Want to join the CNG?

Sun.Star Baguio - - Opinion -

ITS act must have been so se­ri­ous that Pres­i­den­tial As­sis­tant for the Visayas Michael Lloyd Dino has tapped the Na­tional Bureau of In­ves­ti­ga­tion (NBI) and the Crim­i­nal In­ves­ti­ga­tion and De­tec­tion Group (CIDG) to in­ves­ti­gate an or­ga­ni­za­tion that claims to be a Duterte sup­porter but is col­lect­ing fees from the in­di­gents.

Ac­cord­ing to Dino, this or­ga­ni­za­tion al­legedly col­lects a fee of P200 to P300 from the in­di­gent sec­tor on the prom­ise that they can avail of the hous­ing pro­gram and liveli­hood ben­e­fit from the gov­ern­ment.

The Depart­ment of So­cial Wel­fare and Depart­ment (DSWD) and the Na­tional Hous­ing Au­thor­ity (NHA) are agen­cies un­der the Of­fice of the Pres­i­dent that han­dles so­cial wel­fare ben­e­fits and the gov­ern­ment’s hous­ing pro­grams, re­spec­tively.

An or­ga­ni­za­tion out­side of gov­ern­ment re­duce the cost through elim­i­nat­ing some of their em­ploy­ees. Even­tu­ally, this may lead to the in­crease of un­em­ploy­ment rate.

In or­der to pre­vent this, the gov­ern­ment can use an­other so­lu­tion after im­pos­ing the min­i­mum wage. The gov­ern­ment can give fi­nan­cial aid to the peo­ple who are un­em­ployed, like that of the 4Ps. With this aid, an in­di­vid­ual can be ed­u­cated, which gives them the in­cen­tive to work and gives them the op­por­tu­nity to be em­ployed. In fact, the Gawad Kalinga is us­ing the method of ed­u­cat­ing peo­ple in poverty in or­der to re­duce poverty in the Philip­pines.

How­ever, aid also has neg­a­tive as­pects. First of all, the fi­nan­cial aid given to the un­em­ployed can be in­cor­rectly used. For ex­am­ple, they can use the money to pur­chase drugs or smok­ing, which af­fects the so­ci­ety neg­a­tively (neg­a­tive ex­ter­nal­ity of con­sump­tion).

Fur­ther­more, when the gov­ern­ment gives these ben­e­fits, the gov­ern­ment bud­get will de­crease and the gov­ern­ment won’t be able to use money for other pur­poses e.g. im­prove­ment of the in­fra­struc­ture of the coun­try.

How­ever, with these neg­a­tive ef­fects of each of the so­lu­tions, I be­lieve that the pos­i­tive ef­fects, peo­ple get­ting out of poverty, out­weigh the neg­a­tive ef­fects.

-o0oThis sec­ond es­say is writ­ten by James (Je­wook) that col­lects money sup­pos­edly in ex­change for gov­ern­ment ben­e­fits is sim­ply mis­rep­re­sen­ta­tion, a pun­ish­able act un­der the Re­vised Pe­nal Code.

This group does not only erode the peo­ple’s trust in Pres­i­dent Duterte but also af­fects Dino’s of­fice.

-o0oWhat is the age re­quire­ment to join the Ci­ti­zen’s Na­tional Guard (CNG) that Jus­tice Sec­re­tary Vi­tal­iano Aguirre III or­ga­nized? I ask be­cause I might join it if a se­nior ci­ti­zen like me would qual­ify. But it’s funny that after Ma­jor­ity Floor Leader Rodolfo Far­iñas failed in his pro­posal to cre­ate the Leg­isla­tive Po­lice, here comes Sec­re­tary Aguirre or­ga­niz­ing a CNG to de­fend the Pres­i­dent. Jeong and he also writes about NO POVERTY.

“There are no poor­ness but poverty left in mod­ern so­ci­ety”.

I be­lieve this as a true, hard sen­tence that frankly ex­poses the prob­lem of mod­ern so­ci­ety.

What are the dif­fer­ences be­tween poor­ness and poverty?

Well, poor is an eco­nomic state, but poverty in­cludes psy­cho­log­i­cal, or in lay­man’s term a “mind­set”. At least for the term of poor­ness, there is a space for a “breath”, but for poverty it seems like a hope­less quandary like a track­less desert.

The mem­ory of 1960s and 1970s were poor. But there was a sign of warmth in it. Peo­ple were hun­gry but they were not alone. How­ever, peo­ple who are poor in these days are def­i­nitely alone com­pared to those who were back in the 60s and 70s. Be­fore, peo­ple were try­ing to lean on each other to get over their hump, but not any­more. In this state, poverty makes hu­man life so mis­er­able and stren­u­ous.

In mod­ern so­ci­ety, eco­nomic ca­pac­ity of in­di­vid­ual is an in­evitable fac­tor to con­sider in dis­cussing poverty typ­i­cally due to our eco­nomic struc­tural sys­tem and poverty can newly de­fined as a se­vere con­straint on nor­mal liv­ing. It is a forced re­duc­tion in con­sump­tion, due to in­suf­fi­cient in­come and men­ac­ing sur­round­ing con­di­tions.

The ex­treme poverty leads to per­ma­nent and in­escapable hunger, in­suf­fi­cient and un­healthy diet. Hunger and mal­nu­tri­tion weaken the body, the mind and the ca­pa­bil­ity to work. It be­comes a trap be­cause

For Aguirre, en­e­mies of the State are: the Is­lamic State-in­spired ter­ror­ism; the Com­mu­nist Party of the Philip­pines and the New Peo­ple’s Army; drug car­tels; the “sedi­tious po­lit­i­cal op­po­si­tion” or “Yel­low­tards” and for­eign in­tel­li­gence agen­cies “gen­er­at­ing in­ter­na­tional sup­port for regime change.” But Mr. Jus­tice Sec­re­tary, your CNG only drags down the Pres­i­dent be­cause of your in­se­cu­rity.

I am cer­tain a hun­dred times that Pres­i­dent Duterte will stay in of­fice un­til his term ends, ex­cept for nat­u­ral cause. His trust rat­ing may have gone down but this does not mean that ma­jor­ity of the Filipinos don’t want him to com­plete his term.

The Pres­i­dent has the en­tire Armed Forces and the Philip­pine Na­tional Po­lice at his beck and call when emer­gency arises to de­fend the State and the duly elected of­fi­cials. Hence, a CNG is un­called for. SSCebu of feed­backs be­tween low oc­cu­pa­bil­ity, low pro­duc­tiv­ity, low in­come and hunger.

In­ter­na­tional aid is di­rected to­wards coun­tries where hunger is wide­spread, but these aids are usu­ally in­suf­fi­cient and not timely for peo­ple to over­come the poverty trap, and the de­pen­dence of the poor from the will of the donor.

Aside from this, there are other poli­cies that the coun­tries’ gov­ern­ments can im­ple­ment.

First is to re­duce un­em­ploy­ment. Un­em­ploy­ment is a ma­jor cause of poverty be­cause the un­em­ployed have lit­tle in­come, re­ly­ing on state ben­e­fits. Un­em­ploy­ment can be re­duced through both sup­ply-side poli­cies, such as free train­ing schemes for those who are struc­turally un­em­ployed.

Sec­ond, they can use a more re­al­is­tic pro­gres­sive tax sys­tem. This sys­tem tends to charge higher in­come tax rates to those in high-in­come lev­els. This can be an ef­fec­tive way for re­duc­ing rel­a­tive poverty.

How­ever, crit­ics ar­gue higher in­come taxes may cre­ate a dis­in­cen­tive to work, lead­ing to less out­put. This is be­cause higher tax makes work less at­trac­tive and re­duces the op­por­tu­nity cost of leisure. There­fore, peo­ple may work less and en­joy more leisure. This is known as the sub­sti­tu­tion ef­fect.

Yes, not every pol­icy is ef­fi­cient. That is the real prob­lem of the “poverty” in mod­ern so­ci­ety. This is the right time for gov­ern­ments and other non-gov­ern­men­tal or­ga­ni­za­tions around the world like the UN to think on how to end this vi­cious cy­cle.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Philippines

© PressReader. All rights reserved.