TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY 30 BC

Muscat Daily - - WORLD -

Bat­tle of Alexan­dria: Mark Antony achieves mi­nor vic­tory over Oc­ta­vian, but most of his army sub­se­quently deserts, lead­ing to Oc­ta­vian’s in­va­sion of Egypt.

1291 1423

Hun­dred Years’ War: Bat­tle of Cra­vant - the French army is de­feated at Cra­vant on the banks of the river Yonne.

1451

Jacques Coeur is ar­rested by or­der of Charles VII of France.

1655

Russo-Pol­ish War (16541667): The Rus­sian army en­ters the cap­i­tal of the Grand Duchy of Lithua­nia, Vil­nius, which it holds for six years.

1658

Au­rangzeb ap­points him­self Mon­gol em­peror in In­dia.

1737

Prince Fred­er­ick of Wales es­capes English court.

1741

Charles Al­bert of Bavaria in­vades Up­per Aus­tria and Bohemia.

1751

Fire in Stock­holm de­stroys 1,000 houses.

1865

The first nar­row gauge main­line rail­way in the world opens at Grand­ch­ester, Aus­tralia.

1874

Dr Pa­trick Fran­cis Healy be­comes the first AfricanAmer­i­can to be in­au­gu­rated as pres­i­dent of Ge­orge­town Univer­sity or of any pre­dom­i­nantly white univer­sity in the United States.

1879

The first cable con­nec­tion be­tween South Africa and Europe is laid by the Bri­tish elec­tri­cal en­gi­neer Charles Til­ston Bright as part of his project to link the Bri­tish Em­pire with grow­ing telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions tech­nolo­gies.

1914

Ger­man Em­peror Wil­helm II threat­ens war, or­ders Rus­sia to de­mo­bilise.

1919

The Weimar Con­sti­tu­tion es­tab­lish­ing the Ger­man Repub­lic is adopted.

1937

Polit­buro en­ables Op­er­a­tive Or­der 00447: Ex­e­cute 193,000 Rus­sians.

1945 1972

Op­er­a­tion Mo­tor­man: The Bri­tish Army uses 12,000 sol­diers sup­ported by tanks and bull­doz­ers to re-take the ‘no-go ar­eas’ con­trolled by the Pro­vi­sional Ir­ish Repub­li­can Army.

1978

Gun­man shoots his way into Iraqi Em­bassy in Paris and kills a French po­lice in­spec­tor and an Iraqi se­cu­rity agent, be­fore tak­ing eight per­sons hostage. He sur­ren­ders to the French po­lice af­ter al­most nine hours.

1982

Car and bus col­li­sion near Beaune, France kills 53.

1987

A rare, class F-4 tor­nado rips through Ed­mon­ton, Al­berta, killing 27 peo­ple and caus­ing US$330mn in dam­age.

1988

Thirty-two peo­ple are killed and 1,674 in­jured when a bridge at the Sul­tan Ab­dul Halim ferry ter­mi­nal col­lapses in But­ter­worth, Malaysia.

1991

Se­nate votes to al­low women to fly com­bat air­craft.

1994

Sergei Bubka pole vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m).

1999

Dis­cov­ery Pro­gram: Lu­nar Prospec­tor - NASA in­ten­tion­ally crashes the space­craft into the Moon, thus end­ing its mis­sion to de­tect frozen wa­ter on the Moon’s sur­face.

2007

Op­er­a­tion Ban­ner, the pres­ence of the Bri­tish Army in North­ern Ire­land, and long­est-run­ning Bri­tish Army op­er­a­tion ever, comes to an end.

Egyp­tian Mamelukken oc­cu­pies Akko, cru­saders driven out of Pales­tine.

Pierre Laval, fugi­tive for­mer leader of Vichy France, sur­ren­ders to Al­lied sol­diers in Aus­tria.

2006 Fidel Cas­tro hands over power tem­po­rar­ily to brother Raúl Cas­tro. This leads to a cel­e­bra­tion in Lit­tle Havana, Mi­ami, Florida, where many Cuban Amer­i­cans par­tic­i­pated

1973 Delta Air­lines DC-9 crashes in fog at Lo­gan Air­port, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone sur­vivor dies six months later. This photo shows a res­cue worker next to a sec­tion of flight’s charred fuse­lage

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