TODAY IN HISTORY
King Henry VIII’s daughter Mary is proclaimed Queen of England after pretender Lady Jane Grey is deposed.
A pioneer women’s rights convention is organised in Seneca Falls, New York.
The Franco-Prussian war, which eventually leads to the unification of the German states, begins.
The first Tour de France is won by Maurice Garin.
George McGovern, a US senator and the Democratic presidential candidate in 1972, is born in Avon, SD.
Britain launches its ‘V for Victory’ campaign during World War II with Prime Minister Winston Churchill calling the V-sign hand gesture ‘the symbol of the unconquerable will of the people of the occupied territories and a portent of the fate awaiting the Nazi tyranny’.
The Democratic national convention is convened in Chicago with the renomination of President Franklin D Roosevelt considered a certainty.
The Summer Olympics opens in Helsinki, Finland.
The first president of South Korea, Syngman Rhee, dies in Honolulu.
Apollo 11, with Neil Armstrong, Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin and Michael Collins on board, goes into orbit around the Moon.
The Apollo and Soyuz space capsules that were linked in orbit for two days separate.
The Nicaraguan capital of Managua falls to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.
The Moscow Summer Olympics begins, minus dozens of nations that were boycotting the games because of the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.
Congresswoman Geraldine A Ferraro of New York wins the Democratic nomination for vice president at the party’s convention in San Francisco.
Caroline Kennedy, daughter of President John F Kennedy, marries Edwin A Schlossberg.
Hundred-and-eleven people are killed when United Air Lines Flight 232, a DC-10 which suffered the uncontained failure of its tail engine and the loss of hydraulic systems, crashes while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa; 185 others survive.
President George H W Bush joins former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R Ford and Richard M Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace (since redesignated the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum) in Yorba Linda, California.
Opening ceremonies are held in Atlanta for the 26th Summer Olympic Games.
Summoned by British lawmakers to answer for a phone hacking and bribery scandal at one of his tabloids, media mogul Rupert Murdoch says he is humbled and ashamed, but accepts no responsibility for wrongdoing.
1961 TWA becomes the first airline to begin showing regularly scheduled in-flight movies as it presents By Love Possessed to first-class passengers on a flight from New York to Los Angeles
1985 Christa McAuliffe (third from left) of New Hampshire is chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. (McAuliffe and six other crew members die when the
Challenger explodes shortly after liftoff in January 1986)