TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Muscat Daily - - OPINION -

1402

Zhu Di, bet­ter known by his era name as the Yon­gle Em­peror, as­sumes the throne over the Ming dy­nasty of China.

1429 1771

Chipewyan chief Ma­ton­abbee, trav­el­ling as the guide to Sa­muel Hearne on his Arc­tic over­land jour­ney, mas­sacres a group of un­sus­pect­ing Inuit.

1856

The Great Train Wreck of 1856 in Fort Wash­ing­ton, Penn­syl­va­nia, kills over 60 peo­ple.

1867

Har­vard School of Den­tal Medicine is es­tab­lished in Bos­ton, Mas­sachusetts. It is the first den­tal school in the US that is af­fil­i­ated with a univer­sity.

1902

Willis Car­rier cre­ates the first air con­di­tioner in Buf­falo, New York.

1917

King Ge­orge V is­sues a Procla­ma­tion stat­ing that the male line de­scen­dants of the Bri­tish Royal Fam­ily will bear the sur­name Wind­sor.

1918

The RMS Carpathia, the ship that res­cued the 705 sur­vivors from the RMS Ti­tanic, is sunk off Ire­land by the Ger­man SM U-55; five lives are lost.

1933

Af­ter suc­cess­fully cross­ing the At­lantic Ocean, the Lithua­nian re­search air­craft Li­tu­anica crashes in Europe un­der mys­te­ri­ous cir­cum­stances.

1936

An Armed Forces re­bel­lion against the elected left­ist Pop­u­lar Front gov­ern­ment of Spain starts the civil war.

1938

Dou­glas Cor­ri­gan takes off from Brook­lyn to fly the ‘wrong way’ to Ire­land and be­comes known as ‘Wrong Way’ Cor­ri­gan.

1944

Two ships laden with am­mu­ni­tion for the war ex­plode in Port Chicago, Cal­i­for­nia, near the San Fran­cisco Bay, killing 320.

1945 1948

The South Korean con­sti­tu­tion is pro­claimed.

1953

The largest num­ber of United States mid­ship­man ca­su­al­ties in a sin­gle event re­sults from an air­craft crash in Florida killing 44.

1955

Dis­ney­land is ded­i­cated and opened by Walt Dis­ney in Ana­heim, Cal­i­for­nia.

1962

Nu­clear weapons test­ing: The ‘Small Boy’ test shot Lit­tle Feller I be­comes the last at­mo­spheric test det­o­na­tion at the Ne­vada Na­tional Se­cu­rity Site.

1968

A revo­lu­tion oc­curs in Iraq when Ab­dul Rah­man Arif is over­thrown and the Ba’ath Party is in­stalled as the gov­ern­ing power in Iraq with Ahmed Has­san al Bakr as the new Iraqi Pres­i­dent.

1973

King Mo­hammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is de­posed by his cousin Mo­hammed Daoud Khan while in Italy un­der­go­ing eye surgery.

1981

Queen El­iz­a­beth II opens the Hum­ber Bridge in Eng­land.

1981

A struc­tural fail­ure leads to the col­lapse of a walk­way at the Hy­att Re­gency in Kan­sas City, Mis­souri killing 114 peo­ple and in­jur­ing over 200.

1989

First flight of the B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber.

2015

At least 120 peo­ple are killed and 130 in­jured by a sui­cide bomb­ing in Diyala Prov­ince, Iraq.

Hun­dred Years’ War: Charles VII of France is crowned the King of France in the Reims Cathe­dral af­ter a suc­cess­ful cam­paign by Joan of Arc.

The main three lead­ers of the Al­lied na­tions, Win­ston Churchill, Harry S Tru­man and Joseph Stalin, meet in the Ger­man city of Pots­dam to de­cide the fu­ture of a de­feated Ger­many.

2014 Malaysia Air­lines Flight 17, a Boe­ing 777, crashes near the bor­der of Ukraine and Rus­sia af­ter be­ing shot down. All 298 peo­ple on board are killed. This photo taken on July 23, 2014 shows the crash site of the downed MH17, in a field near the vil­lage of Grabove, in the Donetsk re­gion

1717 King Ge­orge I of Great Bri­tain sails down the River Thames with a barge of 50 mu­si­cians, where Ge­orge Frid­eric Han­del’s Wa­ter Mu­sic is pre­miered

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