Jar­gon Buster

Computer Active (UK) - - Contents -

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32bit A mea­sure of how much in­for­ma­tion a com­puter can process at once. Most older com­put­ers are 32bit.

4K Video with a res­o­lu­tion of at least 3840x2160 pix­els.

64bit A tech­nol­ogy that pro­cesses in­for­ma­tion in larger chunks. Most mod­ern com­put­ers are 64bit.

720p A res­o­lu­tion of high­def­i­ni­tion video: 1280x720 pix­els.

ACE An old file for­mat for com­press­ing data, over­taken by RAR in pop­u­lar­ity.

Add-in Mi­crosoft’s name for tools that can be added to Of­fice soft­ware.

Add-on A pro­gram that adds ex­tra fea­tures to pro­grams and browsers.

AMOLED Ac­tive-ma­trix Or­ganic Light-emit­ting Diode. An al­ter­na­tive tech­nol­ogy to LCD for cre­at­ing flat-panel dis­plays.

An­tivirus engines The core com­po­nent of an an­tivirus pro­gram that de­tects mal­ware.

As­pect ra­tio A mea­sure­ment of the shape of a dis­play. Tra­di­tional com­puter screens are 4:3. Widescreen dis­plays are 16:9.

Batch file A set of in­struc­tions that runs in Com­mand Prompt.

Bench­mark­ing Com­par­ing soft­ware and prod­ucts with an ac­cepted stan­dard.

Beta Soft­ware that’s be­ing tested. Beta ver­sions are of­ten re­leased so prob­lems can be ironed out.

BIOS Ba­sic In­put-out­put Sys­tem. Es­sen­tial soft­ware built into ev­ery PC that con­nects the vi­tal com­po­nents.

Boot loop A flaw which sees your de­vice con­stantly boot­ing into re­cov­ery mode.

Cache A tem­po­rary space for stor­ing in­for­ma­tion.

Clone A fea­ture found in some backup pro­grams that makes an ex­act copy of a drive on to another drive.

Codec A file that tells a com­puter how to play a type of me­dia file.

CPU Cen­tral Pro­cess­ing Unit. A com­puter pro­ces­sor.

CSV Comma Sep­a­rated Value. A stan­dard file for­mat, used for stor­ing tab­u­lated in­for­ma­tion.

DLL Dy­namic Link Li­brary. DLL re­sources can be made use of by one or more Win­dows pro­grams.

Driver A file that tells Win­dows how to work with a pe­riph­eral de­vice.

EXE A pro­gram file de­signed to run in Win­dows.

Ex­ten­sion Adds ex­tra fea­tures to pro­grams and browsers.

Fire­wall Soft­ware or hard­ware that pre­vents unau­tho­rised ac­cess to a com­puter over a net­work.

Ges­ture Fin­ger move­ments on a screen that per­form an ac­tion, such as pinch­ing to zoom.

Go­rilla Glass Scratch-re­sis­tant glass that’s used to pro­tect the screens of tablets and phones.

GPT GUID Par­ti­tion Ta­ble. A way of par­ti­tion­ing data that al­lows for big­ger drives than the older MBR.

Graph­ics card A com­po­nent in a com­puter that pro­duces the im­age shown on the mon­i­tor.

Greyscale The range of grey shades from white to black, used on mono­chrome print­outs.

HDR High-dy­namic range. Tak­ing sev­eral pho­tos at dif­fer­ent ex­po­sure lev­els, then merg­ing them to cre­ate a bet­ter picture.

Heat sink A block of metal used to help dis­si­pate heat.

High-dy­namic range See HDR.

HTML5 The lat­est ver­sion of the Hyper­text Markup Lan­guage used to cre­ate most web pages.

HTTPS Hy­per Text Trans­fer Pro­to­col Se­cure. The se­cure ver­sion of HTTP, the tech­nol­ogy that sends data be­tween your browser and the web.

LCD Liq­uid-crys­tal dis­play. The tech­nol­ogy used to cre­ate al­most all flatscreen mon­i­tors.

MBR Mas­ter Boot Record. The area on a hard drive that is checked by a com­puter when it first starts.

Megapixel A mea­sure of the amount of de­tail that can be recorded by a dig­i­tal im­age.

Mi­crosd card A small type of mem­ory card. Can be con­verted to SD size us­ing an adapter.

NTFS New Tech­nol­ogy File Sys­tem. A file sys­tem used by all re­cent ver­sions of Win­dows.

OCR Op­ti­cal char­ac­ter recog­ni­tion. The process by which printed text is scanned and con­verted into doc­u­ments that can be edited.

Opengl A pro­gram­ming stan­dard used for work such as 3D mod­el­ling.

Par­ti­tion A large hard drive can be split into two or more par­ti­tions or ‘vir­tual’ drives.

Plug-in A small pro­gram that adds ex­tra fea­tures to soft­ware or to your web browser.

Prod­uct key A unique se­rial num­ber that must be typed in by the user be­fore a pro­gram will launch for the first time.

PUP Po­ten­tially un­wanted pro­gram. A pro­gram that may not be de­sired, de­spite the user con­sent­ing to it be­ing down­loaded.

QHD Quad High Def­i­ni­tion.

Quad core A com­puter that has four processors on a sin­gle chip.

RAM Ran­dom-ac­cess mem­ory. The com­puter’s work­ing area, used for data stor­age.

Ran­somware Mal­ware run by hack­ers who lock files on your PC and de­mand a pay­ment to re­lease them.

RAR Roshal Ar­chive. A for­mat for stor­ing com­pressed files.

Read speed How long it takes a hard drive to ‘read’ data, and re­spond to it.

Scal­ing How op­er­at­ing sys­tems dis­play text from dif­fer­ent pro­grams to make it read­able on screen.

SIM Sub­scriber Iden­tity Mod­ule. The smart card used by mo­bile phones.

Sound card An ex­pan­sion card that lets a PC cre­ate game sound ef­fects, mu­sic, and so on.

Source code Pro­gram in­struc­tions in a lan­guage that are read­able by peo­ple but not com­put­ers.

Spam­bot Soft­ware that roams the in­ter­net look­ing for email ad­dresses to which com­mer­cial of­fers can be sent.

SRGB A stan­dard RGB colour space for use on mon­i­tors, print­ers and the in­ter­net.

SSD Solid-state drive. Stor­age that uses no mov­ing parts.

Sys­tem re­store point The col­lec­tion of sys­tem files stored on a given date and time to which Win­dows can re­vert if a prob­lem oc­curs.

Teleme­try Mi­crosoft’s sys­tem in Win­dows 10 that tracks how the op­er­at­ing sys­tem is used in or­der to im­prove it.

Thun­der­bolt Made by In­tel, a very fast port for con­nect­ing ex­ter­nal stor­age to a com­puter.

Two-step ver­i­fi­ca­tion A sys­tem that uses two dif­fer­ent means to iden­tify the user.

TXT A ba­sic file for­mat that con­tains noth­ing but text.

UEFI Uni­fied Ex­ten­si­ble Firmware In­ter­face. A mod­ern re­place­ment for the BIOS (see above).

Uni­body Term used to de­scribe a smart­phone or tablet case made from a sin­gle piece of metal.

USB Type-c A new con­nec­tor that’s rev­ersible, let­ting you plug it in up­side down.

Vol­ume An area of PC stor­age con­tain­ing data that can be ac­cessed us­ing a sin­gle file sys­tem.

Write speed How long it takes a hard drive to save data.

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