New PhilMech director is a mechanized rice farmer
NOT MANY PEOPLE KNOW that Dr. Dionisio G. Alvindia, the new executive director of the Philippine Center for Postharvest Development and Mechanization (PhilMech), is a mechanized rice farmer.
He and his wife operate a 30-hectare rice farm in Quezon, Nueva Ecija, whose operations are mechanized, from land preparation and transplanting up to postharvesting.
We met Dr. Alvindia at the recent agricultural mechanization trade show in Cheonan City in Korea, and together, we got to examine the plentiful samples of agricultural machinery for practically every farming purpose. And he said that mechanization can really cut the cost of producing rice. As per his personal experience, he can save as much as PhP 6,500 on transplanting costs per hectare with the use of a transplanting machine.
Unknown to many, including those from the Department of Agriculture, he is about the first—or one of the first—to adopt the use of a mechanical transplanter. Being the scientist that he is, he acquired a transplanter by rehabilitating a second-hand tractor he bought for R120,000. He also fabricated metal trays for growing his seedlings.
How was he able to save R6,500 by mechanizing his transplanting? Here’s how. When the seedlings are transplanted manually, it takes 20 people to do the job on one hectare in one day. On the other hand, it takes only three workers to transplant by machine on one hectare using his improvised 4-row transplanter.
The daily wage of the 20 manual transplanters, including snacks and lunch, amounts to a total of R7,000. Add to that R1,000 as the cost of growing the seedlings; R2,000 for pulling, and R500 for hauling the seedlings to the field. That amounts to a total of R10,500 in costs.
In the case of transplanting by machine, the workers are allotted R1,500, including their food. Add R1,500 for fuel and R1,000 for growing the seedlings. There is no cost for pulling and hauling because the seedlings are in metal trays which are brought to the field by the tractor. That’s a total of R4,000, which means a savings of R6,500.
With 30 hectares, Dr. Alvindia could save a total of R195,000 on transplanting per cropping. If he plants two times a year, that will amount to R390,000.
Dr. Alvindia admits that in the beginning, he encountered some problems. There were some missing hills, but eventually, the problem was solved. The workers are now very efficient at doing their transplanting job.
COMBINE HARVESTER – Harvesting with a combine also
results in big savings. According to Dr. Alvindia, the harvesters get a share of 7.5 cavans per 100 cavans harvested. Then the cost of threshing is also 7.5 cavans per hundred cavans. That’s 15 cavans per 100 cavans. If the selling price of freshly threshed palay is R16 per kilo, one bag will be R800. Thus the 15 cavans are worth R12,000.
Let’s take the cost of combine harvesting. For every 100 cavans, the share of the combine harvester is 9 cavans worth R7,200. The palay is already threshed with one pass of the combine. So there’s a savings of R4,800 per 100 cavans harvested.
According to Dr. Alvindia, he normally harvests 170-180 cavans per hectare. That would be 5,100 to 5,400 cavans. And if the savings is R4,800 per hundred cavans, the savings will range from R244,800 to R259,200 from 30 hectares.
CLSU ALUMNUS – Dr. Alvindia got his bachelor’s degree in agriculture, major in pathology, from the Central Luzon State University in 1985. Immediately after graduation, he joined PhilMech as a research aide. Then in 1997 to 2003, he studied at the Tokyo University of Agriculture under a scholarship from Japan for his master’s and PhD degrees. In 2006-2008, he went back to Japan for his post-doctoral studies. That’s when he started to do research on biological crop protection products.
He has now patented two biological fungicides. One of them was developed from fungus and bacteria from the Cavendish banana. It has been found to control banana diseases like Sigatoka and Fusarium wilt, crown rot in papaya, and anthracnose in mango.
The other biological fungicide was derived from organisms in banana and cacao. It is also good for controlling banana diseases, vascular disease of cacao, and pod rot. The two are under further field testing prior to release for commercial use.
AT PHILMECH – Meanwhile, at PhilMech, Dr. Alvindia will be kept busy developing the farm mechanization equipment needed by different agriculture sectors. For one, he would like to develop improved stripping machines for abaca. A memorandum of understanding (MOU) between PhilMech and the Korea Agricultural Machinery Industry Cooperative (KAMICO) was recently signed. Under the MOU, the two parties will collaborate in promoting agricultural mechanization in the country through the establishment of a Farm Mechanization Center and in developing appropriate machinery for the Philippines.— ZAC B. SARIAN
Dr. Dionisio Alvindia, PhilMech executive director.
By using a mechanical harvester, Dr. Alvindia can save R4,800 for every 100 cavans harvested.
Dr. Alvindia (left) and KAMICO chairman Shin Gil Kim signing the MOU on the collaboration of PhilMech and Kamico to promote mechanization in the Philippines.