­am­ple, sports clubs, as a means of fos­ter­ing the kind of in­ter­ac­tion that they de­sire. Through so­cial­iza­tion, peo­ple of­ten learn to do things that they could not do be­fore, and this makes their job sat­is­fy­ing. Through com­mu­ni­ca­tion at the work­place, many per­sons are kept ‘alive’.

The third rea­son why peo­ple work is to ful­fil the psy­cho­log­i­cal needs. Work al­lows many peo­ple to ex­er­cise their tal­ents, and espe­cially if the work is chal­leng­ing, they will feel proud of the end result. When peo­ple achieve their ac­tual po­ten­tial, they will feel self-ful­fill­ment and the de­sire to work will be even stronger.

Fi­nally, we have the phys­i­o­log­i­cal needs. Here, work is seen as a means of keep­ing the worker fit and ac­tive. Many old-age pen­sion­ers con­tinue to work af­ter they have reached the age of retirement for this very rea­son. Work pro­vides a means of get­ting rid of bore­dom and many house­wives choose to go out to work for this par­tic­u­lar re­ward. Now, work on this ques­tion re­lated to the in­for­ma­tion in this les­son.

The pro­duc­tion manager of De Valt Bev­er­ages Lim­ited ob­served that some em­ploy­ees never ac­cepted the com­pany’s of­fer to work over­time for twice the rate of nor­mal hours. A few oth­ers, how­ever, were al­ways re­quest­ing over­time work. Mr Bunker, who works in an­other de­part­ment, do­nated most of his pay to char­ity. (a) (i) List three ma­jor needs that are sat­is­fied through work. (3 marks) (ii) For each need listed in (a) (i) above, dis­cuss what man­age­ment can do to help work­ers to re­alise some needs. (6 marks) (b) Sug­gest, giv­ing rea­sons in each case, what needs seem to be crit­i­cal for: (i) Em­ploy­ees who al­ways re­quested over­time work. (ii) Em­ploy­ees who never ac­cepted over­time work. (iii) Mr Bunker, who do­nated most of his pay to char­ity (9 marks) (c) In­di­cate the type of in­cen­tive that might mo­ti­vate Mr Bunker to work harder, giv­ing a rea­son for your an­swer. (2 marks) To­tal marks: 20 Which need or needs would cause you to want to work? Think about it. Next week, we will be­gin Sec­tion 3 of the syl­labus. Have a good week.

Tandi Ameer­ally (left) of the United Na­tions Pop­u­la­tion Fund speaks with stu­dents of the Gar­vey Maceo High School at the launch of the 2016 State of the World Pop­u­la­tion re­port, held at the Plan­ning In­sti­tute of Ja­maica in Kingston on Fri­day Novem­ber 11.

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