TODAY IN HISTORY 30 BC
Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian’s invasion of Egypt.
Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Cravant - the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
Jacques Coeur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.
Russo-Polish War (16541667): The Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol emperor in India.
Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court.
Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses.
The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
Dr Patrick Francis Healy becomes the first AfricanAmerican to be inaugurated as president of Georgetown University or of any predominantly white university in the United States.
The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies.
German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilise.
The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted.
Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: Execute 193,000 Russians.
Operation Motorman: The British Army uses 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to re-take the ‘no-go areas’ controlled by the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris and kills a French police inspector and an Iraqi security agent, before taking eight persons hostage. He surrenders to the French police after almost nine hours.
Car and bus collision near Beaune, France kills 53.
A rare, class F-4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing US$330mn in damage.
Thirty-two people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft.
Sergei Bubka pole vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m).
Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector - NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the Moon’s surface.
Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end.
Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine.
Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
2006 Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro. This leads to a celebration in Little Havana, Miami, Florida, where many Cuban Americans participated
1973 Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies six months later. This photo shows a rescue worker next to a section of flight’s charred fuselage