TOP 20

BBC History Magazine - - 100 Women Who Changed The World -

20 Mother Teresa

1910–97 Hu­man­i­tar­ian nun who spent most of her life work­ing with the poor in Kolkata, In­dia.

19 Mary Sea­cole

1805–81 Pi­o­neer­ing nurse who cared for in­jured sol­diers dur­ing the Crimean War.

18 Josephine But­ler

1828–1906 Fem­i­nist and so­cial re­former who cam­paigned for women’s suf­frage.

17 Queen Vic­to­ria

1819–1901 Bri­tish queen for 63 years, who over­saw the ex­pan­sion of the Bri­tish em­pire.

16 Amelia Earhart

1897–c1937 Amer­i­can avi­a­tion pi­o­neer and the first fe­male avi­a­tor to fly solo across the At­lantic Ocean.

15 Diana, Princess of Wales

1961–97 Bri­tish royal cel­e­brated for her char­ity work, and help­ing to raise aware­ness of is­sues around HIV/Aids, land mines and can­cer.

14 Boudicca c30–61

Queen of the Iceni peo­ple of East Anglia who led an up­ris­ing against Ro­man rule in Britain.

13 Jane Austen

1775–1817 Bri­tish nov­el­ist whose books of­fer ob­ser­va­tion and in­sights into the lives of women in the Ge­or­gian era.

12 Vir­gin Mary

1st-cen­tury BC–1st-cen­tury AD The mother of Je­sus, and a fig­ure ven­er­ated by both Chris­tians and Mus­lims. De­tails of her life are veiled as much as they are elu­ci­dated by the New Tes­ta­ment.

11 Eleanor of Aquitaine

1122–1204 One of the most pow­er­ful con­sorts of the Mid­dle Ages, Eleanor mar­ried Louis VII of France and, later, the fu­ture Henry II of Eng­land.

10 Marie Stopes 1880–1958

An ad­vo­cate of birth con­trol and sex ed­u­ca­tion, Stopes was an of­ten con­tro­ver­sial fig­ure, es­pe­cially for her views on eu­gen­ics. She was a key fig­ure in pub­li­cis­ing the causes she ad­vo­cated and in bring­ing women the op­por­tu­nity of planned preg­nan­cies.

9 Flo­rence Nightin­gale 1820–1910

Nightin­gale led the first of­fi­cial team of Bri­tish mil­i­tary nurses to Turkey dur­ing the Crimean War, (1853– 56). She was in­stru­men­tal in es­tab­lish­ing a per­ma­nent mil­i­tary nurs­ing ser­vice and im­ple­ment­ing im­prove­ments to the army med­i­cal ser­vices.

8 Mary Woll­stonecraft 1759–97

A writer and philoso­pher, Woll­stonecraft championed ed­u­ca­tion and lib­er­a­tion for women. Her book, A Vin­di­ca­tion of the Rights of Woman, was pub­lished in 1792 and is seen as one of the foun­da­tional texts of mod­ern fem­i­nism.

7 An­gela Bur­dett-Coutts 1814–1906

The first woman to have been made a peer, Bur­dett- Coutts was made a baroness for her work on be­half of the poor. She was a pi­o­neer in so­cial hous­ing and fi­nanced nu­mer­ous projects, in­clud­ing the re­de­vel­op­ment of east London.

6 Mar­garet Thatcher 1925–2013

Britain’s first fe­male prime min­is­ter came to power at an un­set­tled time in the coun­try’s his­tory, as it faced po­lit­i­cal dishar­mony and eco­nomic re­ces­sion. Fur­ther tri­als, in­clud­ing the 1982 Falk­lands War and the con­flict in North­ern Ire­land, helped to de­fine her in­flu­en­tial ca­reer.

Amelia Earhart pic­tured in the cock­pit of her au­to­giro in 1931, af­ter set­ting a new al­ti­tude record for women

Mary Woll­stonecraft is re­mem­bered by many as Britain’s first fem­i­nist

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