To­day in His­tory

The Press - - Obituaries -

1769 – Cap­tain James Cook and astronomer Charles Green ob­serve the tran­sit of Mercury at Mercury Bay, on Coro­man­del Penin­sula.

1799 – Napoleon Bon­a­parte seizes power in France, mak­ing him­self one of three con­suls. 1918 – Kaiser Wil­helm II of Ger­many, right, ab­di­cates and a repub­lic is de­clared. Two days later, Ger­many signs an ar­mistice end­ing World War I.

1920 – New Zealand in­tro­duces the Im­mi­gra­tion Re­stric­tion Amend­ment Act to al­low of­fi­cials to pre­vent en­try of In­di­ans and other non-white Bri­tish sub­jects.

1938 – Nazis launch Kristall­nacht, a cam­paign of ter­ror against Jewish peo­ple, homes and busi­nesses. About 100 Jews were killed and an es­ti­mated 30,000 ar­rested.

1952 – Po­lice and Bri­tish troops ar­rest more than 400 Kikuyu tribes­men and women in an ef­fort to ap­pre­hend Mau Mau cult mem­bers in Kenya.

1987 – Bomb explodes dur­ing rush hour in crowded neigh­bour­hood of Colombo, Sri Lanka, with at least 32 peo­ple killed and 105 wounded.

1989 – Stunned East Ger­man bor­der guards watch as ju­bi­lant Ger­mans dance on the Ber­lin Wall. Thou­sands cross the bor­der on one mem­o­rable night.

2011 – Italy’s pres­i­dent prom­ises em­phat­i­cally that Sil­vio Ber­lus­coni will step down soon as pre­mier and lav­ishes hon­ours on a lead­ing econ­o­mist, who in­stantly be­came Ber­lus­coni’s pre­sumed suc­ces­sor.

Birth­days

Jean Mon­net, French pres­i­dent of Euro­pean Coal and Steel Com­mu­nity, the pre­cur­sor of the EU (1888-1979); Hedy La­marr, Aus­trian-born US act­ess and in­ven­tor (1914-2000); Colin Gray, NZ WWII fighter pi­lot (1914-95); Carl Sa­gan, US astronomer (1934-96); Luiz Felipe Sco­lari, Brazil­ian World Cup-win­ning foot­ball coach (1948-); Parekura Horo­mia, NZ politi­cian (1950-2013); Lou Fer­rigno, US body­builder and ac­tor (1951-); Delta Goodrem, Aus­tralian singer (1984-).

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