TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Muscat Daily - - OPINION -

1782 A statue of Peter the Great is un­veiled in St Peters­burg on the 100th an­niver­sary of his ac­ces­sion to the throne. It was made by French sculp­tor Etienne-Mau­rice Fal­conet, who spent 12 years on the work. Em­press Cather­ine com­mis­sioned it in 1765. The photo shows a draw­ing by A P Davy­dov of the inau­gu­ra­tion of the mon­u­ment

William Cosby ar­rives in New York to as­sume his post as Gov­er­nor for the New York Prov­ince.

1731

French stunt­man Philippe Pe­tit re­peat­edly walks a tightrope strung be­tween the twin tow­ers of New York’s World Trade Cen­ter.

1782

Gen Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton cre­ates the Or­der of the Pur­ple Heart, a dec­o­ra­tion to recog­nise merit in en­listed men and non-com­mis­sioned of­fi­cers.

1789

The US Depart­ment of War is es­tab­lished by Congress.

1819

South Amer­i­can lib­er­a­tor Si­mon Bo­li­var de­feats Span­ish forces un­der Gen Jose Bar­reiro in New Granada (Colom­bia) at the Bat­tle of Boy­aca. The revo­lu­tion­ary army en­ters Bo­gota on Au­gust 10.

1882

The fa­mous feud be­tween the Hat­fields of West Vir­ginia and the Mc­Coys of Ken­tucky erupts into fullscale vi­o­lence.

1912

The Pro­gres­sive Party nom­i­nates Theodore Roo­sevelt for Pres­i­dent.

1927

The al­ready opened Peace Bridge con­nect­ing Buf­falo, New York, and Fort Erie, On­tario, Canada, is of­fi­cially ded­i­cated.

1942

US and other al­lied forces land at Guadal­canal, mark­ing the start of the first ma­jor al­lied of­fen­sive in the Pa­cific dur­ing World War II. Ja­panese forces aban­don the is­land the fol­low­ing Fe­bru­ary.

1959

The United States launches the Ex­plorer 6 satel­lite, which sent back im­ages of Earth.

1964

Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin res­o­lu­tion, giv­ing Pres­i­dent Lyn­don B John­son broad pow­ers in deal­ing with re­ported North Viet­namese at­tacks on US forces.

1971

Apollo 15 re­turns to the Earth af­ter a manned mis­sion to the Moon.

1974 1989

A plane car­ry­ing US Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Mickey Le­land (Demo­crat-Texas) and 14 others dis­ap­pears over Ethiopia. The wreck­age of the plane is found six days later with no sur­vivors.

1990

Pres­i­dent Ge­orge H W Bush or­ders US troops and war­planes to Saudi Ara­bia to guard the oil-rich coun­try against a pos­si­ble in­va­sion by Iraq.

1998

Ter­ror­ist bombs at US em­bassies in Kenya and Tan­za­nia kill 224 peo­ple, in­clud­ing 12 Amer­i­cans.

2000

Vice Pres­i­dent and Demo­cratic pres­i­den­tial can­di­date Al Gore se­lects Con­necti­cut Sen­a­tor Joseph Lieber­man as his run­ning mate; Lieber­man be­comes the first Jewish can­di­date on a ma­jor party’s pres­i­den­tial ticket.

2002

Ma­jor league base­ball play­ers and own­ers agree on the sport’s first tests for steroids.

2007

Barry Bonds be­comes base­ball’s ca­reer home run leader when he hit No. 756 dur­ing a home game in San Fran­cisco, pass­ing Hank Aaron’s mark.

2008

Ge­or­gia shells the cap­i­tal of break­away repub­lic South Os­se­tia. Rus­sia re­sponds by oc­cu­py­ing much of Ge­or­gia in a five-day war.

2009

Former Repub­li­can vice pres­i­den­tial can­di­date Sarah Palin ac­cuses Pres­i­dent Barack Obama of propos­ing a ‘death panel’ that would de­cide who re­ceives treat­ment in his health­care plan.

2010

Elena Ka­gan is sworn in as the 112th jus­tice and fourth woman to serve on the US Supreme Court.

1904 Ralph Bunche, the Amer­i­can diplo­mat who wins the No­bel Peace Prize in 1950, is born in Detroit, Michi­gan, United States

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