Home Eco­nom­ics: Filipino ba­sic liv­ing and life­style

Panay News - - REGION -  By Eu­nice D. Depaur, Pobla­cion Ilaya, Maayon, Capiz

IN THIS ar­ti­cle, we will know about Filipino ba­sic liv­ing and life­style which is part of the Home Eco­nom­ics com­po­nent of the Tech­nol­ogy and Liveli­hood Ed­u­ca­tion sub­ject in school.

What con­sists a ba­sic liv­ing for Filipinos? Ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Eco­nomic Devel­op­ment Author­ity ( NEDA), a Filipino fam­ily of four must earn a gross monthly in­come of P120,000 to at­tain a “sim­ple and com­fort­able life.”

By “sim­ple and com­fort­able life,” it means earn­ing enough money for day-to-day needs, hav­ing the ca­pa­bil­ity to send chil­dren to col­lege, own­ing a medium-sized home and a car, and be­ing able to take oc­ca­sional trips around the coun­try.

In a sur­vey con­ducted by NEDA, a huge ma­jor­ity of Filipinos ( 79.2%) as­pire to live sim­ply and com­fort­ably, while an­other smaller seg­ment wants an af­flu­ent life (16.9%) and a very small por­tion as­pires for the life of the rich (3.9%).

Re­spon­dents iden­ti­fied un­ex­pected ex­penses, ill­ness and loans as the big­gest hin­drances to sav­ing money while in­suf­fi­cient in­come, ill­ness and loss of in­ter­est are the con­straints to ed­u­ca­tion.

For ma­jor­ity of Filipinos, hunger, lo­cal em­ploy­ment and poverty are the pri­mary eco­nomic is­sues that the gov­ern­ment should ad­dress. They as­pire for a gov­ern­ment that can erad­i­cate cor­rup­tion, fair in en­forc­ing the law and quick in re­spond­ing to com­plaints. This is the cur­rent state of Filipino home eco­nom­ics in gen­eral, with re­gards to ba­sic liv­ing and life­style, or what the study has ex­plained as “sim­ple and com­fort­able.”

Life­styles and liv­ing con­di­tions are fun­da­men­tal fields to the un­der­stand­ing of youth speci­ficity and cul­ture, of their con­crete so­cial con­di­tions of ex­is­tence, and also of the close re­la­tion be­tween their be­hav­iors and the struc­ture of op­por­tu­ni­ties and con­straints, de­fined both at lo­cal and in­ter­na­tional set­tings in which they oc­cur.

Young peo­ple need to be fully

rec­og­nized as im­por­tant stake­hold­ers in all lev­els of de­ci­sion-mak­ing pro­cesses that af­fect them, not just be­cause they will have to en­dure the ex­treme eco­nomic and so­cial con­se­quences of cli­mate change and the de­ple­tion of nat­u­ral re­sources, but also be­cause they can help find solutions to cur­rent prob­lems by con­tribut­ing a new and fresh per­spec­tive.

Leav­ing the parental home, en­ter­ing a part­ner­ship, hav­ing chil­dren are all both im­por­tant de­mo­graphic events and mean­ing­ful so­cial mark­ers in one’s life.

Ac­cord­ing to Rind­fuss, tran­si­tion to adult­hood is a “de­mo­graph­i­cally dense pe­riod of mul­ti­ple tran­si­tions,” even when we rec­og­nize that this pe­riod has been ex­tended in time, and that some adult­hood mark­ers are in­creas­ingly post­poned or avoided by younger gen­er­a­tions.

The risk of be­com­ing poor is closely linked to the tim­ing of departure from the parental home. In fact, some stud­ies have found that mov­ing out of the parental house­hold is the “strong­est pre­dic­tor” be­hind youth poverty.

Pop­u­lar per­cep­tions of leisure range from avail­abil­ity of free time: from “non-work time,” to “self-time” or to “fun time.” It can be used ac­tively and pas­sively.

Leisure stud­ies have stated that

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