12 months

Your Baby & Toddler - - Front Page -

Your baby will re­quire breast milk or cow’s milk for­mula as her main drink up to 12 months of age. This is to en­sure she re­ceives suf­fi­cient calo­ries, pro­tein, cal­cium and other es­sen­tial mi­cronu­tri­ents. As you plan on re­turn­ing to work and wean­ing her off your milk, it is ad­vis­able you in­tro­duce a fol­low-on for­mula un­til she is at least one. Be­tween 500-600ml of for­mula per day will be ad­e­quate at this stage. Cows’ milk can be in­tro­duced into cook­ing from 6 months of age, how­ever it is not suit­able as a drink un­til af­ter 12 months of age. When you do in­tro­duce cow’s milk, use full-cream milk un­til at least two years of age to en­sure suf­fi­cient calo­ries and vi­ta­min A to sup­port your child’s needs.

Goats’ milk and sheep’s milk; con­densed or evap­o­rated milks; as well as dairy-free al­ter­na­tives such

A new­born can’t un­der­stand the sounds around him, but he is al­ready learn­ing to know the world through his ears. Ba­bies prefer hu­man voices to any other sound. They also prefer high voices. Your in­stinct to do “’baby talk” is there­fore spot on!

As your baby gets older, his abil­ity to hear and dis­tin­guish be­tween sounds will im­prove. Be­tween three and seven months he will dis­tin­guish be­tween sounds and even recog­nise his own name at seven months. Be­tween eight and 12 months your baby will lis­ten when spo­ken to and he will recog­nise sim­ple words such as ball and bath.

Chat to your baby of­ten. Play mu­sic for him to en­joy. Avoid un­nec­es­sary noise, such as the tele­vi­sion on when no­body is watch­ing. ✓ Sing to your baby. He loves your voice. This is your baby’s strong­est sense at birth. He is very sen­si­tive to smells and does not like bad smells.

If you ob­serve your baby care­fully, you will be­come aware of how his sense of smell de­vel­ops. Some­where be­tween three and seven months he will start to smell the food you pre­pare for the fam­ily and he might be­gin to show an in­ter­est.

Once he has mas­tered solids, you can start giv­ing him a softer ver­sion of your food. This is how he learns to con­nect smell and taste with each other. From eight months you can start to stim­u­late his sense of smell. Walk out­side and give him things to sniff, from flow­ers to the smell of a rub­ber ball.

✓ Avoid strongly per­fumed soap and wash­ing pow­der be­cause they can over stim­u­late baby’s sense of smell. ✓ Avoid per­fume while breast­feed­ing. In the first few months of life, your baby is de­pen­dent on you for touch. He does not have the hand-eye co­or­di­na­tion to touch things him­self.

He is very sen­si­tive to touch and prefers soft ma­te­ri­als. Ba­bies also feel with their mouth, and from four months they learn to bring ob­jects to the mouth for fur­ther ex­plo­ration. Now is the time to in­tro­duce your baby to dif­fer­ent tex­tures. When he be­gins to move, he will be free te ex­plore the world and tex­tures and sur­faces in your house and gar­den.

✓ Make a lot of skin to skin con­tact with your baby. This makes him feel safe and even gives his im­mune sys­tem a boost. ✓ Mas­sage your baby. ✓ In­tro­duce your older baby to dif­fer­ent tex­tures or tem­per­a­tures. ✓ Let your baby en­joy messy play.

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