Mega Progress

Oil and Gas - - CONTENT -

PDO’s two mega projects at Rabab Har­weel (RHIP) and Yibal Khuff (YK) will de­liver a ma­jor boost to gas pro­duc­tion when they come on stream. Great ef­forts have been de­voted to max­imis­ing In-Coun­try Value in both through the de­ploy­ment of skilled Oma­nis, such as en­gi­neers and hun­dreds of 6G welders trained through the Na­tional Ob­jec­tives pro­gramme, and the pro­cure­ment of lo­cally sourced ma­te­ri­als.

The RHIP is PDO’s largest ever cap­i­tal in­vest­ment project and gas will ac­count for 80% of its pro­duc­tion, pro­vid­ing a sus­tained power sup­ply for homes and in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment and the big­gest re­serve add of more than 500 mil­lion bar­rels of oil equiv­a­lent in the Com­pany’s his­tory. It also main­tains the pro­duc­tion plateau at the ex­ist­ing Har­weel 2AB fa­cil­ity by mis­ci­ble gas in­jec­tion.

It has al­ready cre­ated a huge num­ber of jobs and de­vel­op­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties for PDO, lo­cal sup­pli­ers and con­trac­tors, as well as adding to PDO’s sour gas ex­per­tise, and will de­liver a ma­jor rev­enue boost to Oman when it comes on stream next year.

The In-Coun­try Value pro­gramme has al­ready led to the pro­cure­ment of goods and ser­vices worth more than $400 mil­lion lo­cally. It has also en­tailed the main con­trac­tor Petro­fac es­tab­lish­ing an Oman en­gi­neer­ing of­fice and MAN Diesel and Turbo set­ting up a main­te­nance and re­pair work­shop. Ex­per­tise and knowl­edge gained from RHIP is al­ready be­ing ap­plied to other ma­jor PDO con­struc­tion projects, such as YK, with staff gain­ing in­valu­able train­ing and skills in ar­eas such as en­gi­neer­ing, pro­cure­ment and project man­age­ment.

Gas will ac­count for around 20% of YK’s pro­duc­tion, tech­ni­cally the most com­plex and sec­ond largest project un­der­taken by PDO to date.

The in­tri­cacy stems from its high sour oil and gas con­tent ver­sus ex­port and en­vi­ron­men­tal reg­u­la­tions which led to the use of sul­phur re­cov­ery units for the first time in PDO his­tory. The mega project is cur­rently pro­ceed­ing on sched­ule with con­struc­tion soon to reach peak ac­tiv­ity level, with a com­bined con­trac­tor work­force of some 6,500 ded­i­cated to meet­ing the on stream tar­get date of 2020.

Peak av­er­age pro­duc­tion is tar­geted at 20,000 bar­rels per day (bpd) of oil and six mil­lion cu­bic me­tres of gas per day. At the end of July, Petro­fac suc­cess­fully com­pleted the En­gi­neer­ing and Pro­cure­ment phase of the $3 bil­lion scheme with a stag­ger­ing equip­ment count of al­most 950 and a con­certed work ef­fort of over 2.5 mil­lion man­hours across a three-year pe­riod.

But only by vis­it­ing the YK con­struc­tion site, which has a plot size ex­ceed­ing 1.5 km2, can one get a sense of its enor­mous scale, and an ap­pre­ci­a­tion of how far the project has come since its kick-off in June 2015. Mas­sive quan­ti­ties of con­crete, ma­te­rial for stor­age tanks, and ca­bling for elec­tri­cal and in­stru­men­ta­tion works are be­ing used. At the heart of the project is a cen­tral pro­cess­ing fa­cil­ity that rests on a mam­moth steel struc­ture.

An es­ti­mated 13,500 tonnes of struc­tural steel will go into its con­struc­tion. In­stal­la­tion of an 132 kilo­volt over­head line is nearly com­plete, and con­struc­tion of the power plant, three man­i­fold sta­tions, 109 kilo­me­tres of ex­port/im­port pipe­lines and 78 km of flow­lines is also well un­der­way.

Al­ready, more than half the 28 wells planned be­fore start-up have been suc­cess­fully drilled. A strict safety regime un­der­pins both of the mega projects, which have clocked up mil­lions of Lost Time In­jury free man­hours.

YK is the first PDO project to fully im­ple­ment the HSE Front­line Lead­er­ship pro­gramme and 60 con­trac­tor and project su­per­vi­sors have al­ready suc­cess­fully com­pleted the train­ing so far.

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