For­ma­tion of UMkhonto WeSizwe

Public Sector Manager - - News -

In 1961 af­ter many years of school­ing and work­ing as a teacher, lawyer and ac­tivist, OR Tambo left his coun­try of birth af­ter the lib­er­a­tion move­ment’s NEC man­date that or­dered Tambo to head its diplo­matic mis­sion and to com­mu­ni­cate to the world the sit­u­a­tion in South Africa. For decades he lived in a for­eign land. As head of Mis­sion in Ex­ile, he had to over­see the grow­ing num­ber of lib­er­a­tion move­ments in ex­ile, the uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK) mil­i­tary camps, fundrais­ing, the set­ting up of ANC of­fices around the world, the wel­fare of ANC cadres (in ex­ile) as well as in­ter­act with the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. In Jan­uary 1962 OR Tambo met a del­e­ga­tion from home in Tan­za­nia, that had slipped out of the coun­try. They ex­plained to him the de­tails of the de­ci­sion to launch MK and armed op­er­a­tions, and the need to co­op­er­ate closely with al­liances in this process. The del­e­ga­tion worked out a pro­gramme for the Ex­ter­nal Mis­sion un­der the new cir­cum­stances whereby OR Tambo had to de­velop diplo­matic sup­port for MK.

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