AND BOOSTS ECON­OMY

New Straits Times - - Letters -

fu­els such as coal.

The 2016 En­ergy Com­mis­sion re­port stated that 24.63 mil­lion tonnes of coal were used at power sta­tions.

In Penin­su­lar Malaysia, coal is im­ported from abroad. Indonesia is the big­gest sup­plier at 56 per cent, fol­lowed by Aus­tralia (30 per cent), Rus­sia (nine per cent) and South Africa (five per cent).

A study on en­ergy con­sump­tion shows that the world will ex­pe­ri­ence a nat­u­ral gas short­age in 60 years. We have enough coal to last 130 years. heav­ily prone to hy­dro-me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal dis­as­ters.

Cli­mate change, ag­gra­vated by phe­nom­ena like El Nino, is not the only driver of dis­as­ter risk, but is the joker in the pack as the world tries to un­der­stand how it com­bines with other key risk fac­tors such as poor risk gov­er­nance, rapid and un­planned ur­ban­i­sa­tion, poverty and en­vi­ron­men­tal degra­da­tion.

Much of this un­der­stand­ing and bet­ter plan­ning needs to be done now at the lo­cal level. Adopt­ing the Sendai Frame­work for Dis­as­ter Risk Re­duc­tion two years ago, UN mem­ber states agreed to in­crease the num­ber of na­tional and lo­cal dis­as­ter risk re­duc­tion strate­gies by 2020.

These strate­gies will be the bedrock for de­creas­ing dis­as­ter losses by 2030 through re­duc­ing

Or­gan­i­sa­tion for Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion and De­vel­op­ment di­rec­tor Mario Pezzini, who is also spe­cial ad­viser to the cen­tre’s sec­re­tary-gen­eral on de­vel­op­ment, said to re­duce cli­mate change and fa­cil­i­tate a tran­si­tion to a low-car­bon econ­omy, it is im­por­tant for Asean coun­tries to ex­plore the po­ten­tials for re­new­able en­ergy.

This is in line with one of the strate­gic thrusts of the Na­tional Cli­mate Change Pol­icy, which con­sol­i­dates the en­ergy pol­icy in­cor­po­rat­ing man­age­ment prac­tices mor­tal­ity, eco­nomic losses and dam­age to crit­i­cal in­fra­struc­ture.

It is im­per­a­tive that we break down si­los that ex­ist be­tween the ex­po­nents of dis­as­ter risk re­duc­tion, whose re­mit ex­tends beyond cli­mate-re­lated haz­ards, and those whose fo­cus is cli­mate ac­tion.

As these na­tional and lo­cal plans are put in place, there is an op­por­tu­nity to en­sure joint ac­tion across the 2030 Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Agenda, in­clud­ing the Paris Cli­mate Change Agree­ment, and an obli­ga­tion to avoid du­pli­ca­tion of ef­fort.

The achieve­ment of many of the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals, in­clud­ing those re­lated to poverty, hunger, cli­mate ac­tion, san­i­ta­tion and clean wa­ter, de­pends on this.

Re­duc­ing green­house gas that en­hance re­new­able en­ergy and en­ergy ef­fi­ciency. The de­vel­op­ment of re­new­able en­ergy sources can re­duce the im­pact of cli­mate change.

The gov­ern­ment should fo­cus on de­vel­op­ing re­new­able en­ergy as it is more prof­itable in re­duc­ing the cost of im­port­ing fos­sil fu­els. It is also safer and can re­duce car­bon emis­sions due to burn­ing fos­sil fu­els to gen­er­ate elec­tric­ity.

NUR IMANI AB­DUL­LAH

Wa­ter and En­ergy Con­sumers As­so­ci­a­tion, Kuala Lumpur

emis­sions and keep­ing global tem­per­a­ture well be­low 2°C are the great­est long-term con­tri­bu­tion that gov­ern­ments, lo­cal gov­ern­ments and the pri­vate sec­tor can make to dis­as­ter risk re­duc­tion.

Mean­while, lo­cal plan­ning for im­proved dis­as­ter risk man­age­ment helps cre­ate a grass­roots, so­ci­etal de­mand for ac­tion and ever ris­ing am­bi­tion na­tion­ally and glob­ally for cli­mate ac­tion above and beyond ex­ist­ing pledges.

ROBERT GLASSER

United Na­tions sec­re­tary-gen­eral’s spe­cial rep­re­sen­ta­tive for Dis­as­ter Risk Re­duc­tion

PA­TRI­CIA ESPINOSA Ex­ec­u­tive sec­re­tary of UN Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change

AFP PIC

A boy sit­ting on an aban­doned boat on what is left of Lake Atescatempa, Gu­atemala, which has dried up due to drought and high tem­per­a­tures. This is a dras­tic re­flec­tion of the im­pact of cli­mate change in Cen­tral Amer­ica.

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