Se­cu­rity Coun­cil en­dorses UN plan to break Libya stale­mate


UNITED NA­TIONS: The UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil en­dorsed a UN ac­tion plan Tues­day to break the po­lit­i­cal stale­mate in Libya that has di­vided the coun­try into com­pet­ing gov­ern­ments with two par­lia­ments and an ar­ray of ri­val mili­tias.

A pres­i­den­tial state­ment ap­proved by all 15 mem­bers backs the pro­posal by new UN en­voy, Ghas­san Salame, to amend the UN peace agree­ment signed by dif­fer­ent Libyan fac­tions in 2015.

It also wel­comes Salame’s ob­jec­tive of sup­port­ing a Libyan-led tran­si­tion that will lead to the es­tab­lish­ment of a “stable, uni­fied, rep­re­sen­ta­tive and ef­fec­tive” gov­ern­ment.

Libya fell into chaos after the ouster and killing of Muam­mar Qaddafi in 2011. The coun­try’s di­vi­sions have em­pow­ered hun­dreds of mili­tias to be­come the real power on the ground where hu­man traf­fick­ing, fuel smug­gling and ter­ror­ists have also thrived.

But in late July, Pres­i­dent Fayez Al-Sar­raj of Libya’s in­ter­na­tion­ally rec­og­nized unity gov­ern­ment in the west and east­ern mil­i­tary leader Gen. Khal­ifa Haf­tar met in Paris and com­mit­ted to a cease-fire.

They also agreed to work to­ward pres­i­den­tial and par­lia­men­tary elec­tions and to find a roadmap for se­cur­ing the law­less coun­try against ter­ror­ism and traf­fick­ing.

Libya’s Par­lia­ment, which was elected in 2014, has re­fused to give its vote of con­fi­dence to the gov­ern­ment headed by Al-Sar­raj. It in­sisted on amend­ing a di­vi­sive article in the 2015 peace agree­ment, which keeps the com­mand of the army un­der the Par­lia­ment in­stead of giv­ing it to Al-Sar­raj.

Salame has pro­posed amend­ments to the peace agree­ment.

Last month, UN Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral An­to­nio Guter­res called Libya the top pri­or­ity for me­di­a­tion, say­ing he be­lieves “progress can be made in the short term.” He ap­pealed to all coun­tries with in­flu­ence in Libya and all Libyans “to seize this op­por­tu­nity and to be able to over­come the di­vi­sions and move in the di­rec­tion of a so­lu­tion.”

The Se­cu­rity Coun­cil strongly urged all Libyans “to work to­gether in a spirit of com­pro­mise and to en­gage con­struc­tively in the in­clu­sive po­lit­i­cal process” set out in Salame’s plan.

The coun­cil also reaf­firmed that the 2015 peace agree­ment “re­mains the only vi­able frame­work to end the Libyan po­lit­i­cal cri­sis.”

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