Sad­dle and Stir­rups

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Asian Geographic - - Culture - In­dia and Ara­bia Cen­tral Asia

c. 200 ad

Horses were do­mes­ti­cated as far back as 4,000 BC, prob­a­bly in Cen­tral Asia. How­ever, for thou­sands of years, rid­ers rode bare­back and used only a rope har­ness and bit to di­rect the an­i­mals. Around 200 AD, the con­sum­mate horse­men and women of Cen­tral Asia de­vel­oped the leather sad­dle. They later added a metal stir­rup for ease of mount­ing and dis­mount­ing. When com­bined, these two in­ven­tions al­lowed Cen­tral Asians and other rid­ers to shoot ar­rows and drive lances from horse­back, sig­nif­i­cantly im­pact­ing both hunt­ing tech­niques and war­fare.

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