55 world her­itage sites in dan­ger

Kuwait Times - - WEEKENDER -

Fifty-five out of a to­tal of 1,052 her­itage sites around the world fea­ture on the UN cul­tural or­gan­i­sa­tion’s World Her­itage in Dan­ger list. By list­ing such sites, UNESCO is seek­ing to mo­bi­lize the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to pro­tect them. Dur­ing its 40th ses­sion in July, 2016, in Is­tan­bul, UNESCO’s World Her­itage Com­mit­tee added sites in Mali and Uzbek­istan to the list, along with Libya’s five world her­itage sites which have al­ready been dam­aged by con­flict in the North African coun­try.

In­ter­na­tional pro­tec­tion

Con­flict, earthquakes and other nat­u­ral dis­as­ters, pol­lu­tion, poach­ing, un­con­trolled ur­ban­iza­tion and unchecked tourism de­vel­op­ment pose ma­jor prob­lems to world her­itage sites, UNESCO says. It lists two cat­e­gories of dan­gers: ei­ther “as­cer­tained”-spe­cific and proven im­mi­nent threats-or “po­ten­tial”, when prop­erty faces threats which could neg­a­tively af­fect its world her­itage value.

Adding a site to the list al­lows the al­lo­ca­tion of im­me­di­ate World Her­itage Fund as­sis­tance to the en­dan­gered prop­erty. It also alerts the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to these sit­u­a­tions in the hope that it will join ef­forts to save the en­dan­gered sites, and al­lows con­ser­va­tion spe­cial­ists to re­spond ef­fi­ciently to spe­cific needs.

Some en­dan­gered sites

Afghanistan: ar­chae­o­log­i­cal re­mains of Jam (2002) and the Bamiyan Val­ley (2003). Iraq: Ashur (2003), Ha­tra (2015) and Sa­marra Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal City (2007). Jerusalem: Old City and its walls (1982). Mali: Tomb of Askia (2012), Tim­buktu (2012), Old Towns of Djenne (2016).

Niger: Air and Tenere nat­u­ral re­serves (1992).

Syria: An­cient cities of Aleppo (2013), Bosra (2013) and Da­m­as­cus (2013), an­cient vil­lages of north­ern Syria (2013), Crac des Che­va­liers and Qal’at Salah ElDin (2013), Palmyra (2013).

Ye­men: His­toric town of Zabid (2000), old city of Sanaa (2015), old walled city of Shibam (2015).

Nu­mer­ous na­tional parks are also listed, in­clud­ing in the Demo­cratic Repub­lic of Congo, the Cen­tral African Repub­lic and Sene­gal. The Ever­glades Na­tional Park in the US state of Florida was listed in 2010.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Kuwait

© PressReader. All rights reserved.