In­ter­na­tional Think Tank for Land­locked De­vel­op­ing Coun­tries’ agree­ment en­ters into force


The In­ter­na­tional Think Tank (ITT) for the Land­locked De­vel­op­ing Coun­tries (LLDCs) and the United Na­tions Of­fice of the High Rep­re­sen­ta­tive for LLDCs and UN Treaty sec­tion held a press con­fer­ence about the en­try into force of a mul­ti­lat­eral agree­ment for es­tab­lish­ing ITT on Oc­to­ber 6 at the UN head­quar­ters in New York.

UN high rep­re­sen­ta­tive for the Least De­vel­oped Coun­tries, LLDCs and Small Is­land De­vel­op­ing States Feki­ta­moeloa Ka­toa Utoika­manu, Chair of LLDCs and Am­bas­sador and Per­ma­nent Rep­re­sen­ta­tive of Zam­bia to the UN Lazarous Ka­pambwe, and am­bas­sador at-large and in­terim di­rec­tor of ITT for LLDCs E.Od­ba­yar re­ported about the mul­ti­lat­eral agree­ment at the press con­fer­ence.

E.Od­ba­yar noted that at the 2006 meet­ing of LLDCs’ state heads, then Mon­go­lian Pres­i­dent N.Enkhba­yar ini­ti­ated the es­tab­lish­ment of the think tank which was of­fi­cially launched by then UN sec­re­tary gen­eral Ban Ki-moon in July 2009, dur­ing his visit to Mon­go­lia.

He added that the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly adopted res­o­lu­tion A/RES/64/214 on De­cem­ber 21, 2009, which ac­cepted the es­tab­lish­ment of the think tank in Ulaan­baatar, and Ar­ti­cle 12.1 of the agree­ment states that the agree­ment shall en­ter into force on the 60th day af­ter the date of deposit of the 10th in­stru­ment of rat­i­fi­ca­tion, ac­cep­tance, ap­proval or ac­ces­sion on the agree­ment.

E.Od­ba­yar stated that as the mul­ti­lat­eral agree­ment was en­dorsed by Mon­go­lia in 2011; Laos and Ar­me­nia in 2012; Afghanistan in 2013; Kaza­khstan in 2015; Burk­ina Faso and Paraguay in 2016; and Kyr­gyzs­tan, Ta­jik­istan and Nepal in 2017, and Nepal be­came the 10th mem­ber state of ITT for LLDCs on Au­gust 7 of this year, the mul­ti­lat­eral agree­ment has en­tered into force.

Af­ter the press con­fer­ence, a high level lun­cheon event for the group of LLDCs took place on Oc­to­ber 6 in New York.

Dur­ing the event, E.Od­ba­yar re­ported on ITT’s op­er­a­tion for the past three years and fu­ture plans to the event’s at­ten­dees.

He also in­tro­duced re­cent ac­tiv­i­ties car­ried out by ITT to the at­ten­dees, and re­ported the fol­low­ing five dif­fer­ent stud­ies in the ar­eas of in­ter­na­tional trade con­nec­tiv­ity, in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tions tech­nol­ogy, and trans­port con­nec­tiv­ity, which are be­ing con­ducted by the think tank.

1. In­ter­na­tional Trade Con­nec­tiv­ity – Re­vis­it­ing “Dutch Dis­ease”: The Im­pact of For­eign Di­rect In­vest­ment and Eco­nomic Diver­si­fi­ca­tion on the In­ter­na­tional Trade and Food Se­cu­rity of Laos

2. ICT Con­nec­tiv­ity – The Process of Tech­nol­ogy Leapfrog­ging: In­sights from the National ICT In­fra­struc­ture De­vel­op­ment Jour­ney of Azer­bai­jan

3. Trans­port Con­nec­tiv­ity – Mod­el­ing the Po­ten­tial for Avi­a­tion Lib­er­al­iza­tion in Cen­tral Asia

4. Bi­lat­eral Tran­sit and Trans­porta­tion Agree­ments of LLDCs: Ben­e­fits and Bot­tle­necks – Case In­dia and Nepal

5. Re­think­ing Re­gional In­te­gra­tion for LLDCs.

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