National Herald Tribune : 2020-08-27

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From: Tafheem Printers the third Test, Vaughan said that Pakistan are on the up in the longest format of the game. “I think Pakistan are a side, which over the next two to three years, are going to compete against everyone as they have got pretty much everything covered,” said Vaughan while talking to Cricbuzz. “They might have lost the series. They should have won it, especially when you think back to Manchester. But they are a side who are on the up in Test match cricket,” he added. He also heaped praise on Pakistan’s batsmen, especially wicketkeep­er Mohammad Rizwan, middleorde­r batsman Babar Azam and skipper Azhar Ali. “I love Rizwan, I think he is a fighter and a really good wicketkeep­er-batsman. Babar Azam is high class and right out of the top draw. I think Azhar Ali’s century [in the third Test] will do him a world of good as the captain,” he said. He also spoke highly of Pakistan’s young pace attack, which includes the likes of Shaheen Shah Afridi and Naseem Shah. “In that bowling attack, Naseem Shah and Shaheen Shah, in particular, are two young quicks who I’m sure, over the next few years, will cause bit of a chaos,” he concluded. The three Twenty20 Internatio­nals (T20Is) between England and Pakistan will take place at Emirates Old Trafford on Friday, August 28, Sunday, August 30 and the final match of the tour on Tuesday, September 1. England claimed the Test series 1-0 after winning the first Test in Manchester by three wickets, with the last two matches in Southampto­n both drawn after being blighted by bad weather. James Anderson refused to rest on his laurels after becoming the first paceman to take 600 Test wickets as he revealed England captain Joe Root wanted him to feature in the 2021/22 Ashes tour of Australia. Anderson became only the fourth bowler after three retired spinners — Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralithar­an (800 wickets), Australia's Shane Warne (708) and India's Anil Kumble (619) — to achieve the feat when he had Pakistan captain Azhar Ali well caught by first slip Root at the Ageas Bowl on Tuesday. Anderson will be nearly 40 when England begin their quest to regain the urn from their arch-rivals. But although he has now played a mammoth 156 Tests, Anderson insisted there was no reason why he couldn't still be a key member of England's attack Down Under. "To be honest I've chatted to Rooty about this a little bit and he has said he would like me to be in Australia," Anderson told reporters after a match marred by bad weather ended in a draw to give England a 1-0 win in a three-Test series. At 38, Anderson — an England internatio­nal for 17 years — is already at an age where many pacemen of previous generation­s have long since retired. But his hunger for wickets shows no sign of being sated, even though he has already enjoyed the rare experience for an England cricketer of starring in a victorious Ashes campaign in Australia, in 2010/11."I don't see any reason why I can't be (involved)," he said. "I'm working hard on my fitness all the time, working hard on my game. I didn't bowl as well as I'd have liked for the whole summer but this Test match I was really on it and I feel like I've still got stuff to offer this team," added Anderson, who finished with match figures of 7-101 following his 29th five-wicket Test haul in the first innings. "As long as I still feel like that I think I'll keep going. "There will be decisions along the way with the selectors and coach and captain around how the team moves forward but as long as they want me around I'll keep working hard and try to prove I'm good enough to play in this team." 'Hard yards' The Lancashire swing bowler added: "I still love turning up every day at training, putting in the hard yards and being in the dressing room with the lads trying to forge a win for England. "That's all I've really ever bothered about and what I'll keep trying to do. I don't think I've won my last Test matches as an England cricketer yet." While England were able to stage 'bio-secure' series against both Pakistan and the West Indies this season, there is no certainty as to when they will next play a Test amid the coronaviru­s pandemic. "It felt amazing to get 600 wickets, but even if I didn't get it here there are worse numbers to be stuck on for a few months than 599, so I'd have been happy either way," said Anderson, who was happy to see Root feature in his landmark achievemen­t. Former England captain Michael Vaughan believes that Pakistan will be a tough side to beat, during the next few years, in Test match cricket. England claimed the three-match Test series, against Pakistan, one-nil after winning the first Test in Manchester by three wickets, with the last two matches in Southampto­n, both, drawn due to bad weather. Speaking after the conclusion of First T20I: Friday, August 28 at Emirates Old Trafford (10pm Pakistan Standard Time) Second T20I: Sunday, August 30 at Emirates Old Trafford (6.30pm PST) Third T20I: Tuesday, September 1 at Emirates Old Trafford (10pm PST) Nick Kyrgios was once fined for a "lack of best efforts" at the Shanghai Masters but the mercurial Australian is showing no signs of giving up on his crusade to have Novak Djokovic held accountabl­e for the ill-fated Adria Tour. The 25-year-old has been taking pot shots at Djokovic and other tennis players who have breached social distancing guidelines since the exhibition event organised by the Serbian resulted in four players contractin­g Covid-19. He launched another barrage at the world number one on Wednesday in response to a tweet quoting Djokovic, who has won his last 20 matches, contemplat­ing the possibilit­y he might get through the calendar year without losing. "Hell of a tennis player. May go unbeaten in 2020, can't take that away from him," Kyrgios tweeted. "Unfortunat­ely when he was supposed to show some leadership and humility he went missing. "Majority would say he has taken an L regardless," he added, referring to the popular gaming term for "take the loss". Djokovic, who is preparing for the U.S. Open at the Western & Southern Open in New York, has complained of being subjected to a "witch hunt" over the Adria Tour and last week said he had no regrets over organising the event.Kyrgios said earlier this month that he would be skipping the U.S. Open, using his announceme­nt to once again lambast the players he felt were being "selfish" by ignoring health protocols. It is worth here to mention that the mechanism for providing material support is still determined by the "Regulation­s on the procedure for assigning and paying social benefits and material assistance to low-income families", approved by the Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers on February 15, 2013. In accordance with this provision, the decision on the appointmen­t and payment of benefits to families with children, childcare benefits and material assistance was made by citizens' assemblies of villages and mahallas, or by the commission authorized by assemblies of citizens. The Commission was elected by the Citizens' assembly and chaired by the President of the Citizens' assembly. Members to the Commission at choosing were for a period of 2 years, and the chairman of the citizens' assembly - for the entire period of his term. The number of members given to the Commission should have been at least 15 people. On the one hand, such a mechanism involves a real understand­ing of the commission's members, those who really need support. However, on the other hand, this mechanism for collegial decision-making is very complicate­d, not transparen­t enough and does not exclude abuse, especially since it is accompanie­d by numerous procedures and requires the provision of a large number of documents and references. Apparently, all these difficulti­es and shortcomin­gs in the mechanism for allocating social assistance have led to numerous complaints to the President's Receptions about the ineffectiv­e or even unfair practice of allocating material assistance. for Support of Mahalla and Family was recently created. This ministry, as a responsibl­e body for coordinati­ng the activities of citizens' self-government institutio­ns, should increase the effectiven­ess of identifyin­g socially vulnerable segments of the population. Programs are being implemente­d to improve living conditions in rural areas. In particular, due to the realizatio­n of the Obod Qishlok program, the living conditions of 1,7 million villagers have been improved. For the implementa­tion of programs "Obod Qishloq" and "Obod mahalla" in 2019 in total 6,1 trillion soums have been allocated, or $ 600 million equivalent­ly. However, despite the progress made, at present, more than 400 thousand families in Uzbekistan needs improvemen­t of their living conditions, while their daily income per family member according to official statistics does not exceed 10-13 thousand soums (less than 1,5 dollars). According to World Bank criteria from October 2015, the global poverty rate is set at $ 1,9 per day. The share of the informal sector in the labor market is 40-50%. At the same time, only 23% of vulnerable households receive social benefits. During a pandemic intensifie­d need to accelerate the reform of institutio­ns providing social support and material assistance to the poor and most vulnerable. Therefore, these problems are being actively addressed. A transition is underway from the previously establishe­d insufficie­ntly targeted and ineffectiv­e institutio­ns for the distributi­on of material assistance to systemic solutions based on the digitaliza­tion of this area, providing the necessary control, transparen­cy and targeting. In developed countries, since the 1990s social assistance in the form of grants began to be provided with mandatory requiremen­ts for the involvemen­t of its recipients in legal entreprene­urship. In those countries where such practices were used (Korea, US, New Zealand, UK and others.) active engagement of the population on employment was observed. The results of various studies show that a more accurate assessment of the needs of the beneficiar­y, which is based not only on the level of his income but also taking into account other unrecorded incomes provides more effective tools in terms of poverty alleviatio­n. This mechanism of comprehens­ive criteria includes a comparison of the declaratio­ns of data with data of tax and other public authoritie­s. These changes in the system of providing targeted social assistance is partly a factor of reducing official poverty rates in countries such as Austria, Belgium, Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, etc. in the mid-2000s. Different countries use different schemes to reduce poverty rates. The Swedish model considers the fulfillmen­t of two goals: full employment and income equalizati­on. In this Scandinavi­an country, they prefer to retrain the unemployed and return them to work in demanded areas. China has adopted a wide range of measures aimed at rural developmen­t, including reforms in the agricultur­al sector, along with land reforms in rural areas. In the Czech Republic in addition to basic assistance to the poor, an emphasis is placed on assistance in natural form and cash compensati­on as an additional tool to support the poor. In the United States, assistance to the poor is provided within the framework of special programs that cover 15% to 20% of the population. In-kind assistance has become widespread: food stamps, lowcost housing, medical care of elderly and o early childhood care and others. For the conditions of Uzbekistan, the most acceptable comprehens­ive approach to poverty reduction should be aimed at engaging as many working-age population­s in employment, while simultaneo­usly defining a package of state social support that will help those in need below the poverty line to get out of poverty trap. At the same time, in the conditions of the impossibil­ity of immediate eradicatio­n of poverty, it is recommende­d to gradually implement measures in the field of ensuring the social protection of the poor, creating additional opportunit­ies for earning stable income and improving human capital. significan­t presence of the state in the life of society, which implies a wide range of social obligation­s of the state in front of its citizens. This makes it necessary to provide state support to socially vulnerable groups of society. Strong social policy, this means that state institutio­ns carry out a certain redistribu­tion of public goods in favor of the least protected and most vulnerable members of society. For all these years in Uzbekistan, unlike many other countries, the need for a strong social policy has not been questioned. That is, it can be stated that Uzbekistan a priori has chosen a model of state policy that correspond­s to the concept of social justice. message of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Oliy Majlis on January 24, 2020, the fight against poverty was identified as a priority task. It was emphasized that "poverty reduction requires the implementa­tion of a comprehens­ive economic and social policy - from stimulatin­g entreprene­urial activity to mobilizing the abilities and potential of the population, creating new jobs". Economic laws show that "poverty reproduces poverty". This happens for several reasons. First, poor countries cannot afford to spend enough to maintain affordable, free, and high-quality health care and education, and poor people cannot afford to pay for adequate private services. As a result, less educated and less healthy poor people cannot get out of poverty because of the low quality of human potential. Secondly, the poorer the population, the lower the effective demand, the lower the capacity of the consumer market, and, accordingl­y, the incentives for the developmen­t of industry, agricultur­e and, especially, services. This, in turn, constrains the developmen­t of the economy, reduces budget revenues and in a closed cycle - the possibilit­y of social support for the poor. Thirdly, the mentality of people from poor families often differs from those of wealthier families. Due to the above reasons, lesser people from poor families are with creative and entreprene­urial thinking. The crime rate among people from poor families is generally higher. In other words, poverty constrains human developmen­t potential, productive forces in the country and the economic activity of the population. Over the past three years, real total income per capita in Uzbekistan increased by 43,9%, and the average monthly nominal accrued wages by 79,7%, or from 126.54 USD in 2016 to 227.34 USD in 2019 year. According to the survey of households within the framework of the project "Listening to the citizens of Uzbekistan" in the World Bank, the average monthly income of one poor household in January-March 2020 is about 1,5 million soums or 146.70 USD , which is 12% more in comparison with the same period of the previous year. President Sh.Mirziyoev poses the problem of poverty reduction in Uzbekistan as a task of strategic nature. On its solution significan­t efforts of the government is directed. Thus, the country has created the necessary institutio­ns to fight poverty. This is the Ministry of Economic Developmen­t and Poverty Reduction, which will determine the policy to combat poverty. To support both socially vulnerable and low-income families, a Ministry Why did it happen? For thousands of years, a traditiona­l worldview was formed on our land that people should help each other, and the poor and the vulnerable, who are in difficult life situations, should receive support from those who can provide it: from neighbors, from society. Our social contract is based on these centuries-old principles of public morality. At the same time, for a long time, the existence of poverty for political reasons was practicall­y not recognized at the official level, there were no normativel­y approved criteria for determinin­g poverty rate, without which it is very difficult to pursue an effective social policy. Neverthele­ss, the problem of poverty has not disappeare­d, and in 2007, an attempt was even made to develop an appropriat­e strategy to overcome it. Together with UNDP, the World Bank and the ADB "Strategy for improving the well-being of the population of the Republic of Uzbekistan 2008-2010" was developed. However, until recently, there were no fundamenta­l changes in terms of real social support for the poor, carried out through mahalla committees. In manual mode Foreign experience In this regard, there is an acute need to find out the real state of affairs on the ground, both in matters of aid allocation and in other areas of social support. On January 17, 2019, the President issued a Decree "On measures further to improve the system of working with population problems". This Decree establishe­d that the People's Receptions, together with the sectors for the integrated socio-economic developmen­t of territorie­s, state bodies and other organizati­ons, identify the real problems of the population by going household-byhousehol­d, studying social and other objects, and ensure their solution Based on the household bypass that the register of poor families was formed, popularly called "Temir Daftar", which includes poor families and also takes into account the problems of socially vulnerable groups of the population. This register has become the basis for a targeted program of poverty reduction and welfare at the sectoral level. Social protection is a government policy, a package of measures and programs aimed at reducing poverty and inequality, and increasing the well-being of socially vulnerable groups of the population. The organized system of social protection of the state in the Western world began to enjoy success at the beginning of the 20th century - the period of the creation of social security systems in Germany and Great Britain, and a little later in the USA - during the Great Depression. If 100 years ago, systems of social protection of the population officially existed only in a few countries, today they are practicall­y everywhere. The logic, tools and mechanisms for applying such schemes differ as countries seek to build social protection systems based on their capabiliti­es, national conditions and priorities. Institutio­ns of social support for the population play an important role in overcoming poverty, which are designed not only to help financiall­y but also to help the most vulnerable groups get out of poverty. Identified imperfecti­ons The fact that this area does not function effectivel­y enough and needs deep reforming became clear after the People's Receptions of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan were opened in 2017, where citizens' appeals were received and carefully analyzed. Over the past two years, more than 3.6 million citizens' appeals to the President were received, which reflected many problems related to both the standard of living and provision of employment, housing, highqualit­y utilities, healthcare and education services. Many of the issues raised were related to shortcomin­gs in the system of social support for citizens, assistance to the poor and vulnerable groups of the population, which caused numerous complaints from citizens. Social model Uzbekistan belongs to socially oriented countries. In such countries, there is a TO BE CONTINUED National Herald Tribune, Thursday, August 27, 2020

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