What are key nu­tri­ents for would-be mums?

South Waikato News - - Your Health -

Email your ques­tions for Dr Libby to askdr­libby@fair­fax­me­dia.co.nz. Please note, only a se­lec­tion of ques­tions can be an­swered. feeds into par­tic­u­lar bio­chem­i­cal path­ways. Vi­ta­min B12 and fo­late rely on each other, for ex­am­ple, so a health pro­fes­sional ex­pe­ri­enced in pre-con­cep­tion care is best to guide you with what is right for you. do not con­tain io­dine so lo­cally grown pro­duce re­flects this, and stud­ies have shown ev­i­dence of io­dine de­fi­ciency re-emerg­ing in New Zealand. Io­dine is essen­tial for the pro­duc­tion of thy­roid hor­mones, which con­trol the ba­sic ac­tiv­ity of each cell in the body, in­clud­ing me­tab­o­lism, growth and devel­op­ment.

Thy­roid is­sues can af­fect fer­til­ity, so op­ti­mal io­dine in­take is im­por­tant when try­ing to con­ceive. Dur­ing preg­nancy, io­dine is needed for nor­mal brain devel­op­ment in the foe­tus, and even sub­clin­i­cal hy­pothy­roidism due to io­dine de­fi­ciency in the mother can lead to ir­re­versible brain dam­age.

Io­dine is found in seafood, sea­weed and iodised salt. Not all salt is iodised, so it’s im­por­tant to check the la­bel. Dur­ing preg­nancy, you need about 1.5 times the amount of io­dine an adult nor­mally re­quires, and the Min­istry of Health rec­om­mends tak­ing an io­dine sup­ple­ment daily. You only need a small amount of io­dine each day to meet your needs. If you have any pre­ex­ist­ing thy­roid con­di­tions, it’s essen­tial that you con­sult with your qual­i­fied med­i­cal pro­fes­sional be­fore sup­ple­ment­ing io­dine.

123RF

A few nu­tri­ents are very im­por­tant if you are plan­ning a preg­nancy.

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