Di­a­betes and its ef­fects on the eye

Weekend Argus (Saturday Edition) - - LIFE -

JA KRUGER SPOKESPER­SON DI­A­BETIC eye dis­ease is a com­pre­hen­sive term used to de­scribe a group of eye prob­lems that peo­ple with di­a­betes may face as a com­pli­ca­tion of their ill­ness. All of th­ese dis­eases have the po­ten­tial to cause se­vere vi­sion loss or even blind­ness. There­fore, di­a­betic eye treat­ment is of ut­most im­por­tance.

Con­trol­ling blood sugar is the sin­gle most im­por­tant thing a per­son with di­a­betes can do to pre­vent the com­pli­ca­tions of di­a­betes and di­a­betic retinopa­thy. In ad­di­tion to the im­por­tance of diet and ex­er­cise, high blood pres­sure should be strictly con­trolled and kept nor­mal. Smok­ing is known to be par­tic­u­larly bad for peo­ple with di­a­betes be­cause it pro­motes the clo­sure of blood ves­sels.

The sever­ity of di­a­betic retinopa­thy is of­ten re­lated to the length of time the per­son has had the ill­ness. All peo­ple with di­a­betes, es­pe­cially those who have had di­a­betes a long time, should have reg­u­lar eye ex­am­i­na­tions (par­tic­u­larly ex­am­i­na­tions of the retina, through a di­lated pupil) to be sure that di­a­betic retinopa­thy is not de­vel­op­ing. Laser eye treat­ment can be help­ful for the treat­ment of di­a­betic retinopa­thy. Avastin and Lu­cen­tis in­jec­tion may be ben­e­fi­cial to some pa­tients suf­fer­ing from mac­u­lar edema re­lated to their di­a­betes. Vitrec­tomy surgery may be in­di­cated for pa­tients with ad­vanced di­a­betic eye dis­ease.

For a com­pre­hen­sive di­a­betic eye ex­am­i­na­tion, call The Tyger­val­ley Eye & Laser Cen­tre on the num­ber in the ad­ver­tise­ment on this page. See our web­site for more in­for­ma­tion about how di­a­betes can af­fect your eyes at www.eye­laser­clinic.co.za.

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