Your Baby & Toddler - - 2016 FAMILY EMERGENCY -

Toy chests must have light­weight lids, no lids, or safe clos­ing hinges.

Al­ways en­sure that the toys your child plays with are age-ap­pro­pri­ate and meet her skill level and in­ter­est. A toy with many small parts, for in­stance, is not suit­able for even a young tod­dler.

Bal­loons are al­ways dan­ger­ous and pose a se­ri­ous risk of suf­fo­ca­tion. Chil­dren should never be al­lowed to play with de­flated bal­loons, and never leave your child alone to play with in­flated bal­loons.

Strings, straps and cords on any toy should be trimmed to less than 50cm to pre­vent stran­gu­la­tion.

Check your child’s toys reg­u­larly for dam­age and other haz­ards. An easy way to do this is to be in­volved with your child’s play.

Al­ways throw the pack­ag­ing ma­te­ri­als from new toys away im­me­di­ately. Plas­tic bags, bub­ble wrap, sta­ples, nails and wire ties are all se­ri­ous safety haz­ards for chil­dren.

stand or kneel be­hind them to per­form the Heim­lich ma­noeu­vre.

Wrap your arms around them, and make a fist with one hand. Place your fist against their stom­ach, just above the belly but­ton.

Place your other hand over your fist. Po­si­tion your body up against them.

Give a series of five hard force­ful squeezes. You are try­ing to force the air out of the vic­tim, in an at­tempt to dis­lodge the ob­ject. If this doesn’t work, then you can try us­ing a series of back blows to ex­pel the ob­ject:

Po­si­tion the pa­tient with their head as low as pos­si­ble.

Hit them force­fully be­tween the shoul­der blades. Re­peat this ac­tion five times.

Keep re­peat­ing Heim­lich thrusts and back blows un­til the ob­ject is re­leased.

Give five hard slaps to the baby’s back. You should do this with the in­ten­tion of shak­ing the ob­ject loose, so don’t be too gen­tle

If the ob­ject doesn’t come out, turn the baby onto his back. While sup­port­ing the en­tire body, place two fin­gers on the mid­dle of the chest. Give up to five hard chest thrusts.

Keep re­peat­ing black slaps and chest thrusts un­til the ob­ject comes out. Keep check­ing in the mouth to see if you can see the ob­ject. If you can see it, pull it out.

If the ob­ject does not come out in the first few sec­onds, call for pro­fes­sional help. Don’t try to re­trieve the ob­ject if you can­not see it.

If five back slaps are un­suc­cess­ful, hold the baby’s head with your other hand and turn him face up to lie along your op­po­site arm, while rest­ing his body on your thigh.

Keep the baby’s head po­si­tioned lower than his body, with the back of his

of the fol­low­ing symp­toms af­ter a head in­jury: Blurred vi­sion. Neck pain. Con­fu­sion. Blood or clear, wa­tery liq­uid com­ing from the ears or nose. Pupils of dif­fer­ent sizes. A loss of con­scious­ness. A fit or seizure. He can’t re­mem­ber what hap­pened.

He’s sleepy and you can’t wake him eas­ily. Vomits per­sis­tently. Not speak­ing or walk­ing nor­mally.

Has a deep cut, or one that won’t stop bleed­ing, de­spite intervention. Call for med­i­cal as­sis­tance if any of these symp­toms ap­ply. At the hospi­tal your child will be ex­am­ined and on oc­cas­sion may need a CT scan that will show if there are any signs of brain in­jury or bleed­ing in the brain. Your child may need to be ad­mit­ted to the hospi­tal. bites cause a lo­cal reaction (red­ness and swelling). In some in­stances the child may have an al­ler­gic reaction and in cases of se­vere al­lergy an ana­phy­lac­tic reaction.

If a wasp or bee stings your child don’t try to re­move the sting with your fin­gers, as this will force more poi­son into the flesh.

Use a blunt, flat ob­ject like a plas­tic ruler, credit card or but­ter knife to scrape over the area. Use a mo­tion that is flush with the skin.

To re­move a tick, cover it with petroleum jelly. Us­ing tweez­ers, hold it as close to your child’s skin as pos­si­ble and pull it straight out with steady pres­sure. Ap­ply dis­in­fec­tant to the area of skin.

Watch for symp­toms of tick bite fever, such as headaches, nau­sea and flu-like symp­toms.

Put bath oil in your child’s

Your child’s face may turn bluish or grey.

Her eyes may up­wards.

She may drool or foam at the mouth and may lose con­trol of her blad­der or bowel ( wee or poo un­con­trol­lably).

Your first pri­or­ity is to pre­vent your child from hurt­ing her­self.

If the child is a known epilep­tic and fits you do not need to call the emer­gency ser­vices as your doc­tor would have told you what to do in the case of fit­ting.

If your child does not stop fit­ting or if the child has stopped fit­ting and then starts fit­ting again, call the emer­gency ser­vices for as­sis­tance.

If this is your child’s first fit and you don’t know what the cause is, call the emer­gency ser­vices and fol­low the steps be­low. a cush­ion or some­thing soft un­der her and loosen any tight cloth­ing she may be wear­ing.

Do not try to hold her down or to force any­thing into her mouth. Do not give her any­thing to drink.

Any child who has a seizure should be seen by a doc­tor to de­ter­mine and/ or treat the cause.

It is com­mon for a child to be drowsy af­ter a seizure. rule out other causes, such as epilepsy.

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