US retail sales rebounds
Strong auto purchases buoy retail sales; inflation stirring
US retail sales rebounded in September amid a surge in motor vehicle purchases and a rise in discretionary spending, pointing to sustained domestic demand that reinforces expectations of an interest rate increase from the Federal Reserve in December. Other data yesterday suggested a pickup in inflation, with producer prices rising broadly last month to record their biggest year-on-year increase since December 2014. The reports were the latest indication that the economy regained momentum in the third quarter after a lackluster firsthalf performance.
The Commerce Department said retail sales increased 0.6 percent after declining 0.2 percent in August. Sales were up 2.7 percent from a year ago. Excluding automobiles, gasoline, building materials and food services, retail sales edged up 0.1 percent last month, reversing August’s 0.1 percent drop. These so-called core retail sales correspond most closely with the consumer spending component of gross domestic product.
“We see nothing in the broader picture to raise any concerns about the health of consumption in the period ahead, as we continue to see tightening labor markets and an uptrend in wage gains as supporting such spending,” said Anthony Karydakis, chief economic strategist at Miller Tabak in New York. Economists had forecast overall retail sales increasing 0.6 percent and core sales advancing 0.4 percent last month. Minutes of the Fed’s Sept. 20-21 policy meeting published on Wednesday showed several officials believed it would be appropriate to increase interest rates “relatively soon” if the economy continued to gain strength.
The US central bank raised its benchmark overnight interest rate last December and has held it steady since, largely because of concerns over low inflation. But inflation appears to be rising steadily. In a separate report, the Labor Department said its producer price index for final demand increased 0.3 percent last month after being unchanged in August. In the 12 months through September, the PPI jumped 0.7 percent, the biggest increase since December 2014. The PPI was flat in the 12 months through August. A 0.7 percent increase in the cost of goods, including energy, accounted for more than three quarters of the rise in final demand prices.
Producer prices are rising as some of the drag from the dollar’s past surge starts to ease. The dollar rally appears to have peaked early this year and oil prices having pushed off multi-decade lows, which economists expect could allow inflation to gradually rise toward the Fed’s 2 percent target. US stock futures pared gains slightly after the data. The dollar held gains, while US Treasuries trimmed losses. The Atlanta Fed is currently forecasting the economy growing at a 2.1 percent annualized rate in the third quarter after a 1.4 percent expansion pace in the second quarter.
Auto sales rose 1.1 percent last month after slipping 0.3 percent in August. Retail sales were also boosted by receipts at service stations, which jumped 2.4 percent as gasoline prices increased. Sales at online retailers rose 0.3 percent. Despite core retail sales rising modestly last month, households are boosting discretionary spending. Sales at restaurants and bars advanced 0.8 percent, the largest gain since February, and receipts at sporting goods and hobby stores surged 1.4 percent. There were also strong increases in sales at furniture and building material stores. But sales at electronics and appliance outlets fell 0.9 percent and receipts at clothing stores were flat.
OHIO: Megan Johnson counts money from a sale at Chagrin Hardware in Chagrin Falls, Ohio. Yesterday, the Commerce Department released US retail sales data for September.