TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Muscat Daily - - OPINION -

1553

King Henry VIII’s daugh­ter Mary is pro­claimed Queen of Eng­land af­ter pre­tender Lady Jane Grey is de­posed.

1848

A pioneer women’s rights con­ven­tion is or­gan­ised in Seneca Falls, New York.

1870

The Franco-Prus­sian war, which even­tu­ally leads to the uni­fi­ca­tion of the Ger­man states, be­gins.

1903

The first Tour de France is won by Mau­rice Garin.

1922

Ge­orge McGovern, a US se­na­tor and the Demo­cratic pres­i­den­tial can­di­date in 1972, is born in Avon, SD.

1941

Bri­tain launches its ‘V for Vic­tory’ cam­paign dur­ing World War II with Prime Min­is­ter Win­ston Churchill call­ing the V-sign hand ges­ture ‘the sym­bol of the un­con­quer­able will of the peo­ple of the oc­cu­pied ter­ri­to­ries and a por­tent of the fate await­ing the Nazi tyranny’.

1944

The Demo­cratic na­tional con­ven­tion is con­vened in Chicago with the renom­i­na­tion of Pres­i­dent Franklin D Roo­sevelt con­sid­ered a cer­tainty.

1952

The Sum­mer Olympics opens in Helsinki, Fin­land.

1965

The first pres­i­dent of South Korea, Syn­g­man Rhee, dies in Honolulu.

1969

Apollo 11, with Neil Arm­strong, Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin and Michael Collins on board, goes into or­bit around the Moon.

1975

The Apollo and Soyuz space cap­sules that were linked in or­bit for two days sep­a­rate.

1979

The Nicaraguan cap­i­tal of Managua falls to San­din­ista guer­ril­las, two days af­ter Pres­i­dent Anas­ta­sio So­moza fled the coun­try.

1980

The Moscow Sum­mer Olympics be­gins, mi­nus dozens of na­tions that were boy­cotting the games be­cause of the Soviet mil­i­tary in­ter­ven­tion in Afghanistan.

1984

Con­gress­woman Geral­dine A Fer­raro of New York wins the Demo­cratic nom­i­na­tion for vice pres­i­dent at the party’s con­ven­tion in San Fran­cisco.

1986

Caro­line Kennedy, daugh­ter of Pres­i­dent John F Kennedy, mar­ries Edwin A Schloss­berg.

1989

Hun­dred-and-eleven peo­ple are killed when United Air Lines Flight 232, a DC-10 which suf­fered the un­con­tained fail­ure of its tail en­gine and the loss of hy­draulic sys­tems, crashes while mak­ing an emer­gency land­ing at Sioux City, Iowa; 185 others sur­vive.

1990

Pres­i­dent Ge­orge H W Bush joins former pres­i­dents Ron­ald Rea­gan, Ger­ald R Ford and Richard M Nixon at cer­e­monies ded­i­cat­ing the Nixon Li­brary and Birth­place (since re­des­ig­nated the Richard Nixon Pres­i­den­tial Li­brary and Mu­seum) in Yorba Linda, Cal­i­for­nia.

1996

Open­ing cer­e­monies are held in At­lanta for the 26th Sum­mer Olympic Games.

2011

Sum­moned by Bri­tish law­mak­ers to an­swer for a phone hack­ing and bribery scan­dal at one of his tabloids, me­dia mogul Ru­pert Mur­doch says he is hum­bled and ashamed, but ac­cepts no re­spon­si­bil­ity for wrong­do­ing.

1961 TWA be­comes the first air­line to be­gin show­ing reg­u­larly sched­uled in-flight movies as it presents By Love Pos­sessed to first-class pas­sen­gers on a flight from New York to Los An­ge­les

1985 Christa McAuliffe (third from left) of New Hamp­shire is cho­sen to be the first school­teacher to ride aboard the space shut­tle. (McAuliffe and six other crew mem­bers die when the

Chal­lenger ex­plodes shortly af­ter liftoff in Jan­uary 1986)

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