Hy­per­ten­sion cases on the rise

The Sun (Malaysia) - - ZEST -

THE NUM­BER of peo­ple across the globe suf­fer­ing from high blood pres­sure has al­most dou­bled over the past four decades, with the big­gest rise in South Asia and Africa, re­searchers said.

“High blood pres­sure is the lead­ing risk fac­tor for stroke and heart dis­ease, and kills around 7.5 mil­lion peo­ple world­wide ev­ery year,” said lead au­thor Prof Ma­jid Ez­zati from the Im­pe­rial Col­lege in Lon­don.

“Taken glob­ally, high blood pres­sure is no longer a prob­lem of the western world or wealthy coun­tries. It is a prob­lem of the world’s poor­est coun­tries and peo­ple.”

Be­tween 1975 and 2015, the tally of adults with high blood pres­sure rose from 594 mil­lion to over 1.1 bil­lion, ac­cord­ing to the over­view, pub­lished in The Lancet med­i­cal jour­nal.

At the same time, high in­come coun­tries such as Aus­tralia, Canada, Ger­many and Ja­pan have made “im­pres­sive re­duc­tions” in the preva­lence of high blood pres­sure, the study found.

The big­gest in­crease in cases was reg­is­tered in low- and mid­dle-in­come coun­tries in sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa, South Asia and some Pa­cific is­land na­tions, re­searchers found.

Around a third of women liv­ing in most West African coun­tries also suf­fer from high blood pres­sure.

Hy­per­ten­sion also re­mains a “se­ri­ous health prob­lem” in sev­eral coun­tries in cen­tral and east­ern Europe, where more than a third of men are liv­ing with the con­di­tion, the pa­per said.

Peo­ple with high blood pres­sure – which is also known as hy­per­ten­sion – have a higher risk of heart dis­ease, stroke, kid­ney dis­ease and de­men­tia.

Ac­cord­ing to the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WHO), blood pres­sure is con­sid­ered as high when it rises to 140/90 and over. – AFP

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Malaysia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.