Bird Watching (UK) - - Part Two Bird Photography Basics -

Now this isn’t re­ally a com­po­si­tional tech­nique, but I feel it fits best here as it is very much about the aes­thet­ics of an im­age. Bokeh is, in sim­ple terms, the out of fo­cus ar­eas of an im­age. Those that fall out of the sharp ar­eas de­fined by the aper­ture drift into a blur, and us­ing this can be fan­tas­tic to fo­cus attention on sub­jects or ar­eas of a frame. For the best Bokeh, you will want to work at a wide open aper­ture (f2.8-f5.6) be­ing eye level with your sub­ject. For the clean­est look­ing back­grounds, you’ll want the area be­hind your main sub­ject to be at least three times the dis­tance between you and your sub­ject for the op­ti­mum blur. By also low­er­ing your po­si­tion and us­ing fo­liage between your­self and the sub­ject you can sub­se­quently add blur into the fore­ground, some­thing that is es­pe­cially use­ful if you want to hide cer­tain el­e­ments of the im­age, or have a sim­ple min­i­mal­ist com­po­si­tion. Us­ing the above rules, try them out with dif­fer­ent sub­jects and al­ways keep them in the back of your mind when shoot­ing. With time com­pos­ing, us­ing the rule of third with three el­e­ments, will be­come sec­ond na­ture, lead­ing you on to try more dar­ing and in­ter­est­ing com­po­si­tions within your im­ages.


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