Azerbaijan's economy hit by negative shocks: IMF
A staff team from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) led by Mohammed El Qorchi visited Baku during January 28-February 3, 2016, on a fact-finding visit and to discuss areas of technical assistance cooperation. At the conclusion of the visit, Mr. El Qorchi said Azerbaijan's economy has been hit by a series of negative shocks, in particular, a marked drop in oil prices, a significant growth slowdown and currency depreciations in trading partner countries. Growth was strong in the first half of 2015 but declined in the second part of the year while the current account surplus evaporated.
The authorities have taken a number of actions in response to the worsening external environment. With reserves falling and external shocks intensifying, the Central Bank of Azerbaijan (CBA) devalued the manat, and shifted to a managed float exchange rate regime. The devaluations helped to improve competitiveness. Since then, the CBA has allowed greater exchange rate flexibility, have taken measures to prevent capital outflows, and proceeded to merge and liquidate some problem banks. At the same time, the government has started to adjust fiscal policy to the fall in oil revenues. Public investment, which boomed when oil prices surged, has been lowered while new revenue generating fiscal measures have been introduced. Also, to protect the vulnerable, old-age pensions and targeted social assistance have been raised. Finally, a number of priority structural reforms to improve the business environment have also been announced.
Looking ahead, economic growth and balance of payments pressures are likely to remain major challenges for the authorities in the near term. However, the authorities are well placed to overcome these challenges, provided they further strengthen their policy response and given Azerbaijan's substantial buffers.