Ahead of Kigali meeting: What lessons for Nigeria?
The Member State Experts meeting in Ndjamena, Chad, during the first week of July was very insightful and served as a rider to the issues that will be tabled and deliberated upon when the African Heads of State meet in Kigali, Rwanda towards end of July 2016.
A press statement at the end of the Chad meeting emphasised that the “African countries set the stage to end AIDS, TB and Malaria by 2030” and also adopted Africa Scorecard on Domestic Financing for Health.
The meeting followed the adoption of the Africa Health Strategy and the Catalytic Framework to End AIDS, TB and Eliminate Malaria in Africa by 2030.
Hon. Assane Ngueadoum, Minister of Health of the Republic of Chad during the meeting observed that “AIDS, TB and Malaria remain key challenges for the development of our continent. The Africa Health Strategy and the Catalytic framework to end AIDS, TB and Eliminate Malaria by 2030 provide a clear policy direction for the continent. Our countries should continue on the path set by the Abuja Declaration to increase the budget allocated to health.”
With respect to the Africa Health Strategy and Catalytic Framework to end AIDS, TB and Malaria, the meeting briefed the experts on Africa’s new health policy architecture that will be endorsed by the Kigali Summit.
The revised African Health Strategy provides the overarching superstructure to address Africa’s broad health and development agenda in the next 15 years. The statement has provided further insight on the Catalytic Framework that serves as a business model for investing for impact to end AIDS, TB and Eliminate Malaria in Africa by 2030.
The framework focuses on three strategic investment areas, each with clear catalytic actions. These areas are health systems strengthening, generation and use of evidence for policy and programme interventions and advocacy and capacity building. The framework provides bold and ambitious targets to end the three diseases by 2030.
The 2nd item discussed during the experts meeting was the Africa Scorecard as a tool for financial planning and health sector performance monitoring. The statement observed that according to various estimates, countries should spend between $75 and $100 per person on health.
It is in this context that the African Union has developed the Africa Scorecard on Domestic Financing for Health as a management tool for governments. The scorecard will help with financial planning for the health sector and with monitoring performance. The scorecard that will be prepared annually includes five indicators that measure progress towards meeting domestic and external health financing commitments.
The accuracy of the data on the scorecard will require countries to update the National Health Accounts regularly; African Heads of State committed in the Maputo Plan of Action (2006) to institutionalise the System of National Health Accounts (NHA). Progress has been slow in implementing this commitment.
The 3rd item discussed was on expanding the fiscal space to finance health. The experts meeting reviewed an AU commissioned study on Innovative and Domestic Financing for Health. According to the study, while innovative financing can provide a steady, sustainable and equitable way of generating small amounts of additional resources, it is not a panacea for Africa’s health financing resource challenges.
The study points out that innovative health financing can be useful where it is able to create room in the budget for additional spending while not jeopardizing the fiscal stability of the economy. Overall, innovative health financing complement traditional government revenue generation and only as a short-term solution to funding needs while governments work to expand the tax base.
What lessons could Nigeria learn from this Ndjamena meeting as President Buhari and his team prepare to attend the Heads of State Summit in Kigali at the end of this month?
1. 1st and foremost the signed 2016 budget has overall provision of N6.06 trillion. The health sector got a total of N250.06 billion - roughly the health sector budget is about 4.16% of the total budget. With 4.16% of the budget to health which is far from Abuja declaration target, Nigeria hasn’t shown much commitment regarding domestic financing.
2. With respect to using the National Health Accounts and institutionalizing the System of National Health Accounts (NHA) as a means of performance monitoring of the Africa Scorecard, Nigeria is far from joining other African countries as the country is yet to grasp the benefit of NHA not to talk of institutionalising it as part of its routine data collection system.
3. For expanding fiscal space for health. It is also another long shot as the 2014 signed National Health Act that committed the country to allocate 1% of its consolidated revenue fund is yet to become operational as guidelines are still awaited.
All comments to Dr Aminu Magashi, publisher Health Reporters (firstname.lastname@example.org
It is in this context that the African Union has developed the Africa Scorecard on Domestic Financing for Health as a management tool for governments