Ef­fects of me­dia lit­er­acy on stu­dents’ val­ues

Panay News - - NATION - By Ma. Kath­leen G. Du­mol, Teacher III, Pan­i­tan Na­tional High School

SINCE its con­cep­tion, me­dia has been one of the prime agents of so­ci­etal change. Dur­ing Mar­cos’ dec­la­ra­tion of mar­tial law, ma­jor news sta­tions have been shut down be­cause they can stir pub­lic opin­ion. They can def­i­nitely help as far as stag­ing a coup d’etat.

Since time im­memo­rial, me­dia has been the source of news. In this day and age, life with­out tech­nol­ogy feels ut­terly im­pos­si­ble and life with­out the me­dia is sim­ply unimag­in­able. Me­dia pro­vides us with en­ter­tain­ment, in­for­ma­tion and com­fort.

Me­dia is even ac­knowl­edged as the pow­er­ful pil­lar of democ­racy. It is through me­dia that peo­ple can know what the govern­ment is do­ing.

The me­dia has the ca­pac­ity to hold the govern­ment ac­count­able, forc­ing them to ex­plain their ac­tions and de­ci­sions, all of which af­fect the peo­ple they rep­re­sent. The as­sump­tion in some so­ci­eties is that the press speaks for the peo­ple, thus the free­dom of speech and free­dom of the press acts in the coun­tries.

The rea­son for free­dom of the press is to en­sure that democ­racy is able to func­tion, so it is im­por­tant to un­der­stand that such leg­is­la­tion does not only pro­tect the func­tions of the press. With press free­dom we then know what the dif­fer­ing views in so­ci­ety

are, open­ing the floor to de­bate and dis­cus­sion, all of which aid healthy func­tion­ing of a demo­cratic so­ci­ety. Me­dia has the abil­ity to cre­ate change, both on a so­cial and gov­ern­men­tal level. All jour­nal­ists have the re­spon­si­bil­ity to re­port the un­bi­ased, ac­cu­rate in­for­ma­tion as it is re­ceived from re­li­able sources. It is their obli­ga­tion to ob­tain all sides of a story and to re­port on both the good and the bad stuff.

How­ever, re­spon­si­ble jour­nal­ism also re­quires a bal­ance of the good and bad stuff in news­pa­pers and in broad­cast re­ports.

So­cial me­dia plat­forms that mil­len­nial stu­dents grow up to – Face­book, Twit­ter, I nsta­gram, Pin­ter­est, blogs, vlogs, YouTube, among oth­ers – has a wider cov­er­age as well as a wider view­er­ship than in many years. Its reach is ex­po­nen­tial.

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