HRW says torture still happening in Bahrain
Egypt kills five Sudanese migrants on Israel border
NICOSIA: Bahraini security forces are torturing detainees during interrogation as regulatory bodies set up after the 2011 uprising “lack independence” and officials are not held accountable, Human Rights Watch said yesterday. Sunni-ruled Bahrain, a key ally of the West, has been rocked by a Shiite-led uprising since Feb 2011. Scores of opponents have been detained, with many facing trial, while others convicted of involvement in violence have been handed heavy sentences, including loss of citizenship and life in prison.
In its 84-page report, HRW said it interviewed 10 detainees “who said they endured coercive interrogations” by authorities. The New York-based group cited four other inmates of Jaw prison “who said authorities had tortured them in March 2015”, four years since reforms that were announced after the initial revolt was crushed. Reported physical assaults include “being subjected to electric shocks; suspension in painful positions, including by their wrists while handcuffed; forced standing; extreme cold; and sexual abuse,” HRW said.
In one case, a detainee in the report described an officer shoving something under his nose and being told it was “the blood of people who don’t cooperate”. One said officers beat his genitals with a hose and penetrated him with their fingers. Another told HRW that officers threatened to rape his wife. The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI), set up by King Hamad to probe allegations of government wrongdoing, said in a Nov 2011 report that police had used “excessive force” and tortured detainees in that year’s crackdown on opponents. More than four years later, the situation remains unchanged despite the government establishing three bodies to end torture in interrogation and detention facilities, according to HRW.
“Bahrain can’t claim any progress on torture while its anti-torture institutions lack independence and transparency and until it takes some serious steps to address the complete lack of accountability for the abuse of detainees,” said HRW’s deputy Middle East and North Africa director Joe Stork. “The CAIRO: Egyptian border forces shot dead five Sudanese migrants trying to cross from Egypt’s turbulent North Sinai region into Israel yesterday, the military said in a statement. “Law enforcement tasked with protecting the border spotted at dawn today a group of Africans trying to sneak through the international border in cooperation with criminal elements involved in illegal immigration,” the military said. “The force fired several warning shots and moved to arrest those trespassers who shot at the security force. The force engaged them, killing five, injuring six and arresting five more. All of them were Sudanese.”
North Sinai, which is bordered to the east by Israel and the Gaza Strip, is the epicentre of an Islamist militant insurgency. Militants claims of Bahrain and its allies that authorities have ended torture in detention are simply not credible. All the available evidence supports the conclusion that these new institutions have not effectively tackled what the BICI report described as a ‘culture of impunity’ among security forces,” said Stork.
These institutions, controlled by the interior ministry and public prosecutor, provide “little” information on “complaints, investigations and prosecutions”, the watchdog said. The tiny but strategic kingdom’s authorities should ensure that these bodies are neutral and form a civilian committee of independent experts to guarantee this, said HRW. It urged Bahrain to “issue an immediate and open invitation to the UN special rapporteur on torture to conduct a country visit and allow unfettered access to detainees and all places of detention”.
On Friday, Bahraini authorities announced that an investigation was underway into detainees’ complaints of ill-treatment by police guards. Interior ministry undersecretary, Major General Khalid Salem Al-Absi, said in a statement on the official BNA news agency that “initial investigations were conducted and a number of policemen named in the complaints were identified, suspended and the case was referred to the public prosecution.” He insisted that if proven, the abuses “involve individual cases of misconduct that go against the principles and values of the interior ministry.”
In May, a Bahraini court jailed six police officers for up to five years after convicting them of torturing inmates, one of whom died. In 2013, an appeals court cut from seven years to three the jail terms of two policemen convicted of torturing a Shiite detainee to death. That same year, the jail term of a policeman convicted of shooting dead a protester in 2011 was also reduced from seven years to three. Bahrain is home to the US Fifth Fleet and work began in the kingdom on October 31 to construct Britain’s first permanent military base in the Middle East since 1971. — AFP there have killed hundreds of soldiers and police. On Nov 15, Egyptian police found the bodies of 15 African migrants who appeared to have been shot dead in the same region, security sources said at the time. They said another eight migrants had been wounded in that incident and that it was not clear who had attacked the migrants or which countries they had originated from. Sudan’s foreign minister said the migrants from the Nov 15 incident were also Sudanese and that 16, not 15, had been killed. He said the Egyptian police had killed them. “We can confirm (that) Egyptian police killed 16 Sudanese people as they tried to go to Israel and we will (follow up with) Egyptian authorities investigating this case,” the minister, Ibrahim Ghandour, told Sudan’s parliament yesterday. —Reuters
MANAMA: In this Jan 18, 2012 file photo, Hassan Al-Marzooq, deputy general secretary of the opposition National Democratic Assemblage society, runs across a street as riot police move in to disperse anti-government protesters. —AP