BIG AFRICA’S FIVE

THE PAIN AND VIC­TORY BE­HIND THE STORY An Ex­clu­sive Fea­ture On Africa’s Great­est Free­dom He­roes

Nomad Africa Magazine - - Africa’s Big Five - Words: ASHLEY ADDEH

our he­roes' strug­gle for po­lit­i­cal in­de­pen­dence teaches us of the sac­ri­fice that must be made. Their hero­ism must tran­scend the strug­gle for po­lit­i­cal in­de­pen­dence, and in­spire a new gen­er­a­tion of he­roes that must sac­ri­fice for the indigenous ma­jor­ity's pur­suit of indi­geni­sa­tion and eco­nomic em­pow­er­ment. The lega­cies of a hero can only live on and find in­fin­ity within the cause of peo­ple and na­tion. Ghana will al­ways com­mem­o­rate and lay claim to Kwame Nku­rumah, how­ever much his hero­ism may re­flect across the rest of Africa. Patrice Lu­mumba, is the iconic fig­ure who most read­ily comes to mind when Africa is dis­cussed in re­la­tion to its strug­gle against im­pe­ri­al­ism and racism. He lost power, he lost his coun­try, and in the end, he lost his life. Mr Ken­neth David Kaunda of Zambia is one of Africa’s great­est politi­cians and lib­er­a­tors from colo­nial pow­ers. Born on 28 April, 1924 in Lubwa, near Chin­sali, in the then North­ern Rhode­sia and now part of Zambia, his fa­ther hailed from Malawi, for­merly known as Nyasa­land, and it was this legacy that would later be­come yet an­other chal­lenge to Zambia’s first pres­i­dent af­ter Bri­tain had re­lin­quished colo­nial power. Jomo Keny­ata's hero­ism for his peo­ple's pur­pose will forever be spo­ken of within the name of the na­tion and its peo­ple, Kenya and Kenyans. How­ever, much of the West will take Nelson Man­dela's hero­ism hostage, it is South Africa's ma­jor­ity black peo­ple that shall weigh his hero­ism with their present strug­gle, which long ceased to be po­lit­i­cal and has be­come eco­nomic. The con­ti­nent's lead­ers have de­scribed Nelson Man­dela as one of the great­est fig­ures of con­tem­po­rary Africa. Ghana's Pres­i­dent John Dra­mani Ma­hama said: "It is no co­in­ci­dence that in the years since Man­dela's re­lease, so much of Africa has turned to­ward democ­racy and the rule of law. His uti­liza­tion of peace as a ve­hi­cle of lib­er­a­tion showed Africa that if we were to move be­yond the di­vi­sive­ness caused by coloni­sa­tion and the pain of our self-in­flicted wounds, com­pas­sion and for­give­ness must play a role in gov­er­nance." Sene­gal's Pres­i­dent Macky Sall said: "We have lost a gi­ant, one of the great­est fig­ures in con­tem­po­rary Africa. No man of our time has given so much for the cause of his peo­ple, for Africa, and for the good of mankind. Nelson Man­dela taught us courage, strength, for­give­ness. He showed us that a hu­man be­ing could be bet­ter."

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