Prize crossword

BBC History Magazine - - Contents - Com­piled by Ed­die James

Across

1 The treaty that cre­ated the Euro­pean Union (EEC as it was then) was signed here (4) 3 Sir Martin, the mar­itime ex­plorer who played a ma­jor role in the de­feat of the Span­ish Ar­mada (9) 8 Mid­dle East­ern in­tel­li­gence agency es­tab­lished in the mid-20th cen­tury (6) 10 Bene­dic­tine monk, 11th-cen­tury arch­bishop of Can­ter­bury, cred­ited with dis­cov­er­ing the ‘on­to­log­i­cal ar­gu­ment’ for God’s ex­is­tence (2,6) 11 See 4 down 12 The city of Philadel­phia was planned and given its name by the Quaker, Wil­liam ___ (4) 13 Town of south­ern France, freed from An­glo-Span­ish oc­cu­pa­tion in 1793 by forces that in­cluded a young Napoleon Bon­a­parte (6) 14 Tra­di­tion­ally, a small, sin­gle-masted craft built for speed, ‘un­rated’ in the navy (6) 16 Fam­ily name of US pi­o­neers of flight cred­ited with build­ing the world’s first suc­cess­ful air­plane (6) 17 Costly, usu­ally non-func­tional build­ing, in fash­ion in Eng­land in the 18th and 19th cen­turies (5) 19 First name of the man who made the first jour­ney into space (4) 20 The flam­boy­ant na­tional hero who sought anonymity as ‘air­craft­man Ross’ in 1922 (1,1,8) 21 Caryl ___, im­pris­oned in 1948 un­til his ex­e­cu­tion in 1960, who wrote of his time on ‘death row’ (8) 23 Part of Yu­goslavia from 1929 to 2003, it be­came an in­de­pen­dent state in 2006 (6) 24 The first Egyp­tian pharaoh to bear this name is said to have founded the tomb work­ers’ vil­lage at Deir el-Me­d­ina (9) 25 Tra­di­tional US term ap­plied to cam­paign­ing politi­cians: “on the ___” (5)

Down

1 Bri­tish fi­nancier and em­pire builder who was prime min­is­ter of Cape Colony in the late 19th cen­tury (6) 2 Town which, dur­ing the Greek War of In­de­pen­dence, suf­fered a year-long siege from April 1825 (11) 4 down/11 across Ma­jor his­toric event which had two phases, in Fe­bru­ary and Oc­to­ber of the same year, and which re­sulted in the shift­ing of the coun­try’s cap­i­tal ( 7,10) 5 Wern­her von ___, Ger­man sci­en­tist who played a key role in Amer­ica’s space pro­gramme (5) 6 Bri­tish un­der­cover force, thrust into the lime­light dur­ing the tele­vised Ira­nian em­bassy siege in 1980 (3) 7 Scan­di­na­vian politi­cian, prime min­is­ter of his coun­try for 23 years, over­see­ing much so­cial wel­fare leg­is­la­tion (8) 9 Up­per gar­ment, close-fit­ting and waisted, pop­u­lar wear for men be­tween the 15th and 17th cen­turies ( 7) 12 Amer­i­can heiress, con­victed of com­mit­ting bank rob­bery with mem­bers of the group that had kid­napped her (5,6) 14 Bri­tish nov­el­ist and Chris­tian scholar, hon­oured in 2013, 50 years af­ter his death, with a me­mo­rial in Po­ets’ Cor­ner (1,1,5) 15 A one-horse, four-wheeled car­riage named af­ter Henry, a 19th-cen­tury Lord Chan­cel­lor (8) 17 Fas­cist po­lit­i­cal group, formed in 1933, which be­came the of­fi­cial party of the Franco regime ( 7) 18 Scene of Oc­ta­vian’s vic­tory over the com­bined fleets of Mark Antony and Cleopa­tra (6) 20 He founded, with Nel­son Man­dela, an early ver­sion of the African Na­tional Congress party (5) 22 Bri­tish news­pa­per, the re­launched ver­sion of the Daily Her­ald (3)

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