To­day in his­tory

Manawatu Standard - - Comment & Opinion -

1066 - Nor­mans un­der Wil­liam the Con­queror de­feat English at Bat­tle of Hast­ings.

1806 - Napoleon Bon­a­parte de­feats Prus­sia at Jena and Sax­ony at Auer­stadt.

1813 - Bavaria de­clares war on France.

1884 - The Mahdi takes Om­dur­man, now Khar­toum, in the Su­dan.

1930 - At­tempted Fas­cist coup in Fin­land.

1947 - Air Force test pi­lot Charles ‘‘Chuck’’ Yea­ger be­comes the first per­son to break the sound bar­rier, fly­ing the ex­per­i­men­tal Bell X-1 rocket plane over Ed­wards Air Force Base in Cal­i­for­nia.

1967 - Com­mu­nist ter­ror­ist bombs in Hong Kong bring to­tal ca­su­al­ties to 21; Bri­tish of­fi­cial kid­napped.

1970 - Death toll in Philip­pines ty­phoon reaches 783.

1977 - Pop­u­lar Amer­i­can singer Bing Crosby col­lapses and dies af­ter a game of golf near Madrid, aged 73.

1995 - Greece lifts its em­bargo on the for­mer Yu­goslav repub­lic of Mace­do­nia which agrees to change its flag and de­clare that it has no claims on Greek ter­ri­tory; A judge or­ders Italy’s for­mer prime min­is­ter Sil­vio Ber­lus­coni to stand trial on cor­rup­tion charges.

1999 - For­mer Tan­za­nian Pres­i­dent Julius Ny­erere, the fa­ther of Tan­za­nian in­de­pen­dence and a sym­bol of Africa’s hopes as it emerged from the shadow of Euro­pean colo­nial rule, dies at 77 of leukaemia.

2002 - Bri­tain sus­pends the North­ern Ire­land as­sem­bly, say­ing di­rect Bri­tish rule was be­ing in­tro­duced over the prov­ince be­cause of ‘‘a loss of con­fi­dence on both sides of the com­mu­nity’’. It was the fourth sus­pen­sion since De­cem­ber 1999.

2004 - Bow­ing to Western pres­sure, Bos­nian Serbs ac­knowl­edge that their forces killed more than 7000 Mus­lims in Sre­brenica in 1995, in what was seen as Europe’s worst atroc­ity since World War II.

2007 - A land­slide trig­gered by lo­cal res­i­dents dig­ging for ru­moured de­posits of gold in an aban­doned mine kills at least 21 peo­ple and in­jures 26 in south­ern Colom­bia.

2010 - The United States en­dorses frag­ile Afghan ef­forts to ne­go­ti­ate peace with the Tal­iban, back­ing off its prior stance that talks with the Tal­iban were pre­ma­ture un­til the war is all but won.

2015 - Pope Fran­cis asks for for­give­ness for re­cent sex scan­dals that have shaken the Vat­i­can – an ap­par­ent ref­er­ence to two cases of pri­ests and gay sex re­vealed the same month.

To­day’s Birth­days:

Ea­mon de Valera, Ir­ish states­man (1882-1975); Dwight Eisen­hower, US gen­eral and 34th pres­i­dent (1890-1969).

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