Otago Daily Times

TO­DAY IN HISTORY

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TO­DAY is Wed­nes­day, Oc­to­ber 14, the 288th day of 2020. There are 78 days left in the year. High­lights in history on this date:

1066 — At the Bat­tle of Hast­ings, William the Con­queror and his Nor­man army de­feat the English forces of Harold II, who is killed in the bat­tle.

1322 — Robert the Bruce, of Scot­land, heav­ily de­feats King Ed­ward II, of Eng­land, at the Bat­tle of Old By­land, north of York. Ed­ward is thus forced to ac­cept the in­de­pen­dence of Scot­land.

1586 — Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial in Eng­land, ac­cused of con­spir­ing against Queen El­iz­a­beth I. Mary was be­headed the fol­low­ing Fe­bru­ary.

1878 — Af­ter more than a week of rain, the bridge over the Clutha River at Cly­de­vale is washed down­stream, where it col­lides with the road bridge at Bal­clutha, causing it to col­lapse also.

The flood­ing in the South Otago area does not be­gin to sub­side un­til two days later and is re­garded as New Zealand’s great­est recorded flood.

1892 — Mother Au­bert, known ini­tially in her re­li­gious life as Sis­ter Mary Joseph, was ap­pointed to the newly es­tab­lished or­der at Hiruharama (Jerusalem) on the Whanganui River. In 2016, Pope Fran­cis de­clared Mother Au­bert ‘‘Ven­er­a­ble’’, an im­por­tant mile­stone on the jour­ney to a per­son be­ing de­clared a saint.

1912 — Theodore Roo­sevelt, cam­paign­ing for the US pres­i­dency, is shot in the ch­est in Mil­wau­kee. He is saved by his thick coat and a bun­dle of pa­per in his breast pocket and goes ahead with a sched­uled speech.

1913 — Bri­tain’s worst min­ing dis­as­ter oc­curs as the re­sult of an ex­plo­sion at the Uni­ver­sal Col­liery in Senghenydd, near Caer­philly, Glam­or­gan, Wales, killing 439.

1927 — Dunedin’s Dale Austen wins the Miss New Zealand con­test and re­ceives a three­month Hol­ly­wood con­tract.

1939 — A Ger­man U­47 sub­ma­rine sinks the Bri­tish bat­tle­ship HMS Royal Oak, with the loss of 833 lives.

1943 — Ethel Ben­jamin, who in 1897 was the first wo­man to be­come a lawyer in New Zealand, is struck by a mo­tor ve­hi­cle and dies of a frac­tured skull in Mount Ver­non Hos­pi­tal, Mid­dle­sex, Eng­land; 600 Jews es­cape dur­ing an up­ris­ing at the Nazi con­cen­tra­tion camp in So­bi­bor, Poland.

1944 — Bri­tish and Greek troops liberate Athens from the Ger­mans in World War 2; Ger­man Field Mar­shal Er­win Rom­mel com­mits sui­cide rather than face ex­e­cu­tion for al­legedly con­spir­ing against Adolf Hitler.

1947 — US Air Force test pi­lot

Charles ‘‘Chuck’’ Yea­ger be­comes the first per­son to break the sound bar­rier, fly­ing the ex­per­i­men­tal Bell X­1 rocket plane over Ed­wards Air Force Base in Cal­i­for­nia.

1962 — US U­2 es­pi­onage planes lo­cate mis­sile launch­ers in Cuba.

1968 — The first live tele­cast from a manned US space­craft is trans­mit­ted from Apollo 7.

1979 — New Zealan­der Martin (Mr Asia) John­stone’s hand­less body is dis­cov­ered in Eng­land. Terry Clark, an as­so­ciate of John­stone and the for­mer leader of the Mr Asia drug ring, is later con­victed of mas­ter­mind­ing the crime.

1987 — A real­life drama be­gins in Mid­land, Texas, af­ter 18­month­old Jes­sica McClure slides 6.7m down an aban­doned well at a day­care cen­tre. Hun­dreds of res­cuers work 58 hours to free her; Gov­er­nor­Gen­eral Ratu Sir Pe­naia Gani­lau re­signs af­ter Fiji is de­clared a re­pub­lic fol­low­ing two coups d’etat.

1997 — Dozens of pro­test­ers shout­ing ‘‘Clin­ton, go home’’ burn an ef­figy of US pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton and throw ma­nure on his limou­sine, mar­ring an oth­er­wise un­event­ful visit to Brazil.

2003 — A Bill abol­ish­ing New Zealand ap­peals to the Privy Coun­cil and es­tab­lish­ing a Supreme Court is passed.

2010 — The New Zealand and Aus­tralian net­ball teams play the goldmedal match at the Com­mon­wealth Games in New Delhi, In­dia, in what is the long­est of­fi­cial game of net­ball ever played, stretch­ing out over 84 pul­sat­ing min­utes, with New Zealand win­ning 66­64.

2012 — Dunedin­based doc­tor Dou­gal Thor­burn sets a world 10km pram­push­ing record by push­ing a pram con­tain­ing his 2­year­old daugh­ter, Au­drey, through­out a 10km race held near Ou­tram in the time of 32min 26sec.

To­day’s birth­days:

Fred­er­ick Furk­ert, New Zealand engi­neer (1876­1949); Katherine Mans­field, New Zealand­born writer­poet (1888­1923); William Newn­ham, New Zealand civil engi­neer (1888­1974); Ed­die McLeod, New Zealand crick­eter (1900­89); Colin Dickinson, New Zealand cy­clist (1931­2006); Ralph Lau­ren, US fash­ion de­signer (1939­); Sir Cliff Richard, Bri­tish singer (1940­); Alan Brun­ton,

New Zealand poet­play­wright (1946­2002); Justin Hayward, Bri­tish singer­mu­si­cian (1946­); Dou­glas

Wright, New Zealand dancer­chore­og­ra­pher (1956­2018); Lori Petty, US ac­tress (1963­); Steve Coogan, English ac­tor (1965­); Dar­ren Wat­son, New Zealand singer­song­writer­gui­tarist (1966­); Wal­ter Lit­tle, All Black (1969­); Car­los Spencer, All Black (1975­); Usher, US singer (1978­); Hadley Wick­ham, New Zealand com­puter sci­en­tist (1979­); Jonelle Price, New Zealand equestrian (1980­); Ben Whishaw, English ac­tor (1980­); Marc Ryan, New Zealand cy­clist (1982­); Leon Henry, New Zealand bas­ket­baller (1985­); Max Thieriot, US ac­tor (1988­); Ardie Savea, All Black (1993­).

Quote of the day:

‘‘If there is to be any hope of pros­per­ity for this coun­try it is by re­vers­ing that pol­icy which made us sim­ply the kitchen gar­den for sup­ply­ing the Bri­tish with cheap food.’’ — Ea­mon de Valera, third pres­i­dent of Ire­land, who was born on this day in 1882. He died in 1975, aged 92.

 ??  ?? Sir Cliff Richard
Sir Cliff Richard
 ??  ?? Ethel Ben­jamin
Ethel Ben­jamin
 ??  ??

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