Key res­o­lu­tions of GCC sum­mits since 1981

Kuwait Times - - LOCAL -

Bahrain’s cap­i­tal, Manama, will host the GCC Sum­mit on De­cem­ber 6-7 to dis­cuss sev­eral is­sues and rel­e­vant dossiers on the pro­mo­tion of the GCC march and de­vel­op­ments in the region. In this re­gard, the res­o­lu­tion taken in 1981 to form the Gulf Co­op­er­a­tion Coun­cil (GCC) mem­ber states was a quan­tum leap and a real rep­re­sen­ta­tion of sev­eral bonds amongst mem­ber states. The res­o­lu­tion was also a key step to up­grade GCC re­la­tions and ad­dress sev­eral chal­lenges.

This re­port re­views the key res­o­lu­tions taken by GCC sum­mits be­tween 1981-2015:

Abu Dhabi Sum­mit in 1981: The Gulf lead­ers an­nounced of­fi­cially the for­ma­tion of Gulf Co­op­er­a­tion Coun­cil and stressed that guar­an­tee­ing sta­bil­ity in the region is re­lated to achiev­ing peace in the Mid­dle East through find­ing a “fair’ so­lu­tion to the Pales­tinian cause.

Riyadh Sum­mit in 1981: GCC lead­ers agreed the eco­nomic agree­ment with the aim of re­mov­ing ob­sta­cles amongst mem­ber states and strength­en­ing bonds amongst the region’s na­tions.

Manama Sum­mit in 1982: The Gulf coun­cil agreed on es­tab­lish­ing the Gulf In­vest­ment Cor­po­ra­tion with a cap­i­tal of USD 2.2 bil­lion and trans­fer­ring the Saudi Ara­bian Stan­dards Or­ga­ni­za­tion into a Gulf body tasked with spec­i­fi­ca­tions and stan­dards in the GCC coun­tries.

Kuwait Sum­mit in 1984: The Gulf coun­cil ap­proved the for­mula gov­ern­ing the right of ci­ti­zens’ pos­ses­sion in GCC mem­ber states.

Mus­cat Sum­mit in 1985: GCC lead­ers agreed to set a dead­line to im­ple­ment GCC eco­nomic activities and ap­proved the uni­fied agri­cul­tural and strate­gi­cal pol­icy of in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment.

Abu Dhabi Sum­mit in 1986: GCC ap­proved rec­om­men­da­tions on mil­i­tary co­op­er­a­tion and al­low­ing GCC ci­ti­zens to get loans from in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment banks and funds.

Riyadh Sum­mit in 1987: The Supreme Coun­cil of GCC states en­dorsed the lend­ing oil sys­tem amongst mem­ber states and the coun­cil au­tho­rized min­is­ters to start of­fi­cial ne­go­ti­a­tions with the eco­nomic group.

Manama Sum­mit 1988: The Supreme Coun­cil agreed on al­low­ing GCC ci­ti­zens to own shares at joint­stock com­pa­nies op­er­at­ing in eco­nomic activities in ac­cor­dance with equal­ity and the pro­posed rules.

Doha Sum­mit in 1990: The Supreme Coun­cil con­demned the Iraqi oc­cu­pa­tion of

Kuwait and stressed the ab­so­lute sup­port and sol­i­dar­ity of GCC gov­ern­ments and na­tions with Kuwaitis to lib­er­ate their ter­ri­to­ries

The coun­cil lauded stead­fast­ness of Kuwaitis and their re­jec­tion to the oc­cu­pa­tion as well as the abid­ance by their legal govern­ment un­der the lead­er­ship of the His High­ness late Amir Sheikh Jaber Al-Ah­mad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.

The coun­cil re­it­er­ated its call for Iraq to re­spect in­ter­na­tional con­ven­tions, char­ters and norms signed with Kuwait, call­ing on it to with­draw from all Kuwaiti ter­ri­to­ries.

Abu Dhabi in 1992: The Supreme Coun­cil ex­tolled the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil Res­o­lu­tion 773 that stressed the need to re­spect the Kuwaiti-Iraqi bor­ders, wel­com­ing the steps taken by the UN on the de­mar­ca­tion of bor­ders be­tween Kuwait and Iraq.

Kuwait Sum­mit 1997: The Supreme Coun­cil ap­proved three sys­tems for the preser­va­tion and pro­mo­tion of natural habi­tat, han­dling of ra­dioac­tive ma­te­ri­als and waste man­age­ment, in­clud­ing the mea­sures that must be com­plied with when mov­ing haz­ardous waste across the bor­ders of mem­ber states.

Mus­cat Sum­mit in 2001: The Supreme Coun­cil okayed the GCC eco­nomic agree­ment as a re­place­ment of the uni­fied eco­nomic one en­dorsed in 1981. The coun­cil en­dorsed the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the cus­toms union on Jan­uary 1, 2003, and the re­duc­tion of the uni­fied cus­toms tar­iff.

Doha Sum­mit in 2002: The lead­ers ap­proved a doc­u­ment, which con­tains the pe­tro­leum strat­egy for the GCC states and rat­i­fied the Re­gional Emer­gency Plan for Pe­tro­leum Prod­ucts of the mem­ber states. The Gulf Cus­toms Union be­comes re­al­ity; un­der the union, which was to take ef­fect in Jan­uary 2003, the GCC would be­come a “sin­gle cus­toms zone” in which a uni­fied 5 per cent tar­iff is ap­plied.

Kuwait Sum­mit in 2003: The war on Iraq was the top of the sum­mit’s agenda. The Coun­cil stressed its sym­pa­thy and sol­i­dar­ity with Iraqis in their dis­tress be­cause of se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tions there.

Manama Sum­mit in 2004: The coun­cil called on the UN to co­op­er­ate with the in­terim Iraqi govern­ment so as to re­turn the Kuwaiti pos­ses­sions and the na­tional archive con­trolled by the for­mer Iraqi regime dur­ing the oc­cu­pa­tion.

Abu Dhabi Sum­mit in 2005: The coun­cil en­dorsed a doc­u­ment on stan­dard trade pol­icy, aimed at uni­fy­ing for­eign trade poli­cies for the GCC coun­tries so as to en­able them deal with the out­side world as a sin­gle eco­nomic bloc.

Riyadh Sum­mit in 2006: The Coun­cil ap­proved a law on GCC trade­marks reg­u­lat­ing trade re­la­tions and their regis­tra­tion mea­sures.

Doha Sum­mit in 2007: The coun­cil ex­pressed its sat­is­fac­tion over the launch of the Gulf Com­mon Mar­ket, with ef­fect from Jan­uary 1, 2008. The coun­cil ap­proved the de­vel­op­ment of re­tail and whole­sale in line with the re­quire­ments of the joint Gulf mar­ket.

Mus­cat Sum­mit in 2008: The GCC lead­ers wel­comed the co­or­di­na­tive coun­cil be­tween Saudi Ara­bia and Qatar on ce­ment­ing and up­grad­ing the bi­lat­eral re­la­tions.

Kuwait Sum­mit in 2009: The coun­cil ap­proved the prin­ci­ple of equal­ity amongst GCC ci­ti­zens in vo­ca­tional ed­u­ca­tion and the GCC de­fense strat­egy as well as the de­vel­op­ment of the Penin­sula Shield Forces.

Abu Dhabi Sum­mit in 2010: The GCC al­lowed Gulf com­pa­nies to in­au­gu­rate branches in GCC states.

Manama 2012: The GCC ap­proved the de­ci­sion taken by the Joint De­fence Coun­cil and the es­tab­lish­ment of a joint mil­i­tary com­mand.

Kuwait Sum­mit in 2013: The GCC lead­ers de­cided to form a joint mil­i­tary com­mand and asked the Joint De­fence Coun­cil to take the re­quired mea­sures for this pur­pose. They con­demned strongly the con­tin­ued geno­cides com­mit­ted by Syria’s regime against the Syr­ian peo­ple.

Doha Sum­mit in 2014: The Supreme Coun­cil en­dorsed rec­om­men­da­tions and de­ci­sions by In­te­rior Min­is­ters on es­tab­lish­ing a Gulf po­lice ap­pa­ra­tus in Abu Dhabi and the ac­cel­er­a­tion of form­ing the joint mil­i­tary com­mand. The coun­cil stressed the GCC com­mit­ment to re­ject­ing ex­trem­ist though.

Riyadh Sum­mit in 2015: The GCC lead­ers af­firmed their sup­port for find­ing po­lit­i­cal so­lu­tions to the Syr­ian cri­sis in ac­cor­dance with the Geneva-1, and to Ye­men’s cri­sis based on the Gulf ini­tia­tive. They called for ac­cel­er­at­ing the steps of mil­i­tary and se­cu­rity co­op­er­a­tion amongst GCC states. —KUNA

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