Tsars’ and sul­tans’ con­stant wars

Kuwait Times - - FROM THE ARABIC PRESS - By Sami Al-Nisf

The world has wit­nessed a se­ries of con­tin­u­ous ma­jor wars be­tween Rus­sian tsars and Ot­toman sul­tans from the 16th cen­tury till the be­gin­ning of the 20th cen­tury, dur­ing which the Ot­tomans lost six suc­ces­sive wars since the 17681774 war till the 1877-1878 war. Con­se­quently, the Ot­tomans lost the Crimean penin­sula, con­trol over the Bospho­rus Strait and had to grant in­de­pen­dence to many of the Balkans as a re­sult of such wars.

One of the main rea­sons of World War I was the tsar’s am­bi­tion to con­trol the Ot­toman sul­tan’s ter­ri­to­ries. Rus­sia was the third party in the Sykes-Pi­cot agree­ment that gave Iraq to Bri­tain, Le­vant to France and parts of Tur­key and north­ern Per­sia to Rus­sia, which only gave up claim­ing its cut when the Bol­she­vik Revo­lu­tion erupted and civil wars started be­tween the Whites and Reds.

Con­stant wars be­tween tsars and sul­tans and suc­ces­sive rev­o­lu­tions in both em­pires weak­ened both and led to their col­li­sion 100 years ago when Rus­sia sharply shifted to left­ism led by Com­mu­nist leader Lenin and Tur­key shifted to the ex­treme right un­der the lead­er­ship of Ataturk. The Cold War be­tween East and West and be­tween NATO and War­saw pacts strongly con­trib­uted to widen­ing the gaps be­tween both sides and that is why the com­pli­ca­tions of shoot­ing the Rus­sian fighter jet by Tur­key can­not be per­ceived with­out men­tion­ing this his­toric back­ground.

It is funny that Rus­sia gets an­gry and ac­cel­er­ates things be­cause Tur­key shot down one of it very old mil­i­tary fight­ers for breach­ing its airspace, killing one of its pi­lots, while Rus­sia (for­mer Soviet Union) shot down a South Korean com­mer­cial flight killing all 269 pas­sen­gers on­board for ac­ci­dently en­ter­ing its airspace in 1983. At that time, Rus­sia in­sisted that it had ev­ery right to shoot down any mil­i­tary or civil­ian plane breach­ing its airspace af­ter warn­ing it. — Trans­lated by Kuwait Times

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