هوامش الدراسة

Future Studies - - العدد 07 - سبتمبر 2019 -

‪1- Jan Holvast, History of Privacy, In: Vashek Matyáš, Simone Fischer-Hübner, Daniel Cvrček, Petr Švenda‬ ‪(eds.), The Future of Identity in the Informatio­n Society. Privacy and Identity, (Berlin: Springer, 2009),‬ ‪pp. 13-42‬

‪2- World Internet Usage and Population Statistics,‬ ‪Internet World Stats,‬ ‪June 30, 2018, accessible‬ at: https://www.internetwo­rldstats.com/stats.htm

‪3- Digital 2019: Global Internet Use Accelerate­s, We Are Social, January 2019, accessible at:‬ https:// ‪wearesocia­l.com/ 2019/01/digital-2019-global-internet-use-accelerate­s‬

-4 توبـي منـدل وآخـرون، دراسـة اسـتقصائية عالميـة حـول خصوصيـة اإلنترنـت وحريـة التعبيـر، سلسـلة اليونسـكو بشـأن حريـة اإلنترنـت، باريـس: منظمـة األمـم المتحـدة للتربيـة والعلـوم والثقافـة، ،(2012 ص ص 12-15

‪5- Forget the Facebook leak’: China is mining data directly from workers’ brains on an industrial scale,‬ ‪South China Morning Post, April 29, 2018, accessible at: https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/‬ article/2143899/forget-facebook-leak-china-mining-data-directly-workers-brains

‪6- Ralph Jacobson, 2.5 quintillio­n bytes of data created every day. How does CPG & Retail manage it?,‬ ‪IBM, April 24, 2013, accessible at: https://www.ibm.com/blogs/insights-on-business/consumer-products/27-quintillio­n-bytes-of-data-created-every-day-how-does-cpg-retail-manage-it/‬

‪7- Internet Live Statistics,‬ ‪Internet Live Stats Website,‬ ‪August 2019, accessible at:‬ http://www.internetli­vestats.com

‪8- Louis Columbus, 10 Charts That Will Change Your Perspectiv­e of Big Data’s Growth, Forbes, May 23,‬ ‪2018, accessible at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolum­bus/2018/05/23/10-charts-that-will-changeyour-perspectiv­e-of-big-datas-growth/#6df49d2629­26‬

‪9- Big Data and the Future of Privacy, Electronic Privacy Informatio­n Center, 2019, accessible at: https://‬ epic.org/privacy/big-data/

-10 الصيـن تعتمـد علـى تقنيـة التعـرف علـى الوجـوه لمخالفـة مـن يعبـر الشـارع، مرصـد المسـتقبل، 2 أبريـل ،2018 موجـود علـى الرابـط التالـي: /https://mostaqbal.ae/facial-recognitio­n-china-social-credit

‪11- Google’s incognito mode isn’t as private as you thought, NewYork Post, August 22, 2019, accessible‬ ‪at: https://nypost.com/2017/11/20/google-chromes-incognito-mode-isnt-really-incognito-after-all/‬

‪12- 2017 was the year consumer DNA testing blew up, MIT Technology Review, February 12, 2018, accessible‬ at: https://www.technology­review.com/s/610233/2017-was-the-year-consumer-dna-testing-blewup/‬

‪13- James Hazel, Christophe­r Slobogin, Who Knows What, and When?: A Survey of the Privacy Policies‬ ‪Proffered by U.S. Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing Companies, Cornell Journal of Law and Public‬ ‪Policy, April 2018; accessible at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3165765‬

‪14- Hyunghoon Cho, et.al., Secure genome-wide associatio­n analysis using multiparty‬ computatio­n, ‪Nature Biotechnol­ogy: Vol. 36, 2018, pp. 547–551‬

‪15- Connected Cars: What Happens To Our Data On Rental Cars?, Privacy Internatio­nal, December‬ ‪2017, accessible at: https://privacyint­ernational.org/report/987/connected-cars-what-happens-our-data-‬ rental-cars

‪16- a world of data exploitati­on, Privacy Internatio­nal, 2018, accessible at:‬ https://privacyint­ernational. org/recommenda­tion-principle-or-safeguard/world-data-exploitati­on

‪17- EFF to Illinois Supreme Court: Protect Biometric Privacy, Electronic Frontier Foundation, July 5,‬ ‪2018, accessible at: https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/07/eff-illinois-supreme-court-protect-biometric-privacy‬

‪18- National Cyber Security Alliance, US consumer privacy index 2016, TRUSTArc, 2017, accessible‬ at: https://www.trustarc.com/resources/privacy-research/ncsa-consumer-privacy-index-us/

‪19- State of privacy report 2015 , Symantec, 2015, accessible at:‬ https://www.symantec.com/content/en/ us/about/presskits/b-state-of-privacy-report-2015.pdf

‪20- 1-In-5 Internet Users Always Read Privacy Policies, But That Doesn’t Mean They Understand‬ ‪What They’re Reading, Consumeris­t, November 28, 2012, accessible at: https://consumeris­t.‬ com/2012/11/28/1-in-5-internet-users-always-read-privacy-policies-but-that-doesnt-mean-they-understand-what-theyre-reading/

-21 انتهـاء عصـر الخصوصيـة.. 8 تغريـدات علـى «تويتـر» كافيـة لتحديـد المتلصصيـن علـى موقعـك، الشـرق األوسـط،، 31 مايـو ،2016 موجـود علـى الرابط التالـي: https://bit.ly/2YXLy34

‪22- Apple, Google Collect User Data, Wall Street Journal, April 22, 2011, accessible at:‬ https://www.wsj. com/articles/SB10001424­0527487039­8370457627­7101723453­610

‪23- Detect Locations App, GitHub Today, 2017, accessible at: https://github.com/KrauseFx/detect.location‬

‪24- Emma Sims, RIP privacy: Thousands of apps are now recording your phone screen without permission‬ ‪Security, Alphr, July 4, 2018, accessible at: https://www.alphr.com/apps/1009691/privacy-apps-record-‬ ing-phone-screen-without-permission

25- ‪Google Privacy Policies, Accessible at:‬ https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl

‪26- That Game on Your Phone May Be Tracking What You’re Watching on TV, Privacy Internatio­nal,‬ ‪December 28, 2017, accessible at: https://privacyint­ernational.org/examples/1939/game-your-phone-may-‬ be-tracking-what-youre-watching-tv

‪27- Mike Isaac, Cecilia Kang, Facebook Expects to Be Fined Up to $5 Billion by F.T.C. Over‬ Privacy

‪Issues, nology/facebook-ftc-fine-privacy.html ‪28- 17, Was 2019, The The New Facebook accessible York Times, ‘10 at: Year https://www.forbes.com/sites/nicolemart­in1/2019/01/17/was-the-facebook-10-‬ April Challenge’ 24, 2019, A Way accessible To Mine at:‬ Data https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/24/tech- For Facial Recognitio­n AI?, Forbes, January‬

year-challenge-a-way-to-mine-data-for-facial-recognitio­n-ai/#647a4d0558­59 ‪29- Sean March Gallagher, 25, 2018, Facebook accessible scraped at: https://arstechnic­a.com/informatio­n-technology/2018/03/facebooksc­raped-call-text-message-data-for-years-from-android-phones/‬ call, text message data for years from Android phones, Arstechnic­a,‬ ‪30- John Koetsier, Viral App FaceApp Now Owns Access to More Than 150 Million People’s Faces And‬ ‪Names, Forbes, July 17, 2019, accessible at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkoetsi­er/2019/07/17/viralapp-faceapp-now-owns-access-to-more-than-150-million-peoples-faces-and-names/#18fb72c862­f1‬

https://faceapp.com/privacy

32- 31- ‪FaceApp ‪FaceApp Privacy Terms of Policy,‬ Use, January ‪January 20, 20, 2017, 2017 accessible accessib le at:‬ at:‬ https://www.faceapp.com/terms

‪33- ‪2019, issie accessible lapowsky, at: How https://www.wired.com/story/cambridge-analytica-facebook-privacy-awakening/‬ Cambridge Analytica Sparked the Great Privacy Awakening, Wired, March 17,‬

‪34- Emma Sims, op.cit.,‬

35- ‪Global Internet Report: Paths to Our Digital future,‬ ‪(VA: Internet Society, 2017), p.‬ 32

‪accessible ‪36- Artificial at: Intelligen­ce https://www.datatilsyn­et.no/globalasse­ts/global/english/ai-and-privacy.pdf‬ and Privacy Report, The Norwegian Data protection Authority,‬ January 2018,

‪37- Perpetual Line Up - Unregulate­d Police Face Recognitio­n in America, George Washington Law‬ ‪Center on Privacy and Technology, October 18, 2018, accessible at: https://www.perpetuall­ineup.org/‬

‪38- Bernard Marr, How Much Data Do We Create Every Day? The Mind-Blowing Stats Everyone Should‬ ‪Read, Forbes, May 21, 2018, accessible at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmar­r/2018/05/21/howmuch-data-do-we-create-every-day-the-mind-blowing-stats-everyone-should-read/#2a9e92060b­a9‬

‪39- 25 Million More Voice Assistants Coming This Year; Amazon, Google Dominate, Media Post, January‬ ‪23, 2017, accessible at: https://www.mediapost.com/publicatio­ns/article/293473/25-million-more-voice-‬ assistants-coming-this-year.html

‪40- Amazon confirms that echo device secretly shared users private audio, ArsTechnic­a, May 24, 2018,‬ ‪accessible at: https://arstechnic­a.com/gadgets/2018/05/amazon-confirms-that-echo-device-secret-‬ ly-shared-users-private-audio/

‪41- iRobot’s latest Roomba remembers your home’s layout and empties itself, The verge, September 6,‬ ‪2018, accessible at: https://www.theverge.com/circuitbre­aker/2018/9/6/17817220/irobot-roomba-i7-robotvacuu­m-empties-itself-maps-house‬

42- ‪Spectacles Glasses,‬ ‪accessible at:‬ https://www.spectacles.com/

‪43- Google Glass: a survey about global wearable technology,‬ ‪Toluna Group, 2014, accessible at:‬ https:// bit.ly/2ZepmAS

‪44- Wei Zhou, et. al., The Effect of IoT New Features on Security and Privacy: New Threats, Existing‬ Solutions, and Challenges Yet to Be Solved, Shaanxi: IEEE Internatio­nal Conference on Smart‬ ‪Internet of Things (Smart IoT), 2018, pp. 2 - 7‬

‪45- Cloud Computing,‬ ‪Electronic Privacy Informatio­n center,‬ ‪accessible at:‬ https://bit.ly/2OtSwI3

سلســلة اليونســكو بشــأن حريــة اإلنترنــت، -46 -47 Jksrg،2012توبــي الحوسـبةمو­جــودمنــد­لالكميـةعل­ــىتكتـب وآخــرون،الرابــطال­فصـلدراســ­ةالتالــي:األخيـراسـ­ـتقصائيةلع­صـر عالميــةحـ­ـول الخصوصيـة، https://bit.ly/2Ot7j5Yالع­ـرب، خصوصيــة24­اإلنترنــت­سـبتمبر وحريــة،2017 التعبيــر،موجـود علـى الرابـط التالـي: https://bit.ly/2Y

48- ‪Surveillan­ce Industry Index,‬ ‪accessible at:‬ https://sii.transparen­cytoolkit.org/ ‪49- The Global Surveillan­ce Industry,‬

‪50- C. Bryan Foltz, Cyberterro­rism, computer ‪Privacy crime, internatio­nal,‬ and reality,‬ ‪accessible ‪Informatio­n at:‬ https://bit.ly/2Isuqde Management &‬ Computer ‪Security, Vol. 12 Issue 2, 2004, p. 159.‬

‪51- Cost of a Data Breach Report: Global overview,‬ ‪Ponemon Institute & IBM,‬ ‪2018, accessible‬ at: https://www.ibm.com/security/data-breach

‪52- NebuAd, ISPs sued over DPI snooping, ad-targeting program, Arstechica, December11, 2018, accessible‬ at: https://arstechnic­a.com/tech-policy/2008/11/nebuad-isps-sued-over-dpi-snooping-ad-targeting-‬ program/

‪53- Iran cracks down on web dissident technology, Telegraph, March 18, 2011, accessible at: https://www.‬ telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iran/8388484/Iran-cracks-down-on-web-dissident-technology.html

‪54- Jacob Kastrenake­s, FCC fines Verizon $1.35 million over ‘supercooki­e’ tracking, The Verge, March‬ ‪7, 2016, accessible at: https://www.theverge.com/2016/3/7/11173010/verizon-supercooki­e-fine-1-3-million-fcc‬

‪55- Polisis: Automated Analysis and Presentati­on of Privacy Policies Using Deep Learning, Accessible‬ at: https://pribot.org

56- ‪Privacy Monitor,‬ ‪accessible at:‬ https://www.privacymon­itor.com

‪57- Oliver Diggelmann & Maria Nicole Cleis, How the Right to Privacy Became a Human Right,‬ Human ‪Rights Law Review, Vol. 14, Issue 3, September 1, 2014, pp. 441 – 458.‬

-58 مــروة زيــن العابديــن صالــح، الحمايــة القانونيــ­ة الدوليــة للبيانــات الشــخصية عبــر اإلنترنــت، )الجيــزة: مركــز الدراســات العربيــة للنشــر والتوزيــع، الطبعــة األولــى: ،(2016 ص ص 24 – 52، ص .55

‪59- H. Nissenbaum,‬ ‪Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of‬ Social Life, ‪(Stanford, CA: Stanford Law Books, 2010),‬ pp.1-4

‪60- David Meyer, In the Wake of GDPR, Will the U.S. Embrace Data Privacy?,‬ Fortune, November 29, ‪2019, accessible at: https://bit.ly/2MBXGze‬

‪61- What people like and dislike about Facebook,‬ ‪Pew Research Center,‬ ‪February 3, 2014,‬ accessible ‪at: https://pewrsr.ch/2yCdqKn‬

‪62- Informatio­n economy report 2017: digitizati­on, trade and developmen­t,‬ UNCTAD, ‪October 2017,‬ (p. ‪10), accessible at: https://bit.ly/2Df0Cgk‬

63- Ibid., p. 95.

‪64- Gwen Thomas, Defining Data Governance,‬ ‪Data Governance Institiute,‬ ‪accessible at:‬ https://bit. ly/2zoKuYz

‪65- Algorithmi­c Transparen­cy: End Secret Profiling,‬ ‪Electronic Privacy Informatio­n Center,‬ accessible ‪at: https://bit.ly/2Kq7MR6‬

-66 يمكن مراجعة الدليل على الرابط التالي: https://bit.ly/2OER1ag

-67 البقاء آمنا على اإلنترنت: دليل للشباب واألهالي حول الحفاظ على األمان على اإلنترنت، اليونيسيف، موجود على الرابط https://::يلاتلا www.unicef.org/egypt/ar/staying-safe-online

‪68- State of privacy report 2015,‬ Symantec, ‪accessible at:‬ https://www.symantec.com/

Newspapers in Arabic

Newspapers from UAE

© PressReader. All rights reserved.