BODY WISE

Daily Trust - - HEALTH -

Glomeru­lonephri­tis

Glomeru­lonephri­tis is a dam­age to the tiny fil­ters in­side the kid­ney (glomeruli). It is of­ten caused by the im­mune sys­tem (an­ti­bod­ies) at­tack­ing healthy body tis­sues. It can be acute (sud­den) or chronic (longterm).

Symp­toms of glomeru­lonephri­tis are; puffi­ness/swelling of the face and an­kles, uri­nat­ing less of­ten, blood or protein in urine, ex­tra flu­ids in the lungs caus­ing cough, high blood pres­sure, fre­quent nighttime uri­na­tion, ab­dom­i­nal pain and nose bleeds.

It is treated with blood pres­sure med­i­ca­tions, cor­ti­cos­teroids, plasma­phere­sis (re­moval of blood plasma and re­placed with IV flu­ids or do­nated plasma with­out an­ti­bod­ies), re­duc­ing amount of salt, protein and potas­sium in diet, cal­cium sup­ple­ments and di­uret­ics to re­duce swelling.

Com­pli­ca­tions may lead to kid­ney fail­ure which may re­quire dial­y­sis and even­tu­ally, kid­ney trans­plant.

health­line.com

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