To­day in his­tory

Otago Daily Times - - DIVERSIONS -

To­day is Thurs­day, Novem­ber 16, the 320th day of 2017. There are 45 days left in the year. High­lights in his­tory on this date:

1272 — King Henry III of Eng­land, who had ruled since 1216, dies and is suc­ceeded by his son, Ed­ward I.

1840 — New Zealand sep­a­rates from New South

Wales to be­come a colony in its own right.

1848 — The first meet­ing of the Leg­isla­tive

Coun­cil of New Zealand is held in Auck­land. 1869 — The Ran­gatira docks at the Rat­tray St jetty with 74 Maori pris­on­ers con­victed in Wellington of high trea­son and sen­tenced to death, which had been com­muted to var­i­ous terms of im­pris­on­ment at Dunedin Jail. One pris­oner died within hours of his ar­rival.

1901 — An es­ti­mated mag­ni­tude 6­7.5 earth­quake cen­tred near Che­viot in North Can­ter­bury causes the first re­ports of liq­ue­fac­tion, mainly in the Ka­iapoi area. Strik­ing at 7.45am, it caused wide­spread dam­age, es­pe­cially to brick build­ings, win­dows and chim­neys. One child is killed by a fall­ing build­ing.

1916 — The first bal­lot of re­servists un­der the

New Zealand Mil­i­tary Ser­vice Act is held.

1917 — Ge­orges Cle­menceau be­comes prime

min­is­ter of France for a sec­ond time.

1918 — Af­ter the break­up of the Aus­troHun­gar­ian em­pire, Hun­gary is pro­claimed an in­de­pen­dent repub­lic.

1920 — Aus­tralian pi­lots Hud­son Fysh and Paul

McGin­ness reg­is­ter the com­pany Queens­land and North­ern Ter­ri­tory Aerial Ser­vices Ltd (Qan­tas).

1933 — Brazil’s Pres­i­dent Ge­tulio Var­gas as­sumes dic­ta­to­rial pow­ers; the United States and the Soviet Union es­tab­lish diplo­matic re­la­tions.

1941 — Nazi Ger­many launches a sec­ond as­sault, which also fails, on Moscow in World War 2.

1952 — Field Mar­shal Pa­pa­gos forms a min­istry

in Greece.

1959 — The Rodgers and Ham­mer­stein mu­si­cal The Sound of Mu­sic pre­mieres in New York, star­ring Mary Martin.

1965 — More than 1000 peo­ple gather at Knight Pt in pour­ing rain to wit­ness Prime Min­is­ter Keith Holyoake of­fi­cially open the new Haast Pass high­way.

1968 — The Soviet Union an­nounces it has launched the world’s largest space­ship to date, the Pro­ton Four.

1970 — Pak­istani of­fi­cials say the death toll in a typhoon and tidal wave that struck the Bay of Ben­gal may reach 500,000.

1971 — Made in 1956, JA 1274, the last steam lo­co­mo­tive to be built at Dunedin’s Hill­side Work­shops, is with­drawn from ser­vice. It is now on dis­play at Toitu Otago Set­tlers Mu­seum.

1988 — Vot­ers in Pak­istan cast bal­lots in their first open elec­tion in more than a decade, re­sult­ing in vic­tory for pop­ulist can­di­date Be­nazir Bhutto.

1989 — South African pres­i­dent F. W. de Klerk an­nounces the scrap­ping of the Sep­a­rate Ameni­ties Act, open­ing up the coun­try’s beaches to all races.

1991 — Boris Yeltsin is­sues a se­ries of de­crees that ef­fec­tively trans­fer con­trol of his repub­lic’s econ­omy from Soviet cen­tral gov­ern­ment to the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion.

1999 — Lake Wakatipu waters spill into cen­tral Queen­stown dur­ing atro­cious weather. The area from Queen­stown Gar­dens through to the lower end of Beach St across Earnslaw Park is cov­ered by 10cm of wa­ter. Wanaka is also threat­ened with flood­ing and all roads out of the town are closed. The Haast Pass high­way and a num­ber of Cen­tral Otago roads are af­fected by slips and swollen creeks.

2003 — Vot­ers in Ser­bia and Mon­tene­gro fail for the third time to elect a pres­i­dent, with turnout reach­ing only ap­prox­i­mately 39%.

To­day’s birthdays:

Ro­man Emperor Tiberius (42BC­AD37); Burgess Mered­ith, US ac­tor (1907­1997); Joanna Pet­tet, Bri­tish ac­tress (1942­); Chris Laid­law, All Black (1943­); David Leisure, US ac­tor (1950­); Andy Dal­ton, All Black (1951­); Griff Rhys Jones, Welsh co­me­dian (1953­); Frank Bruno, Bri­tish heavy­weight boxer (1961­); Diana Krall, Cana­dian jazz singer (1964­); Lisa Bonet, US ac­tress (1967­); Bren­dan Laney, Otago and Scot­tish in­ter­na­tional rugby player (1973­); Mag­gie Gyl­len­haal, US ac­tress (1977­);

Kim­berly J. Brown, US ac­tress (1984­);

Gemma Atkin­son, Bri­tish ac­tress/model (1984­).

Thought for to­day:

Whom God would sorely vex, He en­dows with abun­dant good sense. — Yid­dish proverb.

ODT and agen­cies

JA 1274

Hud­son Fysh

Ge­orges Cle­menceau

Ge­tulio Var­gas

Gemma Atkin­son

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