31 million forced to flee wars, disasters in 2016
LONDON: More than 31 million people — one person every second — were uprooted in their home country last year because of conflicts and disasters, and numbers will grow unless the underlying causes like climate change and political turmoil are tackled, an aid group said yesterday.
Nearly seven million people, mostly from sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, were displaced because of conflicts, according to data by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
A further 24 million people, mainly in Asia, were forced to flee to another area of the country because of a natural disaster, IDMC said in a report.
Internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in their own country and can’t claim international protection, IDMC says.
For this reason, IDPs are often overlooked until humanitarian crises spill across borders, said IDMC’s director Alexandra Bilak.
“It can easily fall off the agenda because national governments, in some cases, don’t want to acknowledge it and certainly don’t want anyone external to start looking into the affairs in their sovereign state,” she said.
Last year, conflicts uprooted the most people in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 922,000 fleeing their homes, followed by Syria (824,000) and Iraq (659,000).
But natural disasters displaced three times as many people as conflicts, with more than seven million people in China forced to leave their homes, followed by the Philippines at nearly six million and India at nearly 2.5 million.
Bilak said policymakers urgently needed to address the root causes of displacement and focus more on IDPs since they may well flee to other countries if their situation worsens.
“People who are displaced over long periods of time and face huge threats to their daily safety and security will ultimately have to seek protection elsewhere if they’re not getting it in their country,” she said.
Millions of Syrians were displaced during the first years of the war, Bilak said, fleeing the country in huge numbers in 2014 and 2015, triggering the biggest migration crisis since World War 2.
“Not enough is being spent on prevention and much more is being spent on the symptoms of these crises,” she said.
“The impact of climate change is only going to lead to more extreme weather ... which will put pressure on resources, which will lead to more conflicts and it contribute to that vicious cycle of displacement,” she said. Reuters