Per­sua­sive writ­ing

New Straits Times - - Higher Ed - THE IN­TRO­DUC­TION The­sis State­ment (Main idea for your pa­per) OPEN­ING SEN­TENCE CON­TEXT Pro­vide the in­for­ma­tion the reader will need to un­der­stand the topic. THE­SIS STATE­MENT Pro­vide the main idea of the para­graph. SUP­PORT­ING EV­I­DENCE In­clude specif

WHAT is the dif­fer­ence be­tween an ex­pos­i­tory es­say and a per­sua­sive es­say? Ex­pos­i­tory writ­ing aims to in­form or ex­plain while per­sua­sive writ­ing aims to per­suade and con­vince oth­ers. Per­sua­sive writ­ing is a piece of writ­ing in which a writer uses words or sen­tences to con­vince the read­ers of his or her views per­tain­ing to an is­sue. Per­sua­sive writ­ing is pop­u­larly used by many writ­ers to con­vey or sup­port one’s opin­ion. You must have rea­sons from your per­spec­tive and from some­one who thinks the op­po­site of you.

You must also give valid rea­sons to sup­port your cause and ex­plain what the con­se­quences will be if the things you are list­ing are not done. Per­sua­sive writ­ing is like a lawyer ar­gu­ing a case in front of a judge. The writer can stand on an is­sue, ei­ther for or against and build an ar­gu­ment to con­vince the read­ers. A well-writ­ten per­sua­sive ar­ti­cle is sup­ported with a se­ries of facts that help the au­thor ar­gue his or her point. Many writ­ers also in­clude coun­ter­point ar­gu­ments in their pieces which they can de­bunk, show­ing read­ers that they have con­sid­ered both sides of the ar­gu­ment at hand, and that any ar­gu­ments which could be raised against the side of the es­say could be dis­missed.

The ba­sic five-para­graph es­say struc­ture, which you have prob­a­bly used many times by this point, works ex­tremely well for an opin­ion or per­sua­sive es­say.

An opin­ion or per­sua­sive es­say ex­ists to prove your main point — your the­sis. This should be clearly stated in your in­tro­duc­tory para­graph. Don’t leave the reader to guess what your po­si­tion is on the is­sue. You have to make a clear stand!

Next, de­velop your ar­gu­ment in the body of your es­say. Each para­graph should con­tain a sin­gle, clear idea that sup­ports your point of view. You can use ex­am­ples and il­lus­tra­tion, cause-and-ef­fect rea­son­ing, com­par­i­son/con­trast or other meth­ods of de­vel­op­ment to sup­port your ar­gu­ment.

Do note that a para­graph is three to five sen­tences that de­velop a sin­gle, clear idea. A good para­graph of­ten be­gins with a topic sen­tence that sums up your main idea.

Para­graph 1:

AN OUT­LINE OF A TYP­I­CAL FIVE PARA­GRAPH ES­SAY

Start your es­say with a gen­eral state­ment about your topic that catches the reader’s at­ten­tion, a rel­e­vant quo­ta­tion, ques­tion, anec­dote, fas­ci­nat­ing fact, def­i­ni­tion, anal­ogy, the po­si­tion op­pos­ing one you will take, or a dilemma that needs a so­lu­tion. State your ar­guable po­si­tion on the topic that you will sup­port with ev­i­dence in your body para­graphs.

TOPIC SEN­TENCES

ANAL­Y­SIS Con­nect each para­graph with a sen­tence or two that demon­strates how each idea leads into the next, and how they work to­gether to sup­port your po­si­tion.

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