TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Muscat Daily - - OPINION -

1865

The US House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives joins the Se­nate in pass­ing the 13th Amend­ment to the United States Con­sti­tu­tion abol­ish­ing slav­ery, send­ing it to states for rat­i­fi­ca­tion. (The amend­ment was adopted in De­cem­ber 1865).

1917 1929

Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Leon Trot­sky and his fam­ily are ex­pelled from the Soviet Union.

1945

Pvt Eddie Slovik (24) be­comes the first US sol­dier since the Civil War to be ex­e­cuted for de­ser­tion as he is shot by an Amer­i­can fir­ing squad in France.

1958

The US en­ters the Space Age with its first suc­cess­ful launch of a satel­lite into or­bit, Ex­plorer I.

1961

NASA launches Ham the Chimp aboard a Mer­curyRed­stone rocket from Cape Canaveral. Ham is re­cov­ered safely from the At­lantic Ocean fol­low­ing his 16 1/2minute sub­or­bital flight.

1971

Astro­nauts Alan Shep­ard, Edgar Mitchell and Stu­art Roosa blast off aboard Apollo 14 on a mis­sion to the Moon.

1980

Queen Ju­liana of the Nether­lands an­nounces that she will ab­di­cate on her birth­day the fol­low­ing April, to be suc­ceeded by her daugh­ter, Princess Beatrix.

Ger­many serves no­tice that it is be­gin­ning a pol­icy of un­re­stricted sub­ma­rine war­fare dur­ing World War I.

McDon­ald’s Corp opens its first restau­rant in Moscow.

1990 2000

An Alaska Air­lines MD-83 jet crashes into the Pa­cific Ocean off Port Huen­eme, Cal­i­for­nia, killing all 88 peo­ple aboard.

2007

Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W Bush, vis­it­ing Wall Street, de­liv­ers his ‘State of the Econ­omy’ speech in which he takes aim at lav­ish salaries and bonuses for cor­po­rate ex­ec­u­tives, say­ing their pay should be tied to how much they helped their com­pa­nies’ share­hold­ers.

2016

At least 45 peo­ple are killed in a triple bomb­ing in a pre­dom­i­nantly Shi­ite Mus­lim sub­urb south of the Syr­ian cap­i­tal Da­m­as­cus.

1606 Guy Fawkes, con­victed of trea­son for his part in the ‘Gun­pow­der Plot’ against the English Par­lia­ment and King James I, is ex­e­cuted

1934 US Pres­i­dent Franklin D Roo­sevelt signs the Gold Re­serve Act. This file photo shows Roo­sevelt sign­ing the Act

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