China leads as green energy investment plans hit record high
China helped push global green energy investment plans to record heights in 2015, offsetting a sharp fall in Germany, authors of a UN-backed report said on Thursday, predicting further growth.
Solar and wind power, especially in developing countries, are driving spending higher and last year for the first time renewables made up more than 50 percent of new electricity capacity plans, the Frankfurt School of Finance report said. "The term ' niche product' no longer applies to renewables," said Ulf Moslener, professor for sustainable energy finance at the school and one of the report's authors.
"Investments are becoming less expensive, due to falling equipment costs, which will also enable further growth, especially in light of the new momentum from the Paris climate summit goals," he told reporters.
Firmly committed renewable investment plans totaled $286 billion last year, up 5 percent from $273 billion in 2014, according to the study, which is prepared annually by the Frankfurt School-United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Collaborating Centre and Bloomberg New Energy Finance.
Solar power accounted for $148 billion, up 12 percent partly driven by an ongoing solar boom in Japan.
Wind accounted for $107 billion, up 9 percent helped by offshore projects. Biomass accounted for just $5 billion of investment pledges, down 46 percent. The study excludes large hydrological power projects because of environmental concerns. Other studies which include such data therefore may arrive at larger sums.
China accounted for $103 billion of the total, up 17 percent, ahead of Europe with $49 billion, the United States with $44.1 billion and Asia, excluding China and India, at $48 billion. China expects its greenhouse gas emissions to peak by "around 2030" as part of its commitments to a global pact to combat global warming signed in Paris last year.
China, India and Brazil and other emerging nations jointly outdid developed nations, with $156 billion or 55 percent of the total.
Spending plans in Germany, a leader in renewable projects, technology and research, fell by 46 percent to $8.5 billion in their steepest fall in 12 years, the report said.
Factors behind that fall included lower costs, limits to available land, and regulatory changes aimed at forcing renewables into market-based remuneration and away from fixed tariffs, it said.
Meanwhile, the machinery industry in China is expected to see mild growth this year as structural reform offers hope to the overcapacity sector.
The value-added output is expected to rise 5.5 percent year on year, said Wang Ruixiang, president of the China Machinery Industry Federation (CMIF), on Thursday.
The CMIF will promote the upgrade of the industry, boost innovation and enhance competitiveness through structural reform in 2016 as well as putting intelligent manufacturing as top priority, said Wang .
China's machine industry grew at an annual rate of more than 25 percent in the decade from 2001, when the country's economic engine maintained strong momentum. But the profitable sector has begun to suffer from serious overcapacity since 2011 as demand weakened and inventories piled up, weighed on by an overall economic slowdown.
In 2015, the value-added output of the machinery industry increased 5.5 percent year on year, down from the 10 percent growth rate seen in 2014, CMIF data showed.
Moreover, a new tax system will be implemented for cross-border e-commerce retail sales, said Chinese Ministry of Finance, the General Administration of Customs and the State Administration of Taxation on Thursday.
The implementation, which will come into effect on April 8, will offer cross-border businesses as well as traditional retailers a more fair competition mechanism.
As Chinese customers' overseas shopping spree and cross-border ecommerce craze get red hot, despite of a 7 percent downfall in China's import and export data, the growth rate of cross-border e-commerce went up to 30 percent.