Sri Lanka im­poses tough eco­nomic sanc­tions on nu­clear North Korea

Sunday Times (Sri Lanka) - - FRONT PAGE -

The Gov­ern­ment this week is­sued reg­u­la­tions im­pos­ing sanc­tions on the Demo­cratic Peo­ple’s repub­lic of North Korea (DPRK or North Korea) in keep­ing with United Na­tions Se­cu­rity Coun­cil Res­o­lu­tions deal­ing with the pro­lif­er­a­tion of nu­clear, chem­i­cal and bi­o­log­i­cal weapons.

The reg­u­la­tions were is­sued by For­eign Min­is­ter Tilak Mara­pana on Fri­day.

The sanc­tions are in keep­ing with Sri Lanka’s obli­ga­tion im­posed upon mem­ber states of the United Na­tions to ap­ply sanc­tion mea­sures in re­la­tion to North Korea un­til the coun­try sus­pends all ac­tiv­i­ties re­lated to its nu­clear and bal­lis­tic mis­sile pro­grammes and aban­don all nu­clear weapons and ex­ist­ing nu­clear pro­grammes which con­sti­tute a threat to in­ter­na­tional peace and se­cu­rity.

Even though Sri Lanka and North Korea have had diplo­matic links since 1970, both coun­tries do not main­tain res­i­dent mis­sions.

Un­der the terms of the reg­u­la­tions, the For­eign Min­is­ter will ap­point a com­pe­tent au­thor­ity in con­sul­ta­tion with the De­fence Min­is­ter to en­sure that the sanc­tions are im­posed.

The reg­u­la­tions pro­hibit Sri Lankans here and abroad from pro­vid­ing or re­ceiv­ing as­sets, fi­nan­cial ser­vices, tech­ni­cal train­ing, ad­vice, ser­vices or as­sis­tance re­lated to the pro­vi­sion, man­u­fac­ture, pro­duc­tion, pos­ses­sion, ac­qui­si­tion main­te­nance, stock­pil­ing, stor­age, trans­porta­tion, trans­fer or use of any items re­lated to the nu­clear pro­gramme to any per­son in North Korea.

They also pro­hibit pro­vid­ing of bunker­ing ser­vices, sup­plies, ser­vic­ing, leas­ing or char­ter­ing of ves­sels or crew ser­vices of ves­sels to North Korea.

North Korean fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions will not be al­lowed to open new branches, sub­sidiaries or rep­re­sen­ta­tive of­fices in Sri Lanka. The com­pe­tent au­thor­ity ap­pointed to en­sure the reg­u­la­tions are im­ple­mented will have the au­thor­ity to rec­om­mend to the Gov­ern­ment the ex­pul­sion of North Korean diplo­mats;

its gov­ern­ment rep­re­sen­ta­tives, other North Korean na­tion­als act­ing in a gov­ern­men­tal or rep­re­sen­ta­tive of fice ca­pac­ity; for­eign na­tion­als who are work­ing on be­half or at the di­rec­tion of North Korea and other con­nected to North Korea.

The com­pe­tent au­thor­ity will also ex­er­cise en­hanced vigilance over North Korean diplo­matic per­son­nel here so as to pre­vent such in­di­vid­u­als from con­tribut­ing to or gen­er­at­ing rev­enue to North Korea's pro­hib­ited pro­grammes or ac­tiv­i­ties, or to the eva­sion of sanc­tions. It could also freeze im­me­di­ately the funds, other fi­nan­cial as­sets and eco­nomic re­sources in Sri Lanka, if th­ese are owned or con­trolled di­rectly or in­di­rectly by a per­son or en­tity black­listed by the United Na­tions Se­cu­rity Coun­cil.

The com­pe­tent au­thor­ity will also have the power to freeze funds, other fi­nan­cial as­sets and eco­nomic re­sources in Sri Lanka of en­ti­ties of the Gov­ern­ment of North Korea and the Korean Work­ers Party if it is de­ter­mined to be as­so­ci­ated with the pro­hib­ited ac­tiv­i­ties.

In ad­di­tion to th­ese reg­u­la­tions, the Gov­ern­ment also is­sued other reg­u­la­tions cited as the United Na­tions ( Sanc­tions re l at­ing to Pro­lif­er­a­tion of Nu­clear, Chem­i­cal or Bi­o­log­i­cal Weapons) Reg­u­la­tions of 2017.

Th­ese reg­u­la­tions are part of the do­mes­tic con­trols that UN mem­ber states have to im­pose to pre­vent the pro­lif­er­a­tion of th­ese weapons and means of de­liv­ery, in­clud­ing by es­tab­lish­ing ap­pro­pri­ate con­trols over re­lated ma­te­ri­als.

The reg­u­la­tions pro­hibits the man­u­fac­ture, ac­quir­ing pos­ses­sion, de­vel­op­ment, trans­port, trans­fer or uses nu­clear, chem­i­cal or bi­o­log­i­cal weapons and their means of de­liv­ery within Sri Lanka.

Those who, for the peace­ful pur­poses, deal with nu­clear chem­i­cal and bi­o­log­i­cal weapon re­lated ma­te­ri­als are re­quired to com­ply with and main­tain the min­i­mum ac­count­ing, and se­cur­ing mea­sures in pro­duc­tion, use, stor­age and trans­port and min­i­mum phys­i­cal pro­tec­tion mea­sures in ac­cor­dance with the rel­e­vant writ­ten law.

Those who en­gage in ex­port, tran­sit, trans­ship­ment or re- ex­port nu­clear chem­i­cal and bi­o­log­i­cal weapon re­lated ma­te­ri­als within Sri Lanka for peace­ful pur­poses will be re­quired to com­ply with the rel­e­vant writ­ten law.

Those who com­mit of­fences un­der th­ese reg­u­la­tions are li­able to face im­pris­on­ment of up to 25 years or a fine not ex­ceed­ing five mil­lion ru­pees or both upon con­vic­tion by the High Court.

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