c. 5,400 BC
Archaeologists discovered wine residue in a jar that dates back to around 5,400 BC. This important process – the fermentation of grapes into an alcoholic beverage – appears to have been discovered at Hajji Firuz in Iran’s Zagros Mountains. Early forms of beer, mead and honey wine, and other alcoholic varieties made from wild fruit, predate wine as we know it. The first alcoholic drinks were relatively weak, until an Arab chemist created the distillation process around 700 AD.