The sum­mit dis­cussed is­sues re­lated to eco­nomic col­lab­o­ra­tion, re­gional and global se­cu­rity, the need for open trade and fight against pro­tec­tion­ism and work of the New Devel­op­ment Bank.

Sunday Times (Sri Lanka) - - COMMENT - From eco­nomics to pol­i­tics BRICS lead­ers Xi­a­men Dec­la­ra­tion BRICS: A les­son to western coun­tries

ap­proved seven in­vest­ment projects worth around $1.5 bil­lion, Putin said that the NDB will soon ap­prove new in­vest­ment projects worth up to $3 bil­lion.

Also speak­ing about the need to de­crease the dom­i­nance of the US dol­lar as the world re­serve cur­rency, Putin said that BRICS na­tions have al­ready agreed to trade in na­tional cur­ren­cies.

The sum­mit’s po­lit­i­cal and se­cu­rity dis­course demon­strates that the bloc is grad­u­ally evolv­ing from their strong eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion to pro­mot­ing global gov­er­nance.

This is most op­por­tune as our world is be­set with a mul­ti­tude of po­lit­i­cal prob­lems (sanc­tions and counter sanc­tions, il­le­gal mil­i­tary es­capades into sov­er­eign states, numer­ous regime changes), and now, the threat of a nu­clear war hang­ing over the world like the sword of Damo­cles.

Among the smoul­der­ing geo-po­lit­i­cal ten­sions are NATO’s ex­pan­sion into East­ern Europe and sur­round­ing Rus­sia with mil­i­tary bases and THAAD mis­siles; the United States’ ef­forts to limit China’s dom­i­nance in the South China Sea; In­dia’s op­po­si­tion to China’s One Belt One Road ( New Silk Road) ini­tia­tive; In­dia’s de­sire to dom­i­nate the In­dian Ocean; and the bel­liger­ent be­hav­iour of North Korea against all es­tab­lished norms of in­ter­na­tional law.

Also, the never end­ing - decades long - crises in the Mid­dle East thanks to il­le­gal regime changes and the Arab Spring to force feed democ­racy have caused death and de­struc­tion, failed states, civil wars, ter­ror­ism, mass mi­gra­tion, mil­lions dead and multi-mil­lions home­less.

The sum­mit con­cluded with the BRICs lead­ers sign­ing the 70 para­graphs long Xi­a­men Dec­la­ra­tion that un­der­scores their com­mit­ment to glob­al­i­sa­tion - in con­trast to the west's more pro­tec­tion­ist and in­ward-look­ing poli­cies.

Pres­i­dent Xi said that “Our ever closer ties with the rest of the world re­quire that we five coun­tries play a more ac­tive part in global gov­er­nance” and stressed that “with­out our par­tic­i­pa­tion, many press­ing global chal­lenges can­not be ef­fec­tively re­solved”.

The dec­la­ra­tion states that “Cog­nizant of the pro­found changes the world is un­der­go­ing and the global se­cu­rity chal­lenges and threats faced by the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity, we com­mit to en­hance com­mu­ni­ca­tion and co­op­er­a­tion in in­ter­na­tional fora on is­sues con­cern­ing in­ter­na­tional peace and se­cu­rity”.

Fur­ther­more, the dec­la­ra­tion ex­presses the BRICS coun­tries res­o­lute po­si­tion on Syria, Pales­tine, Qatar, Iraq, Ye­men, Afghanistan, Libya, Su­dan, North Korea, etc., and ex­pressed their readi­ness to con­trib­ute to­wards a just and last­ing res­o­lu­tion of these con­flicts.

It strongly de­plores the nu­clear test con­ducted by North Korea, and em­pha­siz- es that “it should only be set­tled through peace­ful means and di­rect di­a­logue of all par­ties con­cerned.”

The dec­la­ra­tion con­firms its “com­mit­ment to safe­guard­ing world peace and se­cu­rity and to up­hold­ing the ba­sic norms of in­ter­na­tional law, and the pur­poses and prin­ci­ples of the Char­ter of the United Na­tions in­clud­ing sov­er­eign equal­ity and non-in­ter­fer­ence in other coun­tries’ in­ter­nal af­fairs”.

Most im­por­tantly, the BRICS na­tions con­demn “uni­lat­eral mil­i­tary in­ter­ven­tions, eco­nomic sanc­tions and ar­bi­trary use of uni­lat­eral co­er­cive mea­sures in vi­o­la­tion of in­ter­na­tional law and uni­ver­sally recog­nised norms of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions”.

And, they em­pha­size that “no coun­try should en­hance its se­cu­rity at the ex­pense of the se­cu­rity of oth­ers.”

It’s time for western coun­tries to learn from BRICS - the most pow­er­ful de­vel­op­ing coun­tries that are ea­ger to main­tain their sovereignty, and have no de­sire to un­der­mine the sovereignty of other coun­tries.

If the US threats over North Korea ul­ti­mately lead to a sense­less nu­clear war, it would mo­men­tar­ily de­stroy the multi-tril­lion dol­lar economies of the BRICS na­tions and their as­pi­ra­tions for the fu­ture well-be­ing of all emerg­ing coun­tries.

With con­flicts and wars rag­ing all over our world, all world lead­ers and peace lov­ing cit­i­zens should fo­cus on de­vel­op­ing a new con­cept of in­ter­na­tional se­cu­rity un­der the aus­pices of the United Na­tions – to guide the world to­wards the elim­i­na­tion of nu­clear weapons. (The writer is an in­ter­na­tional lawyer and was a UNESCO del­e­gate to the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly and a Rep­re­sen­ta­tive of UNAIDS at the United Na­tions.)

BRICS lead­ers met from 3-5th Septem­ber in China.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Sri Lanka

© PressReader. All rights reserved.