Crime surge due to Aquino’s in­com­pe­tence, not to death penalty’s lift­ing

Manila Times - - OPINION - TIGLAO Euro­pean Jour­nal of Law and Eco­nom­ics) PHILIP­PINE STATIS­TICS AU­THOR­ITY E-mail:tiglao.mani­la­times FB:Bo­biTiglao ANDRigob­er­toTiglao Archives: rigob­er­

in 2006, the in­dex crime rate even went down from 47.5 that year to 42 in 2007 and 41 in 2008. This com­pletely de­bunks Sen­a­tor Lac­son’s the­sis that the ab­sence of cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment en­cour­aged crim­i­nals to mur­der and rape more.

There was a surge in re­ports of in­dex crimes in 2009, but this was mainly due to a change in the Philip­pine Na­tional Po­lice’s re­port­ing sys­tem which ex­panded what po­lice precincts should re­port as crimes in their ju­ris­dic­tion. The PNP also clamped down on many precinct com­man­ders’ pen­chant to un­der­re­port crime in­ci­dences to make it ap­pear that they were ex­cel­lent law en­forcers in their ter­ri­tory.

Rock­eted up

As a re­sult, the num­ber of in­dex crimes re­ported rock­eted up from just 36,057 in 2008 to 301,703 in 2009 and 204,979 in 2010, prob­a­bly as po­lice precinct com­man­ders thought it was safer to err on the side of more crimes, not less.

The re­port­ing sys­tem, how­ever, seemed to have nor­mal­ized in the reg­is­ter­ing 218, 160, and 135 in­dex crimes per 100,000 peo­ple in 2010, 2011 and 2012, re­spec­tively.

How­ever, the in­dex crime rates surged in 2013 and 2014, to 466 and 493, re­spec­tively. Those huge num­bers prac­ti­cally in­di­cate a crime wave: from just 129,161 in­dex crimes in 2012,the num­ber more than dou­bled to 458,000 in 2013 and 492,000 in 2014.

This can only be ex­plained by the break­down of peace and or­der in the coun­try, as the PNP un­der of the po­lice, which likely were de­mor­al­ized by the in­com­pe­tence of In­te­rior Sec­re­tary Mar Roxas, who were also un­con­cerned about the surge in crime.

The il­le­gal-drug prob­lem had also pro­lif­er­ated, re­flected in the data that homi­cides — com­mit­ted of­ten by drugged ad­dicts — more than dou­bled, from 3,000 in 2012 to 6,500 in 2013, while in­ci­dences of phys­i­cal injury zoomed from just 35,000 in 2012 to 223,000 in 2013.

The data is in­dis­putable. The surge in heinous crimes was not be­cause of the lift­ing of the death penalty in 2006, but be­cause we had such an in­utile Pres­i­dent, in­ca­pable of ad­dress­ing the coun­try’s peren­nial crime prob­lem.

This of course is not some­thing - pre­hen­sive study in 2013 (“Rela - cy and crime rate: a world­wide ap­proach,” eval­u­ated the re­la­tion­ship be­tween crime rates in a num­ber of coun­tries from 1998 to 2006.

Po­lice ef­fi­ciency

Its firm con­clu­sion: It is po­lice ef­fi­ciency rather than such fac­tors as pop­u­la­tion den­sity, GDP per capita, or un­em­ploy­ment rate, that mainly de­ter­mines crime rates in par­tic­u­lar ter­ri­to­ries.

The well-known case here is of course New York City in the 1990s where Mayor Ru­dolph Gi­u­liani’s get-tough ap­proach to crime, as well as other ma­jor pol­icy changes (in­clud­ing such sim­ple moves walls and trains), very dra­mat­i­cally brought down the metropo­lis’ crime rate, with vi­o­lent crime declining more than 56 per­cent.

Be­fore Congress pushes to re­store the death penalty, which would be a step back­ward in our march to­wards be­com­ing a civ­i­lized so­ci­ety and would put us in the club of such coun­tries as North - dress­ing the crime prob­lem.

Cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment is also so against the poor who can’t af­ford lawyers: Af­ter the four rich brats sen­tenced to death for the rape of Mag­gie de la Riva in 1967 (three were ex­e­cuted, one died in prison from drug over­dose), I am not aware of any rich Filipino meted the death penalty, and ac­tu­ally killed.

There just isn’t any proof that cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment de­ters crime. Why rush in restor­ing it? It will be so sad if the Se­nate passes a law

Death penalty has got noth­ing to do with it. not based on facts, but mo­ti­vated ju­di­cial killings? by emotion or the cal­cu­la­tion that Af­ter all, we all agree that Duterte this would ap­peal to vot­ers. We’re is so to­tally dif­fer­ent from his wimpy aghast, and sick and tired of ex­traand lazy pre­de­ces­sor, and he can lick ju­di­cial killings. Now you want crime in our un­lucky coun­try.

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